Personal pronouns
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Personal Pronouns. Personal Pronouns. Words that take the place of a noun (person, place, thing, idea) Different forms according to how they are used in a sentence Their function/use determines which form or case will be used in a sentence

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Personal Pronouns

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Personal pronouns

Personal Pronouns


Personal pronouns1

Personal Pronouns

  • Words that take the place of a noun (person, place, thing, idea)

  • Different forms according to how they are used in a sentence

  • Their function/use determines which form or case will be used in a sentence

  • Three cases of personal pronouns: nominative, objective, possessive


Nominative

NOMINATIVE

Singular

  • 1st person: I

  • 2nd person: You

  • 3rd person: He, She, It

Plural

  • 1st person: We

  • 2nd person: You

  • 3rd person: They


Objective

OBJECTIVE

Singular

  • 1st person: Me

  • 2nd person: You

  • 3rd person: Him, Her, It

Plural

  • 1st person: Us

  • 2nd person: You

  • 3rd person: Them


Possessive

POSSESSIVE

Singular

  • 1st person: My, Mine

  • 2nd person: Your, Yours

  • 3rd person: His, Hers, Its

Plural

  • 1st person: Our, Ours

  • 2nd person: Your, Yours

  • 3rd person: Theirs


Nominative1

NOMINATIVE

  • Needed when the personal pronoun is used as (1) the SUBJECT of a verb or as a (2) PREDICATE NOMINATIVE

  • Ex: I like cheesecake. (I is the subject of the verb like.)

  • The captains of the chess team are he and I. (He and I are the predicate nominatives, renaming captain.)

  • Predicate nominative: word/group of words that is in the predicate (tells something about the subject) and that identifies the subject or refers to it.


Side note

Side Note*

  • Predicate nominative: word/group of words that is in the predicate (tells something about the subject) and that identifies the subject or refers to it.

    Ex: The winners should have been they. (They refers to the subject winners.) Sounds weird, right?!

    What a fine speaker you are! (Speaker identifies the subject you.)

    Notice: Typically, predicate nominative follows a linking verb.


Objective1

OBJECTIVE

  • Used when the personal pronoun is (1) the DIRECT OBJECT of a verb, (2) and INDIRECT OBJECT of a verb, or (3) the OBJECT of a PREPOSITION

  • Ex 1: The little boy hit her with a rock. (Her is the direct object of the verb hit.)

  • Ex. 2:John gave her candy for Valentine’s Day. (Her is the indirect object of the verb gave; candy is the direct object.)

  • Ex. 3: John gave the candy to her. (Her is the object of the preposition to.)


Dos and ios

DOs and IOs

  • Direct objects: nouns, pronouns, or word groups that tell WHO(M) or WHAT receives the action of a transitive verb (verb that has an object or receives action)

    Ex: I took my sister to see a movie. (I took WHOM? Sister.)

  • Indirect objects: noun, pronoun, or word group that often appears in sentences containing direct objects; often tells TO WHOM or FOR WHOM or TO WHAT or FOR WHAT

    Ex: Margie read us her report. (Margie read what (DO)? Report. To whom (IO)? Us.)

    Phillip left you this message. (Phillip left it for whom (IO)? You.)


Personal pronouns

OPs

  • Object of the preposition: Noun or pronoun (not a verb!) that follows a preposition

    Ex: A koala is a marsupial with an external abdominal pouch. (Pouch is the object of the preposition with.)


Possessive1

POSSESSIVE

  • Show possession/ownership; never use an apostrophe!! Can function in the same way that nominative and objective pronouns are used, or used to modify nouns/pronouns.

    Ex: This is your key. (Your modifies key.)

    The car is hers. (Hers is the predicate nominative.)


Is this sentence correct

Is this sentence correct?

  • These are they.


It is

IT IS!!

  • They is the predicate nominative of these

    Now, get to work, son!


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