Periodic table
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 85

ตารางธาตุ (Periodic table) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 227 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

ตารางธาตุ (Periodic table). By Dr.Jutatip Namahoot. เนื้อหา. การจัดหมวดหมู่และความสัมพันธ์กับ การจัดเรียงอิเล็กตรอน แนวโน้มของสมบัติตามตารางธาตุเบื้องต้น. X = element symbol A = Mass number (เลขมวล) = n+p Z = Atomic number ( เลขอะตอม) = p. History of the Periodic Table.

Download Presentation

ตารางธาตุ (Periodic table)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Periodic table

(Periodic table)

By Dr.Jutatip Namahoot


Periodic table

X = element symbol

A = Mass number () = n+p

Z = Atomic number () = p


History of the periodic table

History of the Periodic Table

  • .. 18 Antoine Lavoisier 23

  • .. 1870 65

  • .. 1925 23

  • > 118


History of the periodic table1

History of the Periodic Table

  • .. 1817 Johann Wolfgang Dbereiner

  • 3

Triad


History of the periodic table2

History of the Periodic Table

Example

Johann Wolfgang Dbereiner


History of the periodic table3

History of the Periodic Table

  • .. 1865John Newlands Law of Octaves

  • 8 1 ( H, noble gas)

  • Cl


Periodic table

History of the Periodic Table

.. 1969-1970

Julius Lothar Meyer Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev


Periodic table

History of the Periodic Table


Periodic table


Periodic table


Periodic table


Periodic table

  • (periods) 7

  • (groups) 18


Periodic table

(representative elements) IA-VIIIA

s-block elements IA, IIA

p-block elements IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VIIA O

(transition elements) IB VIIIB

d-block elements IIIB IIB

( IIB d )


Periodic table

(inner transition elements)

(lanthanides)

(actinides)

.......f-block elements


Periodic table

IA: (alkali metals)

IIA: (alkaline earth metals)

VIA: chalcogens

VIIA: (halogens)

VIIIA: (noble gases)


Periodic table

  • :


Periodic table

  • Ionization energy

  • Electronegativity

  • Electron Affinity


Periodic table

(Atomic size)


Periodic table

  • n

  • (n) e-


Periodic table

  • e- n


Periodic table

(Atomic radius)


Periodic table


Periodic table


Periodic table

  • Ion + e-

  • Ion- e-

  • e- (isoelectronic series)

    O2- > F- > Na+ > Mg2+ > Al3+


Periodic table

Ionization Energy

(Ionization energy) e-


Periodic table

Ionization Energy (IE)

  • (IE1) e-

    • Na(g) Na+(g) + e-

  • (IE2) e- +1

    • Na+(g) Na2+(g) + e-

  • e-


  • Periodic table

    Ionization Energy(IE)


    Periodic table

    Ionization Energy(IE)

    IE

    • e-

      IE1

    • e-


    Periodic table

    Ionization Energy (IE)

    e-


    Periodic table

    Ionization Energy (IE)

    • IE1 Be > B

      Be 1s2 2s2 B 1s2 2s2 2p1

      IE1 N > O

      N 1s2 2s2 2p3 O 1s2 2s2 2p4


    Periodic table

    Ionization Energy (IE)

    Ionization energy e- e-


    Periodic table

    Ionization Energy (IE)


    Periodic table

    Electronegativity(EN)

    (Electroneganivity, EN) e-


    Periodic table

    Electronegativity(EN)


    Periodic table

    Electronegativity(EN)


    Periodic table

    Electron Affinity (EA)

    (Electron Affinity, EA) e- 1 1


    Periodic table

    Electron Affinity(EA)

    EA (EA ) (EA )

    Be(g) + e- Be-(g) EA = 241 kJ/mol

    Cl(g) + e- Cl-(g) EA = -348 kJ/mol


    Periodic table

    Electron Affinity (EA)


    Periodic table

    Electron Affinity (EA)


    Periodic table

    (Density)

    (Melting point) (Boiling point)


    Periodic table

    • s d f p

    • N, O, Cl N2, O2, Cl2

    • VIIIA


    Periodic table

    ()


    Periodic table

    • e-

    • e-


    Periodic table

    -

    -

    -

    -


    Periodic table

    Density


    Periodic table

    Density

    • Be > Li, Ti > Ca


    Periodic table

    Density

    • 1A ()


    Periodic table

    Density

    K( 39) Rb( 85) 203 216 pm

    Rb


    Periodic table

    Density


    Periodic table

    Melting point


    Melting point

    Melting point


    Periodic table

    Melting point

    • -

    • -

    • -

    • Na > K > Rb


    Periodic table

    Melting point

    -

    F < Cl < Br < I


    Periodic table

    Melting point


    Periodic table

    • e-

    • T

    • T

    • e-


    Periodic table

    :

    • S IA IIA +1 +2


    Periodic table

    p, d, f

    • IIIA( p) +1, +3

    • d, f e-


    Periodic table

    -

    • Oxide and Hydroxide

    • Hydride


    Periodic table

    Oxide and Hydroxide

    • (Oxide) : -2 ( -1 -1/2)

    • (Hydroxide) : OH -1

    • M(OH)n M O EN


    Periodic table

    Oxide and Hydroxide

    • M-O


    Periodic table

    ( (Au,Pd,Pt))

    3 ,


    Periodic table

    4Li(s) + O2(g) 2Li2O(s)

    2Na(s) + O2(g) Na2O2(g)

    K(s) + O2(g) KO2(s)

    IA

    2-

    -

    -1/2


    Periodic table

    -

    CaO + H2O Ca(OH)2

    3

    Na2O MgO Al2O3 SiO2 P2O5 SO3 Cl2O7

    NaOH Mg(OH)2 Al(OH)3 SiO2 .xH2O H3PO4 H2SO4 HClO4

    /


    Periodic table

    + (H,O )

    CO2(g) + H2O(l) H2CO3(aq)

    B Si


    Periodic table

    -

    • N2O5 (HNO3)

    • P4O10 ( H3PO4)

    • As4O10 (H3AsO4)

    • Sb4O6 Sb2O3

    • Bi2O3


    Periodic table

    -

    +1 +3 +5 +7

    HOCl < HClO2<HClO3< HClO4

    +4 +6

    H2SO3 < H2SO4


    Periodic table

    Be, Al, Ga, Sn, Pb

    IA IIA IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA


    Periodic table

    -

    IA

    IA

    VIIA

    VIIA


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    • (Hydride):


    Periodic table

    2Li(l) + H2(g) 2LiH(s)

    2LiH(s) + H2O(l) Li OH (s) + H2(g)

    H2 (IA) (IIA)


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    • 1. M+ H- S Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Ca, Sr, Ba

    • H- e-

    • B2H6 + 2LiH LiBH4

    • Lewis acidLewis base


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    2)


    Periodic table

    H2(g) + Cl2(g) 2HCl(g)

    HCl(s) + H2O(l) H3O+ (s) + Cl-(g)

    H2

    () ; HCl, HBr, HI, H2S H2Te


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    3) () M H p


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    1) EN M H H+

    2) M-H M M ()

    3) H H+


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    • M

    • EN

      NH3 < H2O < HF


    Periodic table

    Hydride

    2 3

    HF > HCl > HBr > HI

    pKa 3 -7 -9 -10

    Ka 10-3 107 109 1010

    • HF H-F HF HCl, HBr, HI


    Periodic table

    -

    (H-)

    (H+)

    s

    p


    Periodic table

    -

    IA IIA IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA


    Periodic table

    ,

    ,

    Be,Mg,InTl


    Periodic table

    EA,IE,EN,,

    , , ,


  • Login