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# Verification of Probabilistic Forecast PowerPoint PPT Presentation

RA VI Clips Workshop. Verification of Probabilistic Forecast. J.P. Céron – Direction de la Climatologie S. Mason - IRI. The Exercise. identify the forecasts of El Niño, Neutral, and La Niña years. L. E E E E E.

Verification of Probabilistic Forecast

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RA VI Clips Workshop

## Verification of Probabilistic Forecast

J.P. Céron – Direction de la Climatologie

S. Mason - IRI

### The Exercise

• identify the forecasts of El Niño, Neutral, and La Niña years

L

E E E E E

E L

### The Exercise

• identify the forecasts of El Niño, Neutral, and La Niña years

### The Exercise

• calculate forecast probabilities for El Niño, neutral, and La Niña events

0 % 80 % 20 %

100 % 0 % 0 %

20 % 60 % 20 %

### The Exercise

• calculate forecast probabilities for El Niño, neutral, and La Niña events

### The Exercise

• calculate forecast biases

20 % - 33 %

The frequency of La Niña forecasts is 18 / (18*5) = 0,20

The observed frequency of La Niña events is 6 / 18 = 0,33

### The Exercise

• calculate forecast biases

### The Exercise

• calculate the Hit Rate and False Alarme Rate

1,00 1,00

0,83 0,25

0,83 0,00

0,50 0,00

0,50 0,00

0,17 0,00

### The Exercise

• calculate the Hit Rate and False Alarme Rate

• ROC diagram

• ROC diagram

### The Exercise

• Brier skill scores

• Differences between the ROC areas and Brier skill scores

• The ROC areas indicate more optimistic estimates of forecast skill, most notably for the neutral conditions.

• The Brier skill score indicates negative skill for forecasts of neutral conditions. The Brier skill scores for this category are weak because of the large forecast bias, but the ROC ignores the bias.