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‘Pražský Ilustrovaný Kurýr’ (Prague Illustrated Courier). The Prague penny-press as a window into the world of fin-de- siècle common man. A theoretical and methodical approach. Penny press (from 1830s): - low price high circulation readability sensationalism Yellow press (from 1890s)

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pra sk ilustrovan kur r prague illustrated courier

‘Pražský Ilustrovaný Kurýr’ (Prague Illustrated Courier)

The Prague penny-press as a window into the world of fin-de- siècle common man.

A theoretical and methodical approach.

slide3
Penny press (from 1830s):

- low price

  • high circulation
  • readability
  • sensationalism

Yellow press (from 1890s)

  • bigger sensationalism
  • large-scale pictures
  • lurid headlines
popular culture and popular press
Popular culture and popular press
  • the broadest and the most favourite symbolic culture of modern era
  • broadcasted by mass media
  • industrialization and urbanization
  • cheap and fast print
  • new readers
petr burke popular culture in early modern europe
Petr Burke. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe.
  • elements of previous folk culture
  • elements of high culture
  • commercially altered for a wider readership
matthew schneirov the dream of a new social order popular magazines in america
(Matthew Schneirov. The Dream of a New Social Order. Popular Magazines in America.)

"Since the world seemed to be speaking directly to the reader, no special skill, knowledge or sensitivity seemed to be needed to understand and react to a photograph or news story."

reading theory
Reading theory

Producers encode into the text their dominant or preferred meanings, which "both have the institutional/political/ideological order imprinted in them and have themselves become institutionalised.

(Stuart Hall. Encoding/Decoding.)

stuart hall encoding decoding
Stuart Hall. Encoding/Decoding.
  • Thedominant readings – readers in agreement with dominant ideology
  • The oppositional readings – readers in opposition to dominant ideology
  • The negotiated readings - a mixture of adaptive and oppositional elements

Readers accept the dominant ideology in general, but modify it to meet the needs of their specific situation.

slide10
But while text allows a variety of negotiated or oppositional meanings, its structure always prefers a meaning that generally promotes the preferred ideology. This complexity and subtlety of meanings encoded in text has a powerful effect upon readers, this wide variety of codes coheres to present a unified set of meanings that work to maintain, legitimate, and naturalize the encoded ideology.

(John Fiske. Television Culture.)

slide11
"The domains of \'preferred meanings\' have the whole social order embedded in them as a set of meanings, practices and beliefs: the everyday knowledge of social structures, \'how things work for all practical purposes in this culture\', the rank order of power and interest and the structure of legitimations, limits and sanctions."

(Stuart Hall. Encoding/Decoding.)

methods1
Methods
  • Comparison
methods2
Methods
  • Comparison
  • Quantitative content analysis - what is attractive and important to readers
methods3
Methods
  • Comparison
  • Quantitative content analysis - what is attractive and important to readers
  • Semantic analysis - disguised meanings and stereotypes
methods4
Methods
  • Comparison
  • Quantitative content analysis - what is attractive and important to readers
  • Semantic analysis - disguised meanings and stereotypes
  • Language analysis - writing techniques and manipulation
methods5
Methods
  • Comparison
  • Quantitative content analysis - what is attractive and important to readers
  • Semantic analysis - disguised meanings and stereotypes
  • Language analysis - writing techniques and manipulation
  • Research of advertisement - target group of readers
methods6
Methods
  • Comparison
  • Quantitative content analysis - what is attractive and important to readers
  • Semantic analysis - disguised meanings and stereotypes
  • Language analysis - writing techniques and manipulation
  • Research of advertisement - target group of readers
  • Picture analysis
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