Romantic era
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Romantic Era. 1820-1900. Where did Romantic music originate?. Western Europe. Famous Romantic Composers. Franz Schubert (1797-1827) Born in Vienna, Austria Compositions: “ Erlking ” “Most famous song” “Composed at age 17 in one night” “Dramatic tale of horror”

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Romantic Era

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Romantic era

Romantic Era

1820-1900


Where did romantic music originate

Where did Romantic music originate?

  • Western Europe


Famous romantic composers

Famous Romantic Composers

Franz Schubert (1797-1827)

  • Born in Vienna, Austria

  • Compositions:

    • “Erlking”

      • “Most famous song”

      • “Composed at age 17 in one night”

      • “Dramatic tale of horror”

  • “Served as a torch bearer for Beethoven's funeral”

  • “Some of his greatest works during his last 6 years of life”


Famous romantic composers1

Famous Romantic Composers

Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)

  • “born near Warsaw, Poland”

  • Composed “primarily for piano”

  • “Many compositions were based on folk dances of Poland

  • Compositions:

    • “Mazurka in Bb major Opus 7 No. 1”

      • “Composed in 1832”

      • “Mazurka was a fast Polish dance”

      • “Harmony used drones to imitate bagpipes”


Famous romantic composers2

Famous Romantic Composers

Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)

  • “Born near Grenoble, France”

  • “Compositional Style”

    • “called for big orchestras”

    • “experiment with new instruments”

    • “modified musical forms to suit each composition”

    • “musicians thought his music was bizarre and monstrous”

    • “one of the greatest orchestrators of all time”

  • Compositions:

    • “Symphony Fantastique” – 1830

      • “First complete program symphony” – he wrote it himself

      • “revolutionary aspects”:

        • “5 movements”

        • “Unifying theme: idee fix (fixed idea)”

        • “New instruments: ophecliede, English horn, harp, cornet”

        • “New playing effects: col lengno, pedal tones in basses, mutes &glissando”


Characteristics of romantic music

Characteristics of Romantic Music

“Romantic Style”

  • “Melody”

    • “Broad, powerful streams intended to sweep the listener away”

    • “Expressive, lyrical and grandiose climaxes”

    • “Phrases are longer, rhythmically flexible, and irregular in shape”

  • “Harmony”

    • “colorful harmony to create emotional intensity”

    • “Chromatic notes”

    • “Distinct modulations”

    • “Dissonance creates greater anguish and drive to resolution”

  • “Tempo”

    • “Rubato– Italian for ‘robbed’”

    • “A tempo mark indicating the performer may take or steal great liberties”

    • “Exaggerated flow of music”

    • “Gives artistic freedom to performer”


How was romantic music performed

How was Romantic music performed?

In an orchestra.


Listening examples

Listening Examples

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9fHa6caCMc

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1YFubxfXb0

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0DWjI1uLSzw


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