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Northwest Territory. One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation Planned to sell land to raise revenue By 1784, a plethora of individuals moved westward Caused problems with Native Americans

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northwest territory
Northwest Territory
  • One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation
  • Planned to sell land to raise revenue
  • By 1784, a plethora of individuals moved westward
    • Caused problems with Native Americans
    • Federal leaders could not afford to fight wars; decided to regulate settlement
the northwest ordinance
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
  • CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.
the northwest ordinance1
Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory).

Boundaries of the Northwest Territory:Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
the northwest ordinance2
Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation).

NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
the northwest ordinance3
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
  • LAND ORDINANCE of 1785:Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory.
  • Rectangular Survey System –carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.
the northwest ordinance4
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
  • Township –the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.

Township

6 MILES

the northwest ordinance5
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
  • Section –36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.

Section

the northwest ordinance6
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
  • Acre –the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre.

The average size farmwas 40 acres. So, it sold for $40.

Lions

10

20

30

40

50

40

30

20

10

ACRE

the northwest ordinance7
Education– the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township.

How much went for education?

Answer: $640

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
slide12
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787this document establishes…
  • the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
the northwest ordinance of 17871
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
  • Statehood:
  • When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can:
    • Establish an elected assembly
    • Governor still had absolute veto power
the northwest ordinance of 17872
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
  • When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can:
    • can write a state constitution and apply for statehood.
    • If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.
the northwest ordinance of 17873
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

Minnesota

Ohio (1803)

Five states:

Indiana (1816)

Michigan

Wisconsin

Illinois (1818)

Michigan (1837)

Illinois

Ohio

Wisconsin (1848)

Indiana

the northwest ordinance of 17874
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

Rights Guaranteed:

  • Trial by jury
  • Public education
  • Freedom of religion
  • Prohibition of slavery
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