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Chapter 9, 10 review. Islam. Muhammad, founder, born 570 CE in Mecca 5 pillars of Islam Quran: Muslim Holy Book Sharia: Islamic Law Umma : Muslim population. Islamic Expansion. Spread of Islam in India and Southeast Asia. 8 th Century CE: Muslims conquer Indus River Valley

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Islam
Islam

  • Muhammad, founder, born 570 CE in Mecca

  • 5 pillars of Islam

  • Quran: Muslim Holy Book

  • Sharia: Islamic Law

  • Umma: Muslim population



Spread of islam in india and southeast asia
Spread of Islam in India and Southeast Asia

  • 8th Century CE: Muslims conquer Indus River Valley

  • Spread from India to Southeast Asia through trade routes


Islam in africa
Islam in Africa

  • Spread through trade routes and Berbers: North African nomads

    • Ghana

    • Mali

    • Songhay


Sui dynasty
Sui Dynasty

  • 581 CE: reunited China (Yang Jian)

  • Grand Canal: 1,400 mile long


Tang dynasty
Tang Dynasty

  • 618: Li Yuan conquers capital

  • Revival of trade and culture in China

  • Silk Road comes back


Song dynasty
Song Dynasty

  • 960-1279: Chinese junk ships made trade even better


The mongols
The Mongols!!!!

  • Nearly conquered the world

  • Yuan Dynasty: Dynasty of China ruled by the Mongols



Muslim split
Muslim Split

  • Sunni

    • Accepted Umayyad's as their rulers (not descendants of Muhammad)

    • Means “followers of tradition”

  • Shia

    • Caliphs should be related to Muhammad

    • Means “partisans of Ali”


Abbasid caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate

  • Overthrew the Umayyads (who fled to Spain)

  • Capital: Baghdad

  • Appointed viziers: political advisors


Umayyad rule
Umayyad rule

  • Spain: Cordoba- capital of Al-Andalus, Muslim Spain

  • IbnRushd- Muslim philosopher, wrote about Aristotle, 2-fold truth


Seljuk turks
Seljuk Turks

  • 1055: took over Baghdad

  • Controlled all secular affairs

  • Abbasids still in control, name only

  • 1258: Mongols destroy Baghdad, rule comes to an end



The franks
The Franks

  • First Germanic peoples to convert to Catholic Christianity

  • Clovis: converted to Christianity (500 CE)

  • 732: Battle of Tours: stops Muslims invading France


The franks1
The Franks

  • Helped the Pope against the Lombards

  • Pope Steven II made Pepin King of the Franks

  • Carolingian Dynasty

  • Set up Papal States


Treaty of verdun
Treaty of Verdun

  • 843 CE Carolingian Empire Split in 3


France
France

  • 987 CE: last Carolingian died, Hugh Capet takes their place

  • Capetian Dynasty

    • Only controlled area around Paris (Ile de France)


William of normandy
William of Normandy

  • Battle of Hastings (1066)

  • Conquered England

  • Duke of Normandy also king of England


King john i
King John I

  • William’s Grandson (1215)

  • Forced to sign Magna Carta

  • Limits the power of the King


The crusades
The Crusades

  • 1099-1251: The Christian Crusaders set up kingdoms in the Middle East

  • Kingdom of Jerusalem

  • Creates enmity between the Christians and Muslims

  • Gives Christians a taste for the Middle East


Delhi sultanate
Delhi Sultanate

  • Take over Gupta Empire

  • Turkish Slaves take over and form Delhi Sultanate

  • Keep India safe from Mongols….for now


Southeast asia
Southeast Asia

  • Funan: state which traded with India and was strongly influenced by both Chinese and Indian Cultures


Japan
Japan

  • Yamato Kingdom: 607 CE

  • Taika Reforms: set up government based on Tang dynasty bureacracy


Song dynasty1
Song Dynasty

  • 960-1279: not very successful in uniting China, but did centralize the government


The mongols1
The Mongols!

  • Genghis Khan: “Universal Ruler”

  • United all Mongol tribes

  • Khanates: political regions



Aztecs
Aztecs

  • Calpulli: organization based on households and kinship

  • 1428: heavy expansion through warfare

  • Conquered areas paid tribute to Aztec emperor


Incas
Incas

  • Cuzco: capital of the Incas


Fall of constaninople
Fall of Constaninople

  • 1453: fall of the Byzantine Empire

    • Ottoman Turks (descended from Seljuk Turks)

    • End of Roman Empire


Fall of constantinople consequences
Fall of Constantinople: Consequences

  • End of Roman Empire

  • First time cannon was used in warfare

  • Beginning of Ottoman Empire

  • Continued Muslim/Christian tensions


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