Raising livestock on limited acreage
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Raising Livestock on Limited Acreage. Christine Kelly-Begazo Agriculture Agent. Your Dream Farm. Weed-free pastures Well-stocked barn Cute, cuddly animals Happy children doing chores Lemonade on the veranda. Jonde Lane Farm B&B, Manheim, PA. Only in……. Your dreams! Farmville

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Raising Livestock on Limited Acreage

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Raising livestock on limited acreage

Raising Livestock on Limited Acreage

Christine Kelly-Begazo

Agriculture Agent


Your dream farm

Your Dream Farm

  • Weed-free pastures

  • Well-stocked barn

  • Cute, cuddly animals

  • Happy children doing

    chores

  • Lemonade on the

    veranda

Jonde Lane Farm B&B, Manheim, PA.


Only in

Only in……

  • Your dreams!

  • Farmville

  • Facebook


Reality is

Reality is….

  • Dirty, hard work

  • Little free time

  • Stressful, little control

  • Narrow profit margin

  • Animals die, or have to die

  • Significant other is not enthusiastic

  • Your children hate it!

Photos taken from Flickr.com


Still interested

Stillinterested?

  • Beforeyoubuyyourfirst animal…

    • Set realisticgoals

    • Why do youwantthis?

      - is thisfor $, self-sufficiency or pleasure

    • What are yourprioritiesforquality of life?

      - Enjoyfarmingduring free time?

      - Can you “harvest” animals?

    • What is yourlifephilosophy (“Big Picture”)

      - Environmentalism

      - Foodsecurity


Do your research

Do Your Research

  • Learn everything possible about your product

    • Growing and feeding

    • Processing and dressing

    • Packaging and labeling

    • Marketing and preparing


Other issues to consider

Other Issues to Consider

  • Are you zoned for livestock activity?

  • Will your neighbors mind?

  • Distance to nearest feedstore or farm supply store?

  • Are there consumers/buyers?

  • Are there any other producers?

  • Where is the nearest processor?

  • Is your target market close?

  • Can you sell legally?


What are the laws

What are the Laws?

  • Zoning & ordinances

  • Processing

    • USDA

    • State Health

    • Market system requirements

  • Labeling

  • Legal to sell

    • EGGS


Niche marketing

Niche Marketing

  • Free range

  • Guaranteed tender

  • Locally produced

  • Ethnic foods

  • Custom slaughter

  • Organic

  • Sustainable

  • Pasture fed

  • Corn fed

  • Hormone free

Cartoonstock.com


Livestock choices

Livestock Choices

Traditional

Non-traditional

Llamas

Alpacas

Ostrich

Emus

Buffalo

Guinea pig

Gator

  • Hogs

  • Chickens

  • Goats

  • Horses

  • Cattle

  • Sheep

  • Rabbits


Major considerations for animal production

Major Considerations for Animal Production

Biggest issues


Space requirements stocking rates

Space Requirements(Stocking Rates)

  • 3 acres per cow

  • 3 acres per horse

  • 1 acre per 6 ewes /goats

  • Ewes and lambs / 20 sq’

  • 30” x 36”x18” rabbit cage for medium breed

    Note: Space requirements differ and careful evaluation needs to be made prior to developing a business plan


For example

For Example

  • 100 cows = 300 acres

  • 3 cows = 10 acres

  • 100 calves = 50 acres

  • 100 goats = 16 acres

  • 3 horses = 9 acres

  • 100 sheep = 16 acres

  • 100 rabbits = 900 sq’


Mini s vs regular size

Mini’s vs. Regular Size

  • Generally not considered “real” livestock

  • Cute, but actual production?

    • Is there a market/consumer for product?

  • Goals for having them on site

  • Same production requirements, just less

    • Less space, less feed, same vet bill, same set of management skills


Recordkeeping

Recordkeeping

  • Inicial Outlay

    • Land, stock, fencing, bldgs, equipment

  • Labor

    • YOUR time, volunteers, family & friends

  • Production

    • Reproduction, weight gains

  • Sales/Income

  • Inventory


Factors that hinder production success

Factors That Hinder Production & Success


Poultry

Poultry

  • Easiest animal to start out with

  • From chick to production is quick

  • Relatively quiet for neighbors (no roosters)

  • Meat and egg production

    • Many different breeds

      • conventional, heritage, fancies

    • Traditional farms used

      dual-purpose


  • Limiting factors affecting

    Limiting Factors Affecting $$

    • Predators

    • # of laying boxes

    • Area per bird

    • Parasites

    • Inadequate nutrition

    • Lack of water

    • Genetics

    • Age of animal


    Rabbits

    Rabbits

    • Easy animal to start out with

    • Small, medium and large breeds

      • Meat, fur, hair, show

    • Positive nutritional factors for meat

    • Age to market weight is quick

    • Reproduction is rapid

    • Easiest to feed


    Limiting factors affecting1

    Limiting Factors Affecting $$

    • Poor breeding stock

      • Lack of mothering skills

    • Time to breeding age

    • Illness in the herd

      • Poor hygiene

    • Old or contaminated feed

    • Lack of water or food

    • Overheating


    Limiting factors con t

    Limiting Factors (con’t)

    • Predators

    • Lack of market base

    • Lack of harvest facilities

      • Location and transportation

    • Inability to harvest

    • USDA regulations

    • Packaging & marketing


    Goats sheep

    Goats/Sheep

    • Meat, dairy, hair, and wool breeds

    • Smaller animal = more animals/acre

    • More efficient use of pasture/browse

    • Reproduction is adequate

    • Increasing demand with ethnic markets

    • Niche market for wool with weavers


    Limiting factors affecting2

    Limiting Factors Affecting $$

    • Fencing, fencing & more fencing

    • Milk production is labor intensive

    • Limited legal market for milk

    • Lack of harvesting facilities

    • Lack of shearing capabilities

    • Parasites!


    Swine

    Swine

    • Not very popular in Florida

      • Except with 4-H & FFA

      • Wild hogs

    • Limited market

      • Strong midwestern industry

    • Lack of harvesting facilities

      • For more than just a few

    • Fun to pasture


    Cattle

    Cattle

    • Meat and dairy breeds

    • Homesteading self-sufficiency

      • Integrated farming system

    • Relatively easy to feed

    • Cow/calf operations

    • Can produce milk & meat

      with minatures but…


    Limiting factors affecting3

    Limiting Factors Affecting $$

    • Need larger tract of land

    • Transportation and fuel costs

    • Larger animal harder to control

    • Longer time to harvest or sell

    • Increased costs of hay and feed

    • Dairy industry is heavily regulated

      • “Pet consumption only”


    Horses

    Horses

    • Great sink of money

    • Need good quality pasture

    • Not necessarily considered agriculture production

    • Important for ag exemption

      • “Greenbelt”

      • Check with property appraiser’s office


    Exotics

    Exotics

    • Have to get in on the beginning of the industry

    • Money made via a pyramid factor

    • Selling the breeding animals is how you make the big money

    • Little $ is made on the actual herd or product

    • NOT recommended!


    In conclusion

    In Conclusion

    • Livestock can be raised for fun and for profit

    • Should develop a thought out business plan

    • Profit margins are generally lower with livestock

    • Consider your location to feedstores, processors and consumers

    • Niche markets can be profitable for specialized products

    • Gain experience by raising small numbers before investing heavily


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