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Northwest Territory. One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation Planned to sell land to raise revenue By 1784, a plethora of individuals moved westward Caused problems with Native Americans

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Northwest territory
Northwest Territory

  • One of the most important accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation

  • Planned to sell land to raise revenue

  • By 1784, a plethora of individuals moved westward

    • Caused problems with Native Americans

    • Federal leaders could not afford to fight wars; decided to regulate settlement



The northwest ordinance
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

  • CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.


The northwest ordinance1

Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory).

Boundaries of the Northwest Territory:Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE


The northwest ordinance2

Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation).

NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE


The northwest ordinance3
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

  • LAND ORDINANCE of 1785:Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory.

  • Rectangular Survey System –carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.


The northwest ordinance4
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

  • Township –the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.

Township

6 MILES



The northwest ordinance5
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

  • Section –36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.

Section


The northwest ordinance6
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

  • Acre –the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre.

    The average size farmwas 40 acres. So, it sold for $40.

Lions

10

20

30

40

50

40

30

20

10

ACRE


The northwest ordinance7

Education– the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township.

How much went for education?

Answer: $640

THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE



The northwest ordinance of 17871
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

  • Statehood:

  • When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can:

    • Establish an elected assembly

    • Governor still had absolute veto power


The northwest ordinance of 17872
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

  • When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can:

    • can write a state constitution and apply for statehood.

    • If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.


The northwest ordinance of 17873
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

Minnesota

Ohio (1803)

Five states:

Indiana (1816)

Michigan

Wisconsin

Illinois (1818)

Michigan (1837)

Illinois

Ohio

Wisconsin (1848)

Indiana


The northwest ordinance of 17874
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787

Rights Guaranteed:

  • Trial by jury

  • Public education

  • Freedom of religion

  • Prohibition of slavery


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