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Chapter 9, 10 review. Islam. Muhammad, founder, born 570 CE in Mecca 5 pillars of Islam Quran: Muslim Holy Book Sharia: Islamic Law Umma : Muslim population. Islamic Expansion. Spread of Islam in India and Southeast Asia. 8 th Century CE: Muslims conquer Indus River Valley

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islam
Islam
  • Muhammad, founder, born 570 CE in Mecca
  • 5 pillars of Islam
  • Quran: Muslim Holy Book
  • Sharia: Islamic Law
  • Umma: Muslim population
spread of islam in india and southeast asia
Spread of Islam in India and Southeast Asia
  • 8th Century CE: Muslims conquer Indus River Valley
  • Spread from India to Southeast Asia through trade routes
islam in africa
Islam in Africa
  • Spread through trade routes and Berbers: North African nomads
    • Ghana
    • Mali
    • Songhay
sui dynasty
Sui Dynasty
  • 581 CE: reunited China (Yang Jian)
  • Grand Canal: 1,400 mile long
tang dynasty
Tang Dynasty
  • 618: Li Yuan conquers capital
  • Revival of trade and culture in China
  • Silk Road comes back
song dynasty
Song Dynasty
  • 960-1279: Chinese junk ships made trade even better
the mongols
The Mongols!!!!
  • Nearly conquered the world
  • Yuan Dynasty: Dynasty of China ruled by the Mongols
muslim split
Muslim Split
  • Sunni
    • Accepted Umayyad\'s as their rulers (not descendants of Muhammad)
    • Means “followers of tradition”
  • Shia
    • Caliphs should be related to Muhammad
    • Means “partisans of Ali”
abbasid caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate
  • Overthrew the Umayyads (who fled to Spain)
  • Capital: Baghdad
  • Appointed viziers: political advisors
umayyad rule
Umayyad rule
  • Spain: Cordoba- capital of Al-Andalus, Muslim Spain
  • IbnRushd- Muslim philosopher, wrote about Aristotle, 2-fold truth
seljuk turks
Seljuk Turks
  • 1055: took over Baghdad
  • Controlled all secular affairs
  • Abbasids still in control, name only
  • 1258: Mongols destroy Baghdad, rule comes to an end
the franks
The Franks
  • First Germanic peoples to convert to Catholic Christianity
  • Clovis: converted to Christianity (500 CE)
  • 732: Battle of Tours: stops Muslims invading France
the franks1
The Franks
  • Helped the Pope against the Lombards
  • Pope Steven II made Pepin King of the Franks
  • Carolingian Dynasty
  • Set up Papal States
treaty of verdun
Treaty of Verdun
  • 843 CE Carolingian Empire Split in 3
france
France
  • 987 CE: last Carolingian died, Hugh Capet takes their place
  • Capetian Dynasty
    • Only controlled area around Paris (Ile de France)
william of normandy
William of Normandy
  • Battle of Hastings (1066)
  • Conquered England
  • Duke of Normandy also king of England
king john i
King John I
  • William’s Grandson (1215)
  • Forced to sign Magna Carta
  • Limits the power of the King
the crusades
The Crusades
  • 1099-1251: The Christian Crusaders set up kingdoms in the Middle East
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Creates enmity between the Christians and Muslims
  • Gives Christians a taste for the Middle East
delhi sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
  • Take over Gupta Empire
  • Turkish Slaves take over and form Delhi Sultanate
  • Keep India safe from Mongols….for now
southeast asia
Southeast Asia
  • Funan: state which traded with India and was strongly influenced by both Chinese and Indian Cultures
japan
Japan
  • Yamato Kingdom: 607 CE
  • Taika Reforms: set up government based on Tang dynasty bureacracy
song dynasty1
Song Dynasty
  • 960-1279: not very successful in uniting China, but did centralize the government
the mongols1
The Mongols!
  • Genghis Khan: “Universal Ruler”
  • United all Mongol tribes
  • Khanates: political regions
aztecs
Aztecs
  • Calpulli: organization based on households and kinship
  • 1428: heavy expansion through warfare
  • Conquered areas paid tribute to Aztec emperor
incas
Incas
  • Cuzco: capital of the Incas
fall of constaninople
Fall of Constaninople
  • 1453: fall of the Byzantine Empire
    • Ottoman Turks (descended from Seljuk Turks)
    • End of Roman Empire
fall of constantinople consequences
Fall of Constantinople: Consequences
  • End of Roman Empire
  • First time cannon was used in warfare
  • Beginning of Ottoman Empire
  • Continued Muslim/Christian tensions
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