Nsw background studies
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NSW background studies. Max Bellomo, Nektarios Benekos, Niels van Eldik, Andrew Haas, Peter Kluit, Jochen Meyer, Felix Rauscher. Introduction. Summary of the results for three background studies: Overlay method Injection method Full pile up NSW simulation. NSW background modeling: overlay.

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NSW background studies

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Nsw background studies

NSW backgroundstudies

Max Bellomo, Nektarios Benekos, Niels van Eldik, Andrew Haas, Peter Kluit, Jochen Meyer, Felix Rauscher


Introduction

Introduction

Summary of the results for three background studies:

Overlay method

Injection method

Full pile up NSW simulation


Nsw background modeling overlay

NSW backgroundmodeling: overlay

Max Bellomo, Niels van Eldik, Andrew Haas, Jochen Meyer, Peter Kluit

Muons NSW 25 April, Simulation PP 22 April

Muon NSW 18 April


Overlay modeling

Overlay modeling

  • Details have been presented in the Simulation PP meeting

  • https://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=247906

  • Slides 5-7: TDR plot for EI occupancy @ 2.6e34 cm-2s-1

  • Contains now 100 events with each 10 events overlaid.

  • Backup material for the method:

  • Slides 809 Cross check Data-Data 2012: overlay of 3 times for run 206573 vs run 205010. Overlay of 3 times for run 206573 and comparison to run 205010 shows that on average the clusters multiplicities in the Inner wheel agree at the 20% level.

  • Slides 10-13 Other cross check plots:

  • Validation of the EM and EO rate with the overlay @ 5%

  • Limitations of the present software: CSC are a factor 1.4 too high


Mdt ei occupancy saturation and non linearity

MDT EI occupancy: saturation and non-linearity

Occupancy is the number of times a tube fires per event

For the overlay data (Zero Bias) is used.


Tdr text

TDR text

caption: a) The occupancy vs the MDT tube number for the EI chamber for Overlay data (black) and Zero Bias data scale up by a factor 10. b) The ratio of the Overlay to Zero Bias (x 10) occupancy vs MDT tube number.

A study has been performed overlaying events to determine the impact on the current EI detector. The overlay method is described in detail ATL-SOFT-SLIDE-2012-188.

Here 10 Zero Bias events are overlaid to produce 1 event. The Zero Bias events have been collected in 2012 with a dedicated trigger. The instantanuous luminosity corresponded to 2.6e33 cm-2s-1. The overlayed events correspond to the background one would expect for a luminosity of 2.6e34 cm-2s-1.


Tdr text1

TDR text

The results for this study are shown in Figure ~xxxx.

Only the EI MDT chambers closest to the beamline were selected.

The black curve corresponds to the Zero bias occupancy in these chambers detector averaged over the sectors and the two endcaps scaled up by a factor of 10.

The red curve the result of the overlay with 10 Zero bias events.

One can observe - in particular in the ratio plot - that the red curve does not scale to the black curve at high occupancies. At high tube nrs and low occupancies below 20% it does scale.

This effect is due to the fact that at high occupancy MDT hits get masked: the total number of hits will not scale linearly with the background level and saturation takes place.

This saturation effect that will lead to MDT hit efficiency losses is one of the reasons to replace the EI MDTs by the proposed NSW.


Data data 2012 cross check

Data-Data 2012 cross check


Data data 2012 cross check1

Data-Data 2012 cross check

Overlay of 3 times for run 206573 and comparison to run 205010 shows that on average the clusters multiplicities in the Inner wheel agree at the 20% level.

The scale factor for the MDT = 1.22 the TGC 1.27 and the CSC 0.97. The numbers are dominated by systematic errors that are at the level of 20%.


Mdt em occupancy

MDT EM occupancy:

Occupancy is the number of times a tube fires per event

Here –as expected - no saturation is observed. The ratio should go to 1-occupancy = 0.85. This is indeed observed


Mdt eo occupancy

MDT EO occupancy:

Here –as expected - no saturation is observed. The ratio should go to 1-occupancy = 0.95. This is indeed observed.

Conclusion: Overlay method in MDT Endcaps is OK at the 5% level.


Csc phi occupancy

CSC phi occupancy:

Here a discrepancy is found: the overlay produces a 40% too much background.


Csc eta occupancy

CSC eta occupancy:

Conclusion: Overlay method for the CSC produces about 40% too much background in eta and phi.


Nsw background modeling hits and segment injection

NSW backgroundmodeling: hits and segment Injection

Niels van Eldik, Peter Kluit, Felix Rauscher

Muon NSW 26 April 2013 e.g.


Introduction1

Introduction

  • Method: use the injection of hits segments in the Inner wheel for the estimation of the background

  • This is done in three steps:

  • 1) Validate and parametrize the hits and segments MDTs and TGCs in the Inner wheel using the high mu single bunch run. No out of time pile up is present here. Sim hits are produced and run though the standard digitization and analyzed.

  • 2) Apply time wrapping +- 40 BCs to these hits and segments and compare this to the backgrounds in the Z mumu period D data. This is a crucial test of the injection method. Note that the Z data doesnot only contain pile up but also cavern background.

  • 3) Simulate these hits and segments in the NSW detectors using a 25 nsec bunch spacing. The generated Sim hits are run through the fast digitization for the NSW detectors and analyzed.


Cross checks step 1 tgc clusters

Cross checks step 1TGC clusters

Note the target for Data/MC is 0.5

Because only 1 endcap is simulated

In step 2 the TGC will increased by a factor of 3


Cross checks step 1 mdt clusters tgc confirmed

Cross checks step 1MDT clusters / TGC confirmed

In step 2 the TGC will increased by a factor of 3


Cross checks step 1 mdt segment clusters

Cross checks step 1MDT segment clusters

Conclusions: reasonable description of the in time pile up in the MDTs and TGCs both for high and low cluster multiplicities.

A more quantitative statement will be given at the next step.


Cross checks step ii tgc clusters

Cross checks step IITGC clusters

Here time wrapping +- 40 BC is applied and the “SimInjection” data is compared to the Z data that includes pile up and cavern background

Note the target for Data/MC is 0.5

Because only 1 endcap is simulated

TGC rate is 0.39/0.5 = 0.78


Cross checks step 1i mdt clusters tgc confirmed

Cross checks step 1IMDT clusters / TGC confirmed

MDT cluster rate is too low:

0.148/0.5 = 0.30


Cross checks step 1i mdt segment clusters

Cross checks step 1IMDT segment clusters

Cluster segment rate is too low by a factor:

0.443/0.5 = 0.88


Conclusions from step 1 2

Conclusions from step 1-2

  • The injection method: works reasonably

  • The step 2 test shows that:

  • TGC injected clusters are OK at the 20% level

  • MDT injected segments rates are OK at the 20% level

  • However the MDT clusters rate are about a factor 3 too low

  • This could be due to the presence of cavern background


Nsw background modeling simulations pile up vs injection

NSW backgroundmodeling: Simulations Pile up vs Injection

Nektarios Benekos, Niels van Eldik, Peter Kluit, Felix Rauscher

Muon NSW 12 May 2013


Introduction2

Introduction

  • The results of two NSW simulations will be compared.

  • Full pile up simulation chain with new NSW detectors and fast digitisation. The sample was generated by Nektarios: sLHC, pileups ~120 to 140 with 25ns bunch spacing

  • /eos/atlas/user/n/nectar/NSW/PileUpProduction_sLHC/MC12.107209.ParticleGenerator_dimu_Pt10_100.atlasG4.0001/

  • See also: https://indico.cern.ch/getFile.py/access?contribId=7&resId=0&materialId=slides&confId=248974

  • This corresponds – my calculation - to a luminosity of 3e34 cm-2s-1.

  • In the plots sample 1) is scaled to a luminosity of 2.6e34 cm-2s-1.


Introduction3

Introduction

  • The second sample is:

  • 2) The hit and segment Injection method. Background hits and segments are added in the Inner wheel using a 25 nsec bunch spacing. The injected background is increased by a factor of 10 (wrt the 2012 period D data), it corresponds a luminosity of 2.6e34 cm-2s-1. The samples was produced by Felix.

  • wget http://pcphmpi00/NSW_production/download_all.sh [pcphmpi00]

  • bash download_all.sh NOTE: this works only in the CERN network.

  • The files with 1x the background are

  • digi_rt1_evt*.nSW_DigitizationOutput.pool.root ant the ones with 10x the

  • background are digi_rt01_evt*.nSW_DigitizationOutput.pool.root

  • In both cases the generated Sim hits are run through the fast

  • digitization for the NSW detectors and analyzed.

  • In the fast digitization the energy thresholds for the sTgc and

  • MicroMegas were put to the value of 1 MeV.


Comparison pileup vs injection mdt and micromegas

Comparison PileUp vs InjectionMDT and MicroMegas

NSW layout

EI MDTs:

the |eta|>2 chambers on the Inner wheel

The MDTs and CSC near beamline are replaced by MM and sTgc


Comparison pileup vs injection stgcs

Comparison PileUp vs InjectionsTGCs


Occupancy pileup

Occupancy PileUp

STgc only for current BC

MM assumes

four strips firing per gasgap


Occupancy injection

Occupancy Injection

Odd shape for MicroMegas

Bug that shifts the strip nr for odd/even chambers


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Results for two methods for the occupancy of the NSW

  • Detectors.

  • The injection method predicts rates that are about 30% to

  • 60% higher than the Full Sim.

  • Maximum occupancy @ luminosity of 2.6e34 cm-2s-1:

  • Micromegas 4%

  • sTGC pads 1%

  • sTGC strips 0.4%

  • sTGC wires 0.8%

  • The systematic uncertainty on these numbers is rather large

  • because – mainly because they should include cavern

  • background and the singles that are difficult to predict.

  • A safety factor 3-4 is probably reasonable (see also slide 22).

  • These numbers could be quoted in the TDR.

  • Both the Pile Up and the Injection samples can be used for

  • e.g. NSW segment or track reconstruction studies in a high

  • background environment.


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