World Literature. English 3, Fall Semester. India. Hinduism began in prehistoric India and is one of the oldest religions in the world. Practiced long before it was finally recorded in what are now called the sacred writings. The Writings.
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English 3, Fall Semester
Kshatriyas: rulers of the warrior class
Vaisyas: merchants and professionals
Sudras: laborers and servants
Untouchables: no longer to exist, but people are still discriminated againstFour Main Varnas
Vishnu: preserver of the universe
Shiva: is its destroyer
Shiva’s wife (Durga, Kali, Parvati, or Uma) can be worshipped and feared and is considered more important than even the higher male godsBeliefs in different gods
An excerpt from the Laws of Manu