We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction
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We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction: PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction:. Sexual Orientation. An enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own gender or the other gender. Percentage, brothers and cities. How is Sexual Orientation Determined.

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We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction:

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We have discussed the energizing of sexual motivation but have yet to discuss its direction:

Sexual Orientation

An enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own gender or the other gender.

Percentage, brothers and cities


How is Sexual Orientation Determined

  • There has been NO evidence that sexuality is socially determined.

  • Kids raised by gay parents are no more likely to be gay than if they were raised by hetero parents.

  • This it is likely biologically determined.


The Brain

  • Simon LeVay discovered that there is a cluster of cells in the hypothalamus that is larger in heterosexual men than in heterosexual women or homosexual men.


Prenatal Environment

  • Current research seems to point to the hormonal levels in the prenatal environment.

  • We have created homosexual male fruit flies and lesbian sheep!!!


Achievement MotivationWhat motivates us to work?(School, job, sports, video games, relationships etc..)

Intrinsic Motivators

Extrinsic Motivators

Reward that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves (grades or money or etc..)

Work great in the short run.

  • Rewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or satisfaction.


Management TheoryManagement/Teaching styles relate closely to Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivators.

Theory X

Theory Y

Managers believe that employees are internally motivated to do good work and policies should encourage this internal motive.

Interested in Maslow’s higher needs.

  • Managers believes that employees will work only if rewarded with benefits or threatened with punishment.

  • Think employees are Extrinsically Motivated.

  • Only interested in Maslow’s lower needs.


When Motives Conflict

  • approach-approach conflict

  • avoidance-avoidance conflict

  • approach-avoidance conflict

  • Multiple approach-avoidance conflicts


Emotion

  • Willam James and Carl Lange came up with the James-Lange Theory of Emotion.

  • We feel emotion because of biological changes caused by stress.

  • The body changes and our mind recognizes the feeling.


Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion

  • Say James-Lange theory is full of crap.

  • How can that be true if similar physiological changes correspond with drastically different emotional states.

  • The physiological change and cognitive awareness must occur simultaneously.

  • They believed it was the thalamus that helped this happen.


Two-Factor Theory of Emotion

  • Stanley Schachter explains emotions more completely that the other two theories.

  • They happen at the same time but…

  • People who are already physiologically aroused experience more intense emotions than unaroused people when both groups are exposed to the same stimuli.

  • Biology and Cognition interact with each other to increase the experience.


Stress

  • Social readjustment rating scale (SRRS)

  • Life Changing Units (LCUs)- marriage, change job, etc…

  • The more LCUs you have the higher your score is on the SRRS.

  • Those who score higher are more likely to have stress related disease.


Seyle’s General Adaptation Syndrome

  • Describes our response to a stressful event.

  • Three stages

  • Alarm

  • Resistance

  • Exhaustion


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