Cognitive therapy vs interpersonal psychotherapy in social anxiety disorder
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Cognitive Therapy vs Interpersonal Psychotherapy in Social Anxiety Disorder. Ulrich Stangier , PhD; Elisabeth Scharmm , PhD; Thmoas Heidenreich , PhD; Matthias Berger, MD; David M.Clark , DPhil. Social Anxiety Disorder.

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Cognitive Therapy vs Interpersonal Psychotherapy in Social Anxiety Disorder

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Cognitive Therapy vs Interpersonal Psychotherapy in Social Anxiety Disorder

Ulrich Stangier, PhD; Elisabeth Scharmm, PhD; ThmoasHeidenreich, PhD; Matthias Berger, MD; David M.Clark, DPhil


Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is a common mental disorder that is associated with considerable vocational and psychological handicap and an increased risk of comorbid disorders.


Design

  • Treatment comprised up to 16 individual sessions conducted mainly on a weekly basis. A booster session was offered 2 months after treatment. The WLC group received treatment after a 20 week waiting period.

  • The main assessment points were before treatment/wait, after treatment/wait, and 1 year after treatment completion.


Patients

  • Patients were recruited via the private practice of psychiatrists, outpatient clinics, and advertisements in local newspapers and on the internet.

  • Of the 697 individuals who contacted the study center, 254 were assed by interview, 137 were excluded owing to a failure to meet the inclusion criteria or for other reasons. Of 44 patients who refused to participate, 8 who met the inclusion criteria withdrew after signing the consent form but before randomization. The remaining 117 individuals met the inclusion criteria and were randomized.


Treatment

  • The treatment comprised of 16 individual sessions conducted over 20 weeks.

  • Patients on the waiting list received no treatment until the initial 20 weeks had concluded.


Cognitive Therapy

  • The cognitive therapy was based on the cognitive model of SAD of Clark and Wells and included six main components.


Interpersonal Psychotherapy

  • For SAD, Interpersonal Psychotherapy was based on a revised version of the standard manual developed by Lipsitz and Markowitz.


Assessment Procedures

  • The primary outcome measure was treatment response as assessed by the clinical global impression scale.

  • Independent assessors masked to the treatment conditions completed the 7-point rating scale at the post treatment and 1-year-follow-up.

  • The secondary outcome measures were independent assessor on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale.


Description of the Sample


Primary Outcome

  • At the posttreatment/wait assessment 25 out of the 38 patients who had undergone cognitive therapy, 16 out of the 38 who had undergone Interpersonal Therapy, and 3 of the 41 on the waiting list were classified as responders.


Secondary Outcomes

  • At the posttreatment/wait assessment, the independent assessor ratings on the LSAS indicated that patients that received cognitive or interpersonal therapy showed greater improvement than those on the waiting list.


Results

  • At the posttreatment assessment, response rates were 65.8% for cognitive therapy, 42.1% for interpersonal therapy, and 7.3% for the waiting list group.


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