Education in post war afghanistan
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Education in Post-War Afghanistan. Presented by Paul Lozowicki. History & Overview. A predominately Islamic country in the M iddle East Has a population of 31.8 million, 42.3% below the age of 14 15 th least developed country in the world Taliban in power from 1996-2001

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Education in Post-War Afghanistan

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Education in post war afghanistan

Education in Post-War Afghanistan

Presented by Paul Lozowicki


History overview

History & Overview

  • A predominately Islamic country in the Middle East

  • Has a population of 31.8 million, 42.3% below the age of 14

  • 15th least developed country in the world

  • Talibanin power from 1996-2001

  • The Taliban enforced Sharia law during its reign

  • After the 2001 Terrorist Attacks, the U.S. overthrew the Taliban government and the Karzai administration took control

  • Taliban still holds power in some regions and militant attacks continue today


Taliban s education system

Taliban’s Education System

  • 1.2 million were educated in Madrasas

    • Islamic education for boys

  • The Taliban restricted education for females

    • Sought to prevent cross-gender contact

    • Female teachers and professors were laid off

  • Still working to prevent girls fromgoing to school today

  • In 2012, tried to assassinate MalalaYousafzai


The need to improve

The Need to Improve

  • Literacy rate of 34% (50% for men, 18% for women)

  • Children who are not in school engagein dangerous forms of child laborand illegal activities

    • Opium production, agriculture, militias

  • Socio-cultural norms solidified by the Taliban and years of poor education need to be changed for equality.

  • Education has a great impact both on one’s health and the economy.


Effects on health

Effects on Health

  • Afghanistan has a high infant mortality rate of 10.1%

  • Child malnutrition runs rampant in rural areas

    • Many children are dependent on a school’s meal program for proper nutrition

  • Basic education can help children and families stay healthy

    • Sanitation and proper maternal care

  • Schools become health centers of communities, and children can often receive treatment at schools.


Effects on the economy

Effects on the Economy

  • GDP Per Capita: ~$1,000 (2011)

  • Unemployment: 38% (2008)

  • A higher education leads to higher paying jobs, allowing families to escape poverty

  • As the agricultural sector shifts crops, new farming and planting techniques need to be acquired.

  • Afghanistan is moving towards more service industries

    • Need education to build own sources of revenue

  • Increased literacy rate enables people to think on their own

    • Women can partake in a new society


Rebuilding the system

Rebuilding the System

  • Since 2002, Afghanistan has received more than $100 billion from USAID (Congress has appropriated another $16.5 billion)

  • Foreign aid has resulted in large gains in areas of health and education, although Afghanistan was starting from a low base.

  • 4,000 new schools with 175,000 new teachers

  • Nearly 50% of children are receiving a primary and secondary education. That is approximately 10 million students


Obstacles to education growth

Obstacles to Education Growth

  • Corruption is wide spread throughout the government

    • Ranked 175/177 in the Corruption Perceptions Index

    • Officials have used foreign aid to live lavish lifestyles

    • Corruption prevents aid from reaching those who need it most – the people, especially the people in rural villages.

    • Integrity of school buildings and security

  • Corruption amongst school officials

  • Insurgent attacks on Schools harm children and instill fear

  • Women can be ostracized from their villages or families for attending school in cities.

  • Low marriage age


Further development

Further Development

  • Afghanistan needs to direct funds to building institutions of higher education

  • Give aid to students so that they may attend those institutions

  • Higher wages for teachers to reduce local corruption

  • Further decentralize, yet strengthen the power of, the Ministry of Education

  • More women need to be trained as teachers

    • Currently 31% of teachers are women

  • Crack down on insurgency to ensure the safety of children

    • Provide security for schools


Sources

Sources

  • http://www.usaid.gov/afghanistan/education

  • http://www.who.int/countries/afg/en/

  • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html

  • http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/ED/pdf/Afghanistan.pdf

  • http://www.unicefusa.org/news/news-from-the-field/feeding-girls-hunger-to.html

  • http://www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/findings/2012TDA/afghanistan.pdf

  • http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,contentMDK:20973595~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:223547,00.html

  • http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1982319,00.html

  • http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:23192218~menuPK:141310~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html


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