interest groups and lobbying
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Interest Groups and Lobbying

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

Interest Groups and Lobbying - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Interest Groups and Lobbying. What is an Interest Group?. Organized group of individuals that share common goals or objectives Work to influence policymakers in all three branches of government, and at all levels Pluralism. Why People Join Interest Groups?. Free Riders

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Interest Groups and Lobbying' - desirae-rodriquez

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
what is an interest group
What is an Interest Group?
  • Organized group of individuals that share common goals or objectives
  • Work to influence policymakers in all three branches of government, and at all levels
  • Pluralism
why people join interest groups
Why People Join Interest Groups?
  • Free Riders
    • Someone who can obtain the benefits of membership without participation or even joining
  • Incentives
    • Solidary incentives
    • Material incentives
    • Purposive incentives
types of interest groups
Types of Interest Groups
  • Economic Interest Groups
  • Environmental Interest Groups
  • Public Interest Groups
  • Special Interest Groups
public special interest groups
Public Interest Groups – groups that advocate the interests of the collective, overall community

Nader organizations -- organizations organized under the leadership of consumer activist Ralph Nader

Special Interest Groups – narrowly focused interest groups.

Examples include abortion interest groups and groups that advocate for individuals who share a racial, ethnic or age association

Public & Special Interest Groups
interest group strategies direct techniques
Interest Group Strategies: Direct Techniques

Lobbying – meeting officials and attempting to convince of your position on an issue; Lobbying also entails

testifying before congressional committees

testifying before executive rulemaking agencies

assisting in the drafting of legislation

entertaining legislators

providing information to legislators

assisting in nominating individuals to government posts

Ratings – scoring legislators based on their votes in congress, then making interested constituents aware of those scores

Campaign Assistance – providing workers for political campaigns

Political Action Committees –a committee that raises money and gives donation on behalf of organizations to political candidates or political parties.

interest group strategies indirect techniques
Interest Group Strategies: Indirect Techniques
  • Generating Public Pressure – trying to influence the government by using public opinion on an issue
  • Using Constituents as Lobbyists
    • shotgun approach means having large numbers of constituents act in concert by writing, emailing, phoning or sending postcards to a legislator
    • rifle approach involves having an influential constituent contact a legislator on a particular issue
  • Building Alliances – forming alliances with other diverse groups who share a policy goal
the iron triangle
The Iron Triangle

Congressional Committees

Interest Groups

Executive agencies

attempts at regulating lobbyists
Attempts at Regulating Lobbyists
  • Some regulations on lobbying passed in 1995-96 include
    • defining “lobbyist”
    • requiring lobbyists to register
    • requiring semiannual reports
  • Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (BUSH 43)
    • Quaterly reporting
    • $10K spending cap
    • Earmarks made public
  • Obama
    • Claimed would not employ lobbyists in administration
    • Limited access to administration officials
    • By 2010, many former lobbyists had administration posts