China’s Golden Age Dynasty’s. The Sui, the T’ang and the Song (Sung). What is a Golden Age?. A time or period, in a specific culture or civilization: of “peace, harmony, stability, and prosperity (wikipedia)”
China’s Golden Age Dynasty’s
The Sui, the T’ang and the Song (Sung)
Sui dynasty (A.D. 581-617)
Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220)
T’ang dynasty (A.D. 618-907)
Song (Sung) dynasty
They improved canals and roads.
They set up granaries across the empire.
They reorganized finances.
They imposed a government monopolyon iron and salt.
They opened up the Silk Road, a trade route linking China and the West.
They made Confucianism the official belief of the state.
They relied on well-educated scholars to run the government.
They used a civil service exam to find the most qualified officials.
Han rulers strengthened the economy and government of China.
Wrote texts on chemistry, zoology, and botany.
Measured movements of stars and planets.
Invented seismograph to measure earthquakes.
Used herbal remedies and other drugs for treatments.
Explored uses of acupuncture.
Made paper out of wood pulp.
Pioneered advanced methods of shipbuilding.
Invented the rudder, fishing reels, wheelbarrows, and suspension bridges.
Built grand temples and palaces.
Produced jade and ivory carvings and ceramic figures.
Improved bronzeworking and silkmaking techniques.
Han China made such tremendous advances in so many fields, that the Chinese later called themselves “the people of Han.”
- Civil War (220-589)
The Three Kingdoms era began in 220 AD. After the Han dynasty fell, three powerful states began a war for power and control over China. The three states were the Wu state, Wei state, and Shu-Han state. The three main leaders during this war was Cao Pi of the Wei State, Liu Bei of the Shu-han state, and Sun Quan, the son of Sun Jian of the Wu state. These three people were the kings of their states.
China’s Dark Ages?
Considered by historians as the climax or height of China’s Golden Age and even Chinese civilization!
Buddhism becomes a permanent entity of Chinese culture (sinicized)
Major achievements in Literature and Art
- Li Bo and Du Fu (Literature - Poetry)
(made possible by which invention? That also made “paper money” possible!)
The Song (960-1279)
-Gentry (landowning scholars)
-Merchant class (educated business owners)
(- there was a synthesis of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism as a result in Civil Svc exam and culture too)