The catholic crisis
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The Catholic Crisis. Problems and Challenges of Late Middle Age Christendom. Babylonian Captivity (1309-76). French King (Philip the Fair) convinces Pope to move to Avignon Popes concentrated on administrative (not spiritual) matters Lived a life of luxury. Pope Returns to Rome.

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The Catholic Crisis

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The catholic crisis

The Catholic Crisis

Problems and Challenges of Late Middle Age Christendom


Babylonian captivity 1309 76

Babylonian Captivity (1309-76)

  • French King (Philip the Fair) convinces Pope to move to Avignon

  • Popes concentrated on administrative (not spiritual) matters

  • Lived a life of luxury


Pope returns to rome

Pope Returns to Rome

  • Gregory XI returns the Church to Rome

  • Death leads to the election of an Italian, Urban VI

  • Heavy-handed ways leads to a revolt by cardinals.


The great schism

The Great Schism

  • Cardinals elect Clement VII (French) & excommunicate Urban VI

  • Clement sets up in Avignon; Urban remains in Rome


Division of europe

Division of Europe

  • France

  • Scotland

  • Aragon

  • Castile

  • Portugal

  • England

  • Holy Roman Empire (loose)

  • Italian city-states (move to Clement)

Allied with Clement

Allied with Urban


Damage to the church

Damage to the Church

  • The Schism confused lay people

  • Opened the Church up to criticism

  • Weakened its hold on the people


Criticism of the church

Criticism of the Church

William of Occam

Marsiglio of Padua

John Wyclif

Jan Hus


William of occam marsiglio of padua

William of Occam & Marsiglio of Padua

  • Both argue

    • Separation of church and state

    • Pope should have limited powers

    • Church take a back-seat to state

  • Conciliarists

    • Power in hands of council, not pope alone


John wyclif

John Wyclif

  • Bible was the ultimate authority; not pope

  • Translated Bible to English

  • “Lollards” spread ideas and Bibles


Jan hus

Jan Hus

  • Criticized indulgences

  • Preached in Czech language in Bohemia

  • Increased Czech nationalism, forced a separation from Catholic church


Council at pisa 1409

Council at Pisa (1409)

  • Attempt to heal schism

  • Elect a new pope, but other two do not leave

    • Three popes!!!!


Council at constance 1414 1418

Council at Constance (1414-1418)

  • Meet to:

    • End schism

    • Reform church

    • End heresy

  • Execute Hus

  • End schism by electing new pope (Martin V)


Lay piety and mysticism

Lay Piety and Mysticism

  • Confraternities

    • Groups of lay people who took on the functions of the church

  • Mysticism

    • Intense religious feelings

    • Visions, “experiencing God”, the Holy Spirit, “Born Again”


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