Planning for the Seventh Generation: What does it take to raise a healthy Anishinaabe child?. Creating Connections to Enhance Tribal Child Welfare Systems: Regional Tribal Child Welfare Gathering March 18, 2009 Lac du Flambeau, WI Priscilla Day, MSW, Ed.D. University of Minnesota Duluth
Creating Connections to Enhance Tribal Child Welfare Systems: Regional Tribal Child Welfare Gathering
March 18, 2009
Lac du Flambeau, WI
Priscilla Day, MSW, Ed.D.
University of Minnesota Duluth
Department of Social Work
Contact: [email protected]
“They are American Pagans whose degradation and helplessness must appeal to every Christian heart. From their past history they have peculiar claims upon the benevolence and protection of a Christian nation. The only hope for the Indians is in civilization and Christianization.” –Right Rev. Henry Whipple (Missionary at Leech Lake)
Photographs are courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society Photograph Collection ca. 1900
Spotted Feathers Woman Sitting
Roaring Thunderbird Woman (1882)
For more information: http://www.search-institute.org/
“key building blocks in children’s lives that help them grow up strong, capable and caring. Like a dream catcher, assets are the supporting threads in a young person’s life that can keep away harm and invite goodness”
Elders spoke about both what a healthy Anishinaabe child “looked like” and what kind of parenting and support is needed to raise a healthy child.
A healthy child is:
External Assets: raise a healthy Anishinaabe child?
Boundaries and expectations
Commitment to learning
Positive identityAdapted Domains for Anishinaabeg Families
Boundaries and Expectations:
Constructive Use of Time:
Commitment to Learning
The basic tenants of what it takes to raise a healthy child are the same across cultures (food, shelter, security) the order of importance or prominence with native children is different.
For example, the importance of culture, spirituality, extended family and tribal connections play a central role.
-Beatrice Medicine, Lakota (2004)
-Lakota Oyate Wakanyeja Owicakiyapi (LOWO)
Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
-Weechi-it-te-win Family Service
Fort Frances, Ontario, Canada
Lakota Oyate Wakanyeja Owicakiyapi, Inc. (LOWO) - Oglala Lakota Integrated Tribal Child and Family Services Agency is a tribally chartered child welfare agency on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota.
Integration of Lakota based model of practice in service delivery.
Cultural attachment: Defined by Weechi-it-te-win, it is how one bonds with the Anishinaabe culture through the use of the language, ceremonies, and teachings. Included is the commitment to securing the knowledge of family, extended family, community, nation, and our relationship to each other and the world (Simard, E., 2008).
Administrative harmonization: This is the process of bridging distinct yet equally important laws –Traditional Law and Federal, Provincial or State Laws (Simard, E., 2008).
Bi-Cultural practice: Ability to provide both mainstream services and cultural service options to clientele.
Traditional law: “Our ancestors governed themselves since time immemorial according to laws and a constitution given to them by the Creator. Traditional law for all matter Anishinaabe, especially the care and protection of the child, derives only from these sources” (Kelly, P., 2007).