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Alisher Navoiyning hayoti va ijodi.

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AlisherNavoiyning

hayotivaijodi


O’zbekxalqiningbuyukshoiriAlisherNavoiy 1441 yil 9 fevraldaHirotshahridatug’ildi. U yoshligidajudaziyrakvazehniotkirbir bola edi. AlisherningotasiGiyosiddinilm, san’atningqadrinibiladigankishiedi. Shuninguchunoglinigyaxshitarbiyaolishiga, ma’lumotlibolishigakattaahamiyatberdi.

AlisherNavoiyinsontafakkuri, aqli, bilimnivailmiybilimlariniyuksakqadrlagan. U bilimvadonishmandlikinsonnignbezagidirdebyozadi.


AlisherNavoiy bola tarbiyasigavauni shahs sifatidashaklantirishgakattaahamiyatberib, bolanihayot “Chirogidebta’riflaydi”. Bola oilagabaxtvasaodatkeltiruvchiziyodir. U turkvaforstillaridaijodqilgan. Navoiyottizgayaqinshe’rlartoplami, yirik-yirikdostonlarvarisolalarningmuallifidir.

Uningbeshdostondaniborat “Hamsa”sibutundunyogamashxsurdir: “Hayratulabror” (1483), “FarhodvaShirin” (1484), “LaylivaMajnun” (1484), “Sab’ausayyor” (1484), “SaddiIskandariy” (1485).


Uningqalamigadoir “Xazoinul-maoniy” (1491 – 1498), “Badoiyul-bidol” (1500), “Muhokamatul-lugatain” (1949) katiasarlarimavjud.

AlisherNavoiybarchaasarlaridafeodallaryuritaetgankuchvahukmronliknitanqidqiladi.

Uningfakrichamamlakatdama’rifatchilikinsonparvalikvaadolatchilikhulmsurishizarur.

Uningshe’riytoplamlarivaboshqaasarlaridata’lim-tarbiyamasalariga, erkurrasidayahaetganbarchainsonlarmillatiganqa’inazartengdir. U insonlarhayotmazmuninifaqatmehanttashkiletadi, deydi. Buyukshoirvaolim 1501 yil 13 yanvardaHirotshahridavafotetdi.


AlisherNavoiy

hikmatlari


1. Agar qilmadi el himoyatsenga,

O’zinginkerakdirshikoyatsenga.

2. Ayturso’zniayt

Aytasso’zdinqayt

3. Befoydaso’zniko’paytma,

Foydaliso’zniko’peshiturdinqaytma

4. Bilmaganingso’rabo’rganganolim

O’rlanibso’ramagano’zigazolim

5. Boshnifidoqilgilatoboshiga,

Jismniqilsadqaanoqoshiga.

Tun-kininggaaylagalinurfosh,

Birsinoyayla, birisinquyosh.


6. Bu gulshanichrayo’qdirbaqoguliga sabot.

Ajabsaodaterurqolsayaxshilikbilaot.

7. Vafosizdahayoyo’q, hayosizdavafoyo’q.

8. Kishixanzaleksa, achig bar topar,

Va gar nay shakareksa, shakartopar.

9. Mehnatarodurkushodtopmoqbilgil,

Ranjichradurunmurodtopmoqbilgil.

10. Odamiersang, demagilodami,

Oniki, yoqxalqg’amiding’ami.

11. Tilgaixtiyorsiz,

Elgae’tiborsiz.



G’urbatdag’aribshodmonbo’lmasemish,

El angashaiqumexribonbo’lmasemish.

Oltunqafasichra gar qizilgulbutsa,

Bulbulgatikondekoshyonbo’lmasemish.

“G’aroyib us-sig’ar”, 55-ruboiy.


Zoxid, senga – xur, manga – jononakerak,

Jannat – sangabo’lsun, manga – mayhonakerak.

Mayhonaarosoqiyupaymonakerak,

Paymonanechabo’lsato’la, yonakerak.

“G’aroyib us-sig’ar”, 79-ruboiy.


Jondinseniko’psevarmen, eyumriaziz,

Sondinseniko’psevarmen, eyumriaziz.

Xarnenikisevmakondunortuqbo’lmas,

Ondinseniko’psevatmen, eyumriaziz.

“G’aroyib us-sig’ar”, 47-ruboiy.


Kim ko’rdijaxondaoyohushluq,

To birkishiaylagaytamannohushluq.

Yuzyilda agar biro’lsapaydohushluq,

Omandadururyonidayuznohushluq.

“G’aroyib us-sig’ar”, 75-ruboiy.


Mutafakkir

Yozuvchi

Shoir

Navoiy

Faylasuf

Adabiyotshunos

Sa’natkor

Davlat

arbobi

Komil

inson