Helping advisees become critical thinkers
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HELPING ADVISEES BECOME CRITICAL THINKERS. Stephen Brookfield Distinguished University Professor, University of St. Thomas www.stephenbrookfield.com Tweet: #tc5815. Who I am as an Advisor. Very much framed by my experiences as an advisee & student Poor exam performances

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HELPING ADVISEES BECOME CRITICAL THINKERS

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Helping advisees become critical thinkers

HELPING ADVISEES BECOME CRITICAL THINKERS

Stephen Brookfield

Distinguished University Professor,

University of St. Thomas

www.stephenbrookfield.com

Tweet: #tc5815


Who i am as an advisor

Who I am as an Advisor

  • Very much framed by my experiences as an advisee & student

  • Poor exam performances

  • Trusting my Advisor


Someone who thinks critically can

Someone Who Thinks Critically Can …

  • Identify Assumptions Informing Thoughts & Actions

  • Check Assumptions for Accuracy & Validity

  • View Ideas & Actions from Alternative Perspectives

  • Take Informed Action


Examples

Examples

  • Depression – caught in Patriarchy

  • Leadership – “we are all leaders”

  • Advisement – listening

  • Advisement – responsiveness

  • Meetings – Circle

  • Racism – I’m a good White


Types of assumptions

Types of Assumptions

  • CAUSAL – A circle creates a relaxed climate for participation that makes peers feel respected & equalizes power

  • PRESCRIPTIVE – Good advisors model careful listening & create a relaxed environment

  • PARADIGMATIC – I can control the relationship / can determine what happens


What do students say most helps them think critically modeling

What do students say most helps them think critically? - MODELING

  • Advisors (& teachers) model the process of clarifying & checking their own assumptions

  • Talking out loud why they are asking certain questions, focusing on certain information, & how they see students’ problems

  • Providing examples & analogs from their own experience that parallel the student’s

  • Having 2 or more advisors conduct a critical conversation about a problem they have


What do students say most helps them think critically questioning

What do students say most helps them think critically? - QUESTIONING

  • Questions that demonstrate the advisor is trying to see a problem situation in the way the student is experiencing it

  • Questions that develop organically – arise out of earlier comments from advisee

  • Questions that are open-ended, ‘Clearness Committee’ questions – you don’t know the answer & learn along with the advisee

  • Questions that encourage the advisee to recognize & check her own assumptions


What do students say most helps them think critically peer feedback

What do students say most helps them think critically? – PEER FEEDBACK

  • Small groups of peers who have similar problems & experiences

  • “I’m not alone / not crazy”

  • “I’m not an impostor”

  • “My cultural suicide fears are normal & predictable”

  • “My emotional crashes are shared – roadrunning”


So what should we remember

So What Should We Remember?

  • Model for advisees how we think critically about OUR problems & experiences – not just theirs

  • Try to ask questions that are open ended, organic, & show we’re listening carefully

  • Create & encourage peer group communication, networks, communities


Resources

RESOURCES

  • www.stephenbrookfield.com - STEAL!!

  • Teaching for Critical Thinking (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2012)

  • The Skillful Teacher (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass,2006)


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