Hammurabi code
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HAMMURABI CODE. Thomas Bevilacqua Jordan Danzig Lotan Weininger. 5 w’s . Who: King Hammurabi of Babylon What: Hammurabi’s codified book of laws When: 1792 BC-1750 BC Where: Ancient Babylon, modern day Iraq

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HAMMURABI CODE

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Hammurabi code

HAMMURABI CODE

Thomas Bevilacqua

Jordan Danzig

Lotan Weininger


5 w s

5 w’s

  • Who: King Hammurabi of Babylon

  • What: Hammurabi’s codified book of laws

  • When: 1792 BC-1750 BC

  • Where: Ancient Babylon, modern day Iraq

  • Why: To keep a fair and somewhat just society, to ensure rules and regulations were enforced


Strengths vs weaknesses

Strengths vs. weaknesses

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • Very hierarchal and patriarchal

    • Three categories: nobles, citizens with civil rights, slaves.

  • Severity of punishment was dependent on individual’s status within community

  • No distinction between mistakes and deliberate actions

  • Slavery was imminent

  • Trial by Ordeal as well as trial by Oath

  • Constitution

    • Fundamental laws dictating consequences of actions

  • A presumption of innocence

  • Accuser and accused have the right to provide evidence


Laws of the hammurabi code

Laws of the Hammurabi code

  • Retribution

  • Hierarchal

  • Restitution

  • Property

  • Code 196: “if a man knocked out the eye of a patrician, his eye shall be knocked out”

  • Code 199: “if a man has knocked out the eye of a patrician’s servant, or broken the limb of a patrician’s servant, he shall pay half his value”

  • Code 209: “if a man has struck a free woman with child, and has caused her a miscarry, he shall pay ten shekels for her miscarriage”

  • Code 8: “ if a man has stolen goods form a temple, or house, he shall be put to death”


Impact on the canadian legal system

Impact on the Canadian legal system

  • Hammurabi’s code was based of the principle of case law, and the rule of precedent

  • Had laws pertaining to:

    • Wages

    • Terms of transaction (contracts)

    • Liability

    • Property

    • Family matters

      • Inheritance

      • Divorce

      • Sexual behavior


Impact on the canadian legal system1

Impact on the Canadian legal system

  • A presumption of innocence

    • Burden of proof on accuser

  • Accuser and accused had rights to provide evidence

  • Laws governed:

    • Religion

    • Military services

    • Slavery

    • Codes of conduct

    • Duties of workers


Facts

Facts

  • Code was written on stone slab

  • Written in 44 columnsand 28 paragraphs

  • The last complete example of the code survives on a diorite stele which resides in the Louvre

  • The code is the combination of 43 years worth of case law

  • Woman were inferior to men

  • No distinguish between mistakes and deliberate actions.

    • Ex. If a man builds a house and the house falls and kills the owner then the builder of the house shall be slain.

King Hammurabi


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