Comma splice vs fragment
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 11

Comma Splice vs. Fragment PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Comma Splice vs. Fragment . Anna Weis . Comma Splices and Fragments . Comma splices and fragments are among the most common writing errors.

Download Presentation

Comma Splice vs. Fragment

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Comma Splice vs. Fragment

Anna Weis


Comma Splices and Fragments

  • Comma splices and fragments are among the most common writing errors.

  • In addition to being grammatically incorrect, both comma splices and fragments lead to incoherent sentences, which impedes thought and causes loss of purpose and flow.


Fragment

  • A fragment is a group of words used as a sentence, but it is not a sentence. It either lacks a subject, a verb, or some other essential part to a sentence. That missing part makes it incomplete.


Examples

  • #1- Milk all over the table.

    • This phrase lacks a verb. To make it a proper sentence one might add spilled. “Milk spilled all over the table.”

  • #2- When I walk to the store.

    • This clause does not convey a complete thought. What happened when you took a walk? To correct add “When I walk to the store, I always pass my neighbors house.”


Furthermore

  • Another way to correct a fragment is to combine the fragment into a previous sentence.

    • Example: Bob asked, “Is that the Big Ben?” Pointing at the tall building in front of him.

    • CORRECTION: Pointing at the tall building in front of him, Ben asked, “is that Big Ben?”


Take Away

  • When checking for fragments:

  • Look for a verb.

  • Look for a subject.

  • Look for subordinating conjunctions (when, while, because, etc.) or relative pronouns (who, which, that). Subordinating conjunctions are used to construct dependent adverbial clauses; relative pronouns are used to construct dependent adjectival clauses. If you suspect a passage is a fragment, the presence of these words will likely prove it is.


Comma Splices

  • A comma splice is when two independent clauses are connected with only a comma. This comma is not enough: a period, semicolon, or conjunction is needed.


Examples

  • The dog was lying in the hot sun for hours, he began to sweat and show signs of dehydration.

    • Correction: The dog was lying in the hot sun for hours, and he began to sweat and show signs of dehydration (coordination conjunction added)

  • Malcolm X was a very controversial leader in the sixties, many disagreed with his radical ideas.

    • Correction: add semicolon


Take Away

  • How to identify comma splices and fused sentences:

  • Look for sentences which explain, expand an idea, or link an example to an idea. Often these are fused.

  • Using pronouns like he, she, they, it, this, or that in the same sentence as the antecedent usually signals a fused sentence or comma splice.

  • Look for conjunctive adverbs (however, furthermore, thus, therefore, etc.) and transitional expressions (for example, on the other hand) often signal fused sentences or comma splices.


QUIZ TIME!


Work Cited

  • Sebranek, Patrick, Verne Meyer, and Dave Kemper. Writers Inc. Burlington, WI: Write Source Educational Pub. House, 1992. Print.


  • Login