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Disaster Risk Reduction Issues for Capacity Building, Institutions and Policies. Dr. Anil K Gupta Head, Division of Policy Planning and Environment NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT (Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India ) New Delhi. DRR – Capacity Needs.

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Disaster Risk Reduction Issues for Capacity Building, Institutions and Policies

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Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

Disaster Risk Reduction

Issues for Capacity Building, Institutions and Policies

Dr. Anil K Gupta

Head, Division of Policy Planning and Environment

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT

(Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India)

New Delhi


Drr capacity needs

DRR – Capacity Needs

  • False sense of security? (structural mitigation)

  • Looking to external rescue & relief? – poor self-reliance

  • Un-even understanding of their (citizen/ families/ farmers) own risk of flooding and impacts

  • Climate change (an escape route? Or saving clause)

  • Un-even level of (properly) planned development / disaster management organization and preparedness at local level

  • Lack of skills for (i) understanding hazard risks, (ii) assessing vulnerabilities, (iii) developing plans and (iv) skills of preparedness.


Paradigm shift in disaster management

Paradigm Shift in Disaster Management


Approaches

Approaches

  • Previously …….Response & Relief Centric


Capacity development

Capacity Development

Key challenges:

  • Auditing the efforts and outcomes (of training & capacity building)

  • Auditing of mitigation (Mitigation Analysis) – finding DRR value/impact of developmental programmes /schemes – (Bundelkhand experience)

  • Clear objectives and enabling parameters?

  • Local level capacity – Need to move from externality

  • Orientation of Parliamentarians/elective members on recent advances on DRR & CCA


Certain experiences

Certain experiences

  • Village level DMPs (AdaptCAP-NIDM-GIZ)

  • Family DM Plans (Sikkim)

  • Gorakhpur (Shared learning with District Deptts.) – Climate resilient DDMP

  • Capacity Building of DDMA & LDMAs (U.P. experience – initiative)

    • District/Local DRR Expert (permanent staff)

    • 24 hourly operational DEOCs

    • Capacity development package for districts/local authorities

  • Various Committees at district level – integration among them and mainstreaming CCA-DRR (initiative)


Issues

Issues

Important aspects for flood risk mitigation:

  • Knowledge of knowledge (who should know, what should be known, how?)

  • Resilient housing – location, design/material

  • Livelihood – including crops/cropping, fisheries, livestock, etc

  • Water/sanitation/disease prevention (environmental-health)

    Documentation of best practices:

  • Success stories

  • Failures

  • Traditional & local knowledge

  • Innovations/technological interventions


Planning and decisions

Planning and Decisions

  • Uttarakhand experience

  • Power Vs. Irrigation Vs. Livelihoods Vs. Flood control – Risk transfer? (Kosi Basin)

  • Decisions and Planning (fine tuning / value addition for DRR)

    • Top level (like EIA, financial allocations, Risk analysis, other Plans, etc.)

    • Local level (like LUPs, allocating lands, site clearance, etc.)


Eco drr

ECO DRR

  • UN-PEDRR (Partneship for Environment and DRR) has been collaborating with NIDM since 2010 (through UNEP Geneva)

  • NIDM participated in the PEDRR-organized International Workshop on Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction in Bonn, Germany in September 2010,

  • collaborated in delivering the first pilot PEDRR Training Course in Sri Lanka in May2011.

  • Following these initiatives, NIDM and PEDRR organized national / regional training in India.


Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

Interdiciplinary Coordination


National hr plan for drm 2012

National HR Plan for DRM2012


Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

Institutional mapping for education, training and research in DM


Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

State level institutional framework for DMRR HR and capacity development


Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

District level institutional network for DM related capacity development


Education

Education

  • School education

  • Basic college education

  • Higher education (educational training)

  • Non-formal education

    Higher Education:

  • Optional Course on DM at UG level (in all streams)

  • DM Specialization/elective at PG level in (1) environmental studies, and (2) social work (not MA/MSc in DM)

  • Safety/reliability engineering as elective course in Engineering

  • Emergency Medicine and Preventive-health in Medical Institutions

  • DRR law and policy – as elective/specialization in Law courses


Csr and issues for corporate sector

CSR and Issues for Corporate Sector

  • CSR – CCA and DRR

  • Integrating Industrial/Chemical DM – with District DM Plan

    • Off-site EP Plan and DDMP

    • Integrating CCA-DRR-Env. Management-Urban Industrial Management = sustainability

  • Opportunities : Networking

  • NSC, ASSOCHAM, NIDM, NDMA and IIMs…


  • Disaster risk reduction issues for capacity building institutions and policies

    THANK YOU

    [email protected]

    [email protected]


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