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FIRST BRAZILIAN PVC CONGRESS. Sao Paulo, Brazil June 6-8, 2005 Helmuth Leitner. PVC in Automotive. There are good news from Latin America to US and Europe PVC is increasing its volume TPO not as good as thought Price/performance ratio is an essential in favor of PVC

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first brazilian pvc congress

FIRST BRAZILIAN PVC CONGRESS

Sao Paulo, Brazil

June 6-8, 2005

Helmuth Leitner

pvc in automotive
PVC in Automotive
  • There are good news from Latin America to US and Europe
  • PVC is increasing its volume
  • TPO not as good as thought
  • Price/performance ratio is an essential in favor of PVC
  • BUT WE HAVE TO KEEP OUR CRUISING SPEED
pvc in automotive1
PVC in Automotive
  • What was the background ?
  • The ELV in his first draft had a ban on PVC
  • Numerous (automotive) producer thought, it will happen
  • At least in the revision of ELV foreseen for 2005
  • If all producers change > NO impact on internal competition
  • But at least one didn’t play the game in Europe
pvc in automotive2
PVC in Automotive
  • The implementation of the ELV directive
  • Plastics Industry (+Automotive industry?) tries to substitute parts of recycling targets versus recovery
  • Phase out of lead is a fact in Europe – all will follow
  • The choice of (german) automotive industry
  • NO dismantling, > shredder
options for shredder light fraction
Options for shredder light fraction

Automotive Shredder Residue

Ferrous scrap

Heavy fraction

Shredder Light Fraction (SLF)

Gasification

(SVZ)

Longer term: Novel gasification

(e.g. Carbo-V)

Pretreatment

Light

fraction

MeOH

Shredder residue-main process

Shredder Granulates

PVC-rich

PVC-poor

Chemical

industry

Blast

Furnace

stigsnaes feedstock recycling
Stigsnaes feedstock recycling
  • A new feedstock recycling unit dedicated to PVC rich streams will come on stream in early 2005 with a capacity of > 30 000 to/y
  • They are interested in creating a PVC rich fraction out of ASR and to treat that
pvc in automotive3
PVC in Automotive
  • PVC regaining acceptance (see also economic situation of car industry in many parts)
  • But NOBODY will confirm in public
  • Trend to leather is favoring PVC (20 % in 2007 will have leather interior)
  • GM-Fiat, VW, Ford and BMW using increasingly PVC (BMW serie 6 and with serie 5 indoor panel)
  • New Ford C Max with PVC IP and also the new Passat
  • Ford EcoSport in Brazil launched with PVC
pvc in automotive4
PVC in Automotive
  • BUT Ford wishes a « Green PVC »
  • BMW « has no policy on PVC » > progress serie 3 has PVC and PU interior
  • DC « neutral » no longer anti-PVC statements in their Environmental Report
  • as well as PSA and Renault
pvc use in cars
PVC-use in cars

Interior

  • dashboard skins, carpets, door panels, consoles, arm rests, grips, interior seals, sun visors, seat coverings, luggage compartment covers

Exterior

  • body trim, window encapsulation, bumper spoiler, door steps, roof rack coverings

Others

  • underbody coating, battery separation plates, fuel line protection

Electrical wiring

  • cable insulation, moulded plugs
plastics in dashboards

Year 2000

SM TPO/TPU

0,0%

IM

SM PVC

23,2%

25,3%

SC PUR

4,0%

TF PVC

26,3%

TF TPO/ASA

21,2%

Plastics in dashboards

Year 2003

  • TF = Thermo Forming; SM = Slush Moulding; IM = Injection Moulding; SC = Spray Coating

SM TPO/TPU

SM TPO/TPU

0.2%

IM

SM PVC

23,2%

25,3%

SM PVC

34.0%

Other

50.8%

SC PUR

4,0%

TF PVC

SC PUR

26,3%

TF TPO/ASA

15.0%

21,2%

market evolution pvc slush
Market evolution: PVC-slush

16000

14000

12000

10000

Tons

8000

6000

4000

2000

0

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

  • Total estimated European volume
material process technology basis for choice
Material & process technology: basis for choice

Performance

Weight

Cost

Environmental

aspects

design freedom

(material,tool,

investment)

Costs

Stylingrequirements

Design freedom

TPU

slush

TPO

foam sheet

TPO

compact sheet

(material, tool,

ABS/PVC

compact sheet

PUR

Spray skin

PUR

casting

Costs

PVC

slush

PVC

foam sheet

  • Source: VDI; “plastics in Automotive engineering” (Mannheim, 2003)
market evolution pvc slush1
Market evolution: PVC-slush

Forecast

Forecast

  • Total estimated European volume
material process technology basis for choice1
Material & process technology: basis for choice
  • Performance:
    • Styling requirements
    • Visual appearance
    • Touch (Haptik)
    • Mechanical & physical properties
    • Surface properties
    • Ageing
  • Environmental aspects:
    • Emissions
    • Recyclability
advantages of pvc slush technology
Advantages of PVC-Slush Technology
  • Cost / Performance
  • Design Freedom
  • Stress Free
  • Esthetics (color, aspect, soft touch, grain)
  • Scratch Resistance
  • Easy Processing
  • Available in any tailor made color
  • Low fogging
  • Perception of quality in car
reasons for future growth
Reasons for future growth
  • All classes of vehicles
  • Other interior applications of PVC-slush (design uniformity)
    • Door panels
  • Other car manufacturers
pvc in automotive what was done
PVC in Automotive - what was done
  • Very intensive contacts to automotive industry
  • Demonstrate innovation in application and end-of-life
  • Correct mis-information (Dioxine, ELV, phthalates,…)
  • Another example:
    • Institudo do PVC collaborates with AEA (Automotive Engineering Association)
pvc in automotive what to do more
PVC in Automotive – what to do more
  • Get in contact with « newcomers »: Hyundai and others
  • Stay in contact with all players
  • Continue innovation
  • THEN PVC will stay a material of choice in cars
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