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RAINWater Harvesting, Multiple Use Water & Livelihoods Is the tank half full or half empty? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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RAINWater Harvesting, Multiple Use Water & Livelihoods Is the tank half full or half empty?. Rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution. “Africa is not water scarce. The rainfall contribution is more than adequate to meet the needs of the current population several times over”

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RAINWater Harvesting, Multiple Use Water & Livelihoods Is the tank half full or half empty?

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Rainwater harvesting multiple use water livelihoods is the tank half full or half empty

RAINWater Harvesting,

Multiple Use Water & Livelihoods

Is the tank half full or half empty?


Rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution

Rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution

  • “Africa is not water scarce. The rainfall contribution is more than adequate to meet the needs of the current population several times over”

  • UNEP/World Agroforestry Center report Nov, 2006

  • Suitable wherever it rains

  • Simple technology: adaptable to local context and materials

  • Decentralised approach and local ownership

  • Rainwater needs (little to) no treatment → with basic maintenance measures: WHO standards

  • Environmentally sustainable


Geographic focus of the rain foundation

Geographic focus of the RAIN Foundation

  • Target countries:

    • South Asia

    • Sub-Saharan Africa

  • RAIN presently active in:

    • Nepal

    • Ethiopia

    • Senegal

    • Burkina Faso

    • Mali


Rain s approach to implementation

RAIN's approach to implementation

  • Site selection: regions where RWH has greatest positive impact

  • Selection & training of implementing organisations

  • Pilot phase  large-scale implementation

  • Identify a Rainwater Harvesting Capacity Center

  • Continuous learning, exchange & innovation, monitoring, evaluation, fundraising


Rain s partnering with local ngo s replication

Helvetas

ActionAid

AFD

BSP

NEWAH

CREPA

ERSHA

NRCS

CCF

WACT

RAIN'S partnering with local NGO's & replication

RAIN

BSP /

Népal

WaterAid/Crepa

Burkina Faso

ERHA /

Ethiopia

Other

countries

RHCCs / country

Sénégal

Mali

Implementing organisations

WaterAid

….

CREPA

Alphalog

Asradec

CREPA

ASE

….

….

ARFA

Helvetas

Helvetas

….

APDC

Caritas

Kaolack

Aide et

Action

....

….

....

….

Africare

Africare

….

….

NEF

GRAT

WaterAid


It rains in ethiopia

It RAINs in Ethiopia

  • Before …………………………….. and after


It rains in nepal

It RAINs in Nepal

  • Every drop counts!


Rwh training in burkina faso

RWH training in Burkina Faso


Pilot in burkina faso

Pilot in Burkina Faso


Rainwater harvesting multiple use water livelihoods is the tank half full or half empty

  • RAIN achievements

  • Since 2004 active in five countries

  • 1,800,000 liters of RWH capacity reaching 12,000 people

  • Financial commitment from important donors

  • RAIN strengths

  • Focus on implementation

  • Dedicated and flexible

  • Clear strategy, including long-term sustainability

  • Broad network (local partners; expertise; donors)

  • Systematic monitoring, evaluation and continuous learning


Critical success factors for rwh

Critical success factors for RWH

  • Success depends on:

  • Initial sites only where other water supply systems ‘fail’

  • Appropriate technology and low cost

  • Local ownership & maintenance (communal →household)

  • Responding to demand, marketing, capacity and ‘critical mass’ (communities, NGO’s, government, donors and private clients; financial mechanisms)

  • Systematic monitoring & performance measurement


Purposes of rainwater harvesting

Purposes of rainwater harvesting

Is the tank half full or half empty?

  • Domestic use

    • Drinking water

    • Hygiene & Sanitation

  • Productive use

    • Agriculture

    • Livestock

    • Other livelihood/income-generating activities

  • Groundwater recharge … Integrated Water Resources Management


Types of rainwater harvesting

Types of RainWater Harvesting?

  • Roof top water harvesting

  • Surface run-off harvesting

  • Sand dams

    … Sub-surface dams, pond reservoirs, terracing …


Rainwater harvesting multiple use water livelihoods is the tank half full or half empty

RAIN water harvesting

TECHNIQUES

RESULTS

EFFECTS

IMPACTS

Drinking water

Improved health: reduced disease incidence

Increased well-being & productivity of individuals and households

1,800,000 liters rainwater storage capacity

12,000 people access to clean drinking water & hygiene awareness

Roof-top water harvesting; surface run-off water harvesting

Time & energy saved: school attendance & activities enabled

Improved education, productivity and gender equity

Multiple use water

For domestic use: sanitation, food gardens, small livestock, biogas

Improved household nutrition, health & productivity

Improved household food, energy & water security

Ponds/sand dams

For productive use: horticulture & agriculture, livestock, food processing, other

Water-enabled enterprises and income-generation

Improved socio-economic well-being and gender equity

Ground water recharge

Drinking and multiple-use water

Improved soil productivity for crops and livestock


Rainwater harvesting multiple use water livelihoods is the tank half full or half empty

RAIN 2004-06 and beyond

RAIN 2007-10 and beyond


Rain from drinking water to multiple use

RAIN: from drinking water to multiple use

  • Points of Discussion

  • Water quantity

  • Water quality

  • Techniques used & in combination with other water supply

  • Financing mechanisms

  • Partnerships & learning

  • The long-term

  • Multiplier effect: RWH / financing mechanisms

  • RWH for livelihood protection & productive use


Contact

Contact

RAIN Foundation

c/o. Donker Curtiusstraat 7- 523,

1051 JL Amsterdam,

The Netherlands

T. + 31 20 686 8111

F. + 31 20 686 6251

E. [email protected]

www.rainfoundation.org


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