Infectious Disease. AS Supplement. Infectious Disease. An infectious disease is a transmissible disease resulting from the presence of pathogens including prions , viruses , bacteria, fungi, protozoa and multicellular parasites.
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1. Reduce the number of mosquitoes (destruction of breeding ground, stagnant water, the use of insecticides)
2. Avoid mosquitoes bites (using fly screens, mosquito repellents)
3. Use prophylactic drugs to prevent infection (chloroquine and quinine, proguanil, mefloquine).
-- 2 copies of ssRNA = viral genome -- Glycoprotein 120 and 41 in envelope
-- Has reverse transcriptase (Why?) -- p24 in the conical capsid
-- Proteases for exiting cells