How Successful were Mao’s Agricultural policies?. Noel Dube 12R. The Reform of Agriculture. Land reform was a policy introduced to go along with Mao’s industrialization plans Not enough people working in urban areas N ot enough food being produced to feed people working in urban areas
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How Successful were Mao’s Agricultural policies?
Noel Dube 12R
“the voice of scientific truth”
He developed techniques that would result in yields 16 times better than using traditional methods
Mao’s 8 point agricultural constitution based on Lysenko’s theories
The Great Famine:
Life had been disturbed too much by collectivization, famine couldn’t be prevented
Forced labor camps had to be expanded to take in the starving peasants who fell afoul of the authorities
Hundreds of thousands (possibly millions) starved to death in these camps)
50 million people died throughout China
Cases of cannibalism, slavery in exchange of food, and prostitution were common
Provinces with the highest death tolls
This essentially represented the unspoken failure of the commune system
Mao’s pursuit of his instructions regarding the collectivization of the peasants, and his mistaken notions of science that lead to the death of millions.
Mao felt his reputation had been hurt so he retreated from public view, leaving the crisis in the hands of Liu and Deng.
Impact of the Great Famine
“arc of misery”
Why was it so severe?
Disorientation of the peasants
Lushan conference suppressed the truth
Refusal of officials to admit scale of hunger
Mao’s refusal to face facts
A conspiracy of silence