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Disaster Risk Reduction Issues for Capacity Building, Institutions and Policies. Dr. Anil K Gupta Head, Division of Policy Planning and Environment NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT (Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India ) New Delhi. DRR – Capacity Needs.

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Disaster Risk Reduction

Issues for Capacity Building, Institutions and Policies

Dr. Anil K Gupta

Head, Division of Policy Planning and Environment

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT

(Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India)

New Delhi


Drr capacity needs
DRR – Capacity Needs

  • False sense of security? (structural mitigation)

  • Looking to external rescue & relief? – poor self-reliance

  • Un-even understanding of their (citizen/ families/ farmers) own risk of flooding and impacts

  • Climate change (an escape route? Or saving clause)

  • Un-even level of (properly) planned development / disaster management organization and preparedness at local level

  • Lack of skills for (i) understanding hazard risks, (ii) assessing vulnerabilities, (iii) developing plans and (iv) skills of preparedness.



Approaches
Approaches

  • Previously …….Response & Relief Centric


Capacity development
Capacity Development

Key challenges:

  • Auditing the efforts and outcomes (of training & capacity building)

  • Auditing of mitigation (Mitigation Analysis) – finding DRR value/impact of developmental programmes /schemes – (Bundelkhand experience)

  • Clear objectives and enabling parameters?

  • Local level capacity – Need to move from externality

  • Orientation of Parliamentarians/elective members on recent advances on DRR & CCA


Certain experiences
Certain experiences

  • Village level DMPs (AdaptCAP-NIDM-GIZ)

  • Family DM Plans (Sikkim)

  • Gorakhpur (Shared learning with District Deptts.) – Climate resilient DDMP

  • Capacity Building of DDMA & LDMAs (U.P. experience – initiative)

    • District/Local DRR Expert (permanent staff)

    • 24 hourly operational DEOCs

    • Capacity development package for districts/local authorities

  • Various Committees at district level – integration among them and mainstreaming CCA-DRR (initiative)


Issues
Issues

Important aspects for flood risk mitigation:

  • Knowledge of knowledge (who should know, what should be known, how?)

  • Resilient housing – location, design/material

  • Livelihood – including crops/cropping, fisheries, livestock, etc

  • Water/sanitation/disease prevention (environmental-health)

    Documentation of best practices:

  • Success stories

  • Failures

  • Traditional & local knowledge

  • Innovations/technological interventions


Planning and decisions
Planning and Decisions

  • Uttarakhand experience

  • Power Vs. Irrigation Vs. Livelihoods Vs. Flood control – Risk transfer? (Kosi Basin)

  • Decisions and Planning (fine tuning / value addition for DRR)

    • Top level (like EIA, financial allocations, Risk analysis, other Plans, etc.)

    • Local level (like LUPs, allocating lands, site clearance, etc.)


Eco drr
ECO DRR

  • UN-PEDRR (Partneship for Environment and DRR) has been collaborating with NIDM since 2010 (through UNEP Geneva)

  • NIDM participated in the PEDRR-organized International Workshop on Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction in Bonn, Germany in September 2010,

  • collaborated in delivering the first pilot PEDRR Training Course in Sri Lanka in May2011.

  • Following these initiatives, NIDM and PEDRR organized national / regional training in India.


Interdiciplinary Coordination






Education
Education development

  • School education

  • Basic college education

  • Higher education (educational training)

  • Non-formal education

    Higher Education:

  • Optional Course on DM at UG level (in all streams)

  • DM Specialization/elective at PG level in (1) environmental studies, and (2) social work (not MA/MSc in DM)

  • Safety/reliability engineering as elective course in Engineering

  • Emergency Medicine and Preventive-health in Medical Institutions

  • DRR law and policy – as elective/specialization in Law courses


Csr and issues for corporate sector
CSR and Issues for Corporate Sector development

  • CSR – CCA and DRR

  • Integrating Industrial/Chemical DM – with District DM Plan

    • Off-site EP Plan and DDMP

    • Integrating CCA-DRR-Env. Management-Urban Industrial Management = sustainability

  • Opportunities : Networking

  • NSC, ASSOCHAM, NIDM, NDMA and IIMs…



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