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OFFENDER REENTRY: A PUBLIC SAFETY STRATEGY. Court Support Services Division. OFFENDER REENTRY: IMPROVING PUBLIC SAFETY. Probation Areas of Focus: Manageable Caseloads Programs and Treatment Warrant Service. OFFENDER “REENTRY”.

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offender reentry a public safety strategy

OFFENDER REENTRY: A PUBLIC SAFETY STRATEGY

Court Support Services Division

slide2

OFFENDER REENTRY: IMPROVING PUBLIC SAFETY

Probation Areas of Focus:

  • Manageable Caseloads
  • Programs and Treatment
  • Warrant Service
slide3

OFFENDER “REENTRY”

Strategies, programs and treatment that focus on preparing probationers to lead non-criminal lives in our local communities.

slide4

REENTRY THROUGH PROBATION SUPERVISION

  • There are approximately 57,000 offenders serving a term of probation.
  • There are approximately 11,500 split sentence cases currently under probation supervision.
  • In 2006, 5,400 offenders were placed on probation immediately following a period of incarceration.
slide5

REENTRY SERVICESEFFECTIVENESS

Research continues to demonstrate the importance of continuing supervision and treatment after an offender leaves prison in reducing recidivism (Simpson, et. al., 1999).

research findings ct probation transition program ptp
RESEARCH FINDINGS: CT PROBATION TRANSITION PROGRAM (PTP)

SOURCE: CENTRAL CONNECTICUT STATE UNIVERSITY 2006

Source: Central Connecticut State University (2006)

research findings ct probation transition program ptp7
RESEARCH FINDINGS:CT PROBATION TRANSITION PROGRAM (PTP)

Source: Central Connecticut State University (2006)

SOURCE: CENTRAL CONNECTICUT STATE UNIVERSITY 2006

slide9

COMMUNITY SUPERVISION

Manageable caseloads when coupled with quality client engagement and evidence-based treatment have been correlated with reductions in recidivism (Taxman, 2006).

slide10

WHAT IS AMANAGEABLE CASELOAD?

  • Who the probationer is
  • What we are asking our officers to do with the probationer
  • What we hope to accomplish

Manageable caseloads are determined by:

slide11

THE CHANGING FOCUS OF PROBATION SUPERVISION

Monitoring compliance with

supervision conditions

vs.

Monitoring compliance AND

facilitating behavior change

slide12

COMPONENTS OF EVIDENCE-BASED SUPERVISION

  • Assess risk, needs and strengths.
  • Evaluate and enhance motivation to change.
  • Target interventions.
  • Facilitate pro-social behavior.
  • Assess probationer improvement and behavior change.
slide13

CONNECTICUT

PROBATION OFFICER

FOCUS GROUP

“It’s not just about condition compliance, but addressing all client needs and issues. It takes much more time and energy.”

“The goal is not only seeing clients, the goal is to change their circumstances that contribute to their criminal behavior.”

slide15

CURRENT CASELOAD STANDARDS: THE PROBLEM

Caseloads reaching these levels make it extremely difficult to work individually with probationers to change behavior.

slide16

NON-INTENSIVE OFFICERS EXCEEDING CURRENT CASELOAD STANDARDS

Total Supervision Officers = 272

Number Exceeding Standard = 194

Percent Exceeding Standard = 71%

slide19

CASELOAD REDUCTION OUTCOMES

  • Lower recidivism
  • Reduced violations
  • Decreased victimization
  • Reduced incarceration
slide20

EFFECTIVE COMMUNITY SUPERVISION

Manageable caseloads when coupled with quality client engagement and evidence-based treatment have been correlated with reductions in recidivism (Taxman, 2006).

slide22

TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS

For nearly 20 years sound research on the effects of correctional treatment programs have consistently demonstrated positive effects on reduction of re-offending (Lipsey, etal, 1998).

slide23

PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS

The US Surgeon General, after an extensive survey of existing research concluded that well run correctional interventions and services for violent offenders are effective (US Surgeon General, 2001).

slide24

SPECIFIC PROGRAMEFFECTIVENESS

“Washington’s adult corrections system will be more successful in reducing recidivism rates if policy focuses on proven evidence-based approaches” (Washington State Institute for Public Policy, 2006).

Some Examples (% Reduction in Recidivism)

  • Intensive Supervision and Treatment (21.9%)
  • Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (8.2%-31.2%)
  • Drug Treatment in the Community (12.4%)
slide25

CONNECTICUT EVALUATION

“The results show that offenders who have high attendance at treatment sessions have lower arrests.” (Bogue, 2007).

slide26

JUDICIAL BRANCH PROGRAMS AND SERVICES

  • A significant network of programs exists, with challenges:
    • Geographical area service gaps
    • Wait lists for services
      • 508 clients on residential treatment wait list (11-27-2007)
      • Significant increase in Behavioral Health Services Referrals over the past 2 years
slide27

PROGRAM ANDTREATMENT NEEDS

  • Transitional and Supportive Housing
  • Mental Health Services
  • Intensive Outpatient Drug Treatment
  • Domestic Violence Programs
  • Sex Offender Services

In total the program expansion recommendations could serve up to 3,000 offenders annually.

slide29

PROBATION SANCTIONS

Sanctions for probation violations are more likely to be effective when they are prompt, consistent, and proportionate to the violation severity (Carey, 2005).

  • Graduated Sanctions
  • Violation of Probation Warrants
slide30

VIOLATION OF PROBATION WARRANT SERVICE DATA

  • Warrants served annually = 8,977
  • Present un-served warrants = 6,228
    • 70 percent of these warrants are more than one year old
    • Extensive field investigation required for many warrants
slide31

UNSERVED WARRANTS: POTENTIAL IMPACT

  • Undermines system integrity
  • Offenders are not being supervised
  • Re-offending behavior may continue
slide32

WARRANT SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Establish and staff Regional Probation Warrant Units.
  • Legislative initiatives
    • Detention of wanted persons
    • On-site arrest for violation of probation
    • Partnerships with federal and state agencies
slide33

A PUBLIC SAFETY STRATEGY

  • Reduce probation caseloads
  • Increase targeted treatment and specialized services
  • Improve warrant service
comprehensive evaluation of the three pronged approach to public safety
COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF THE THREE-PRONGED APPROACH TO PUBLIC SAFETY
  • Increased Satisfactory Completion of Probation Supervision
  • Reduction in Probation Violation
  • Reduction in Recidivism
  • Reduction in Prison and Jail Overcrowding
  • Cost Effectiveness
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