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HAMMURABI CODE. Thomas Bevilacqua Jordan Danzig Lotan Weininger. 5 w’s . Who: King Hammurabi of Babylon What: Hammurabi’s codified book of laws When: 1792 BC-1750 BC Where: Ancient Babylon, modern day Iraq

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hammurabi code

HAMMURABI CODE

Thomas Bevilacqua

Jordan Danzig

Lotan Weininger

5 w s
5 w’s
  • Who: King Hammurabi of Babylon
  • What: Hammurabi’s codified book of laws
  • When: 1792 BC-1750 BC
  • Where: Ancient Babylon, modern day Iraq
  • Why: To keep a fair and somewhat just society, to ensure rules and regulations were enforced
strengths vs weaknesses
Strengths vs. weaknesses

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • Very hierarchal and patriarchal
    • Three categories: nobles, citizens with civil rights, slaves.
  • Severity of punishment was dependent on individual’s status within community
  • No distinction between mistakes and deliberate actions
  • Slavery was imminent
  • Trial by Ordeal as well as trial by Oath
  • Constitution
    • Fundamental laws dictating consequences of actions
  • A presumption of innocence
  • Accuser and accused have the right to provide evidence
laws of the hammurabi code
Laws of the Hammurabi code
  • Retribution
  • Hierarchal
  • Restitution
  • Property
  • Code 196: “if a man knocked out the eye of a patrician, his eye shall be knocked out”
  • Code 199: “if a man has knocked out the eye of a patrician’s servant, or broken the limb of a patrician’s servant, he shall pay half his value”
  • Code 209: “if a man has struck a free woman with child, and has caused her a miscarry, he shall pay ten shekels for her miscarriage”
  • Code 8: “ if a man has stolen goods form a temple, or house, he shall be put to death”
impact on the canadian legal system
Impact on the Canadian legal system
  • Hammurabi’s code was based of the principle of case law, and the rule of precedent
  • Had laws pertaining to:
    • Wages
    • Terms of transaction (contracts)
    • Liability
    • Property
    • Family matters
      • Inheritance
      • Divorce
      • Sexual behavior
impact on the canadian legal system1
Impact on the Canadian legal system
  • A presumption of innocence
    • Burden of proof on accuser
  • Accuser and accused had rights to provide evidence
  • Laws governed:
    • Religion
    • Military services
    • Slavery
    • Codes of conduct
    • Duties of workers
facts
Facts
  • Code was written on stone slab
  • Written in 44 columnsand 28 paragraphs
  • The last complete example of the code survives on a diorite stele which resides in the Louvre
  • The code is the combination of 43 years worth of case law
  • Woman were inferior to men
  • No distinguish between mistakes and deliberate actions.
    • Ex. If a man builds a house and the house falls and kills the owner then the builder of the house shall be slain.

King Hammurabi

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