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FIRST BRAZILIAN PVC CONGRESS. Sao Paulo, Brazil June 6-8, 2005 Helmuth Leitner. PVC in Automotive. There are good news from Latin America to US and Europe PVC is increasing its volume TPO not as good as thought Price/performance ratio is an essential in favor of PVC

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First brazilian pvc congress

FIRST BRAZILIAN PVC CONGRESS

Sao Paulo, Brazil

June 6-8, 2005

Helmuth Leitner


Pvc in automotive
PVC in Automotive

  • There are good news from Latin America to US and Europe

  • PVC is increasing its volume

  • TPO not as good as thought

  • Price/performance ratio is an essential in favor of PVC

  • BUT WE HAVE TO KEEP OUR CRUISING SPEED


Pvc in automotive1
PVC in Automotive

  • What was the background ?

  • The ELV in his first draft had a ban on PVC

  • Numerous (automotive) producer thought, it will happen

  • At least in the revision of ELV foreseen for 2005

  • If all producers change > NO impact on internal competition

  • But at least one didn’t play the game in Europe


Pvc in automotive2
PVC in Automotive

  • The implementation of the ELV directive

  • Plastics Industry (+Automotive industry?) tries to substitute parts of recycling targets versus recovery

  • Phase out of lead is a fact in Europe – all will follow

  • The choice of (german) automotive industry

  • NO dismantling, > shredder


Options for shredder light fraction
Options for shredder light fraction

Automotive Shredder Residue

Ferrous scrap

Heavy fraction

Shredder Light Fraction (SLF)

Gasification

(SVZ)

Longer term: Novel gasification

(e.g. Carbo-V)

Pretreatment

Light

fraction

MeOH

Shredder residue-main process

Shredder Granulates

PVC-rich

PVC-poor

Chemical

industry

Blast

Furnace


Stigsnaes feedstock recycling
Stigsnaes feedstock recycling

  • A new feedstock recycling unit dedicated to PVC rich streams will come on stream in early 2005 with a capacity of > 30 000 to/y

  • They are interested in creating a PVC rich fraction out of ASR and to treat that


Pvc in automotive3
PVC in Automotive

  • PVC regaining acceptance (see also economic situation of car industry in many parts)

  • But NOBODY will confirm in public

  • Trend to leather is favoring PVC (20 % in 2007 will have leather interior)

  • GM-Fiat, VW, Ford and BMW using increasingly PVC (BMW serie 6 and with serie 5 indoor panel)

  • New Ford C Max with PVC IP and also the new Passat

  • Ford EcoSport in Brazil launched with PVC


Pvc in automotive4
PVC in Automotive

  • BUT Ford wishes a « Green PVC »

  • BMW « has no policy on PVC » > progress serie 3 has PVC and PU interior

  • DC « neutral » no longer anti-PVC statements in their Environmental Report

  • as well as PSA and Renault


Pvc use in cars
PVC-use in cars

Interior

  • dashboard skins, carpets, door panels, consoles, arm rests, grips, interior seals, sun visors, seat coverings, luggage compartment covers

Exterior

  • body trim, window encapsulation, bumper spoiler, door steps, roof rack coverings

Others

  • underbody coating, battery separation plates, fuel line protection

Electrical wiring

  • cable insulation, moulded plugs


Plastics in dashboards

Year 2000

SM TPO/TPU

0,0%

IM

SM PVC

23,2%

25,3%

SC PUR

4,0%

TF PVC

26,3%

TF TPO/ASA

21,2%

Plastics in dashboards

Year 2003

  • TF = Thermo Forming; SM = Slush Moulding; IM = Injection Moulding; SC = Spray Coating

SM TPO/TPU

SM TPO/TPU

0.2%

IM

SM PVC

23,2%

25,3%

SM PVC

34.0%

Other

50.8%

SC PUR

4,0%

TF PVC

SC PUR

26,3%

TF TPO/ASA

15.0%

21,2%


Market evolution pvc slush
Market evolution: PVC-slush

16000

14000

12000

10000

Tons

8000

6000

4000

2000

0

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

  • Total estimated European volume


Material process technology basis for choice
Material & process technology: basis for choice

Performance

Weight

Cost

Environmental

aspects


Design freedom

(material,tool,

investment)

Costs

Stylingrequirements

Design freedom

TPU

slush

TPO

foam sheet

TPO

compact sheet

(material, tool,

ABS/PVC

compact sheet

PUR

Spray skin

PUR

casting

Costs

PVC

slush

PVC

foam sheet

  • Source: VDI; “plastics in Automotive engineering” (Mannheim, 2003)


Market evolution pvc slush1
Market evolution: PVC-slush

Forecast

Forecast

  • Total estimated European volume


Models with pvc slush
Models with PVC-slush


Models with pvc slush1
Models with PVC-slush


Material process technology basis for choice1
Material & process technology: basis for choice

  • Performance:

    • Styling requirements

    • Visual appearance

    • Touch (Haptik)

    • Mechanical & physical properties

    • Surface properties

    • Ageing

  • Environmental aspects:

    • Emissions

    • Recyclability


Advantages of pvc slush technology
Advantages of PVC-Slush Technology

  • Cost / Performance

  • Design Freedom

  • Stress Free

  • Esthetics (color, aspect, soft touch, grain)

  • Scratch Resistance

  • Easy Processing

  • Available in any tailor made color

  • Low fogging

  • Perception of quality in car


Reasons for future growth
Reasons for future growth

  • All classes of vehicles

  • Other interior applications of PVC-slush (design uniformity)

    • Door panels

  • Other car manufacturers


Pvc in automotive what was done
PVC in Automotive - what was done

  • Very intensive contacts to automotive industry

  • Demonstrate innovation in application and end-of-life

  • Correct mis-information (Dioxine, ELV, phthalates,…)

  • Another example:

    • Institudo do PVC collaborates with AEA (Automotive Engineering Association)


Pvc in automotive what to do more
PVC in Automotive – what to do more

  • Get in contact with « newcomers »: Hyundai and others

  • Stay in contact with all players

  • Continue innovation

  • THEN PVC will stay a material of choice in cars


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