Liberal and illiberal democracy
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LIBERAL AND ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY. READINGS. Smith, Democracy , chs. 9-10 Modern Latin America, ch. 4 (Central America) CR #2: Peeler, “Social Justice and the New Indigenous Politics” . OUTLINE. Social Equity Workers Women Indigenous Peoples Illiberal Democracy Press Freedom

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Readings
READINGS

  • Smith, Democracy, chs. 9-10

  • Modern Latin America, ch. 4 (Central America)

  • CR #2: Peeler, “Social Justice and the New Indigenous Politics”


Outline
OUTLINE

  • Social Equity

    • Workers

    • Women

    • Indigenous Peoples

  • Illiberal Democracy

    • Press Freedom

    • Citizen Rights


Table 9-1. Employment and Wages in Latin America, 1980-1999

1980199019951999

Unemployment (%) 6.7 8.0 7.2 8.8

Real Wages

(1980=100) 100.0 86.6 92.4 102.9

Real Minimum Wage

(1980 = 100) 100.0 68.4 70.8 73.8


Table 9-2. Women in Latin American Legislatures, 1990 and 2000

______Women (as % total)*_____

Country_______ ___1990___ ___2000___

Argentina 5 27

Bolivia 9 12

Brazil 5 6

Chile 6 11

Colombia 9 12

Costa Rica 12 19

Dominican Republic 12 16

Ecuador 7 15

El Salvador -- 10

Guatemala 7 9

Honduras -- 9

Mexico 12 16

Nicaragua 19 10

Panama 8 10

Paraguay 4 3

Peru 6 20

Uruguay 6 12

Venezuela 10 10


Indigenous peoples
Indigenous Peoples 2000

  • Bolivia: Party Politics

  • Ecuador: Social Movements

  • Guatemala: Political Redemption?

  • Peru: Silence and Sendero Luminoso

  • Mexico: Zapatista Uprising



Journalists Killed in Latin America, 1990-1999 2000

Country___ __ N Killings__

Colombia 36

Peru 12

Mexico 10

Brazil 8

Haiti 4

Argentina 3

Guatemala 3

Venezuela 2

Chile 1

Dominican

Republic 1

Honduras 1

Paraguay 1

Total 82

Source: Committee to Protect Journalists, Attacks on the Press in 1999 (New York: CPJ, 2000), 23.


Table 10-2. Electoral Regimes and Freedom of the Press, 1990s

_________________Regime____________________

Press____ Autocracy Semi-Democracy Democracy

Not Free 1 5 2

Partly Free 1 26 51

Free 0 0 47

Totals 2 31 100


The concept of illiberal democracy
THE CONCEPT OF 1990sILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY

  • Distinct Dimensions of Democracy:

    • Free and Fair Elections

    • Citizen Rights

  • Systematic Curtailment of Citizen Rights

  • Connection to “Delegative Democracy” (see p. 13)


CLASSIFYING CITIZEN RIGHTS 1990s

(Freedom House scales for “Civil Liberties”)

  • FH scores of 1-2 = Extensive

  • FH scores of 3-4 = Partial

  • FH scores of 5-7 = Minimal





1980-1989 Typology

________________Regime___________________

Civil Liberties___ Autocracy Semi-Democracy Democracy

Minimal 15 1 0

Partial 59 30 41

Extensive 1 4 39

Totals 75 35 80


1990-2000 Typology

_________________Regime_________________

Civil Liberties___ Autocracy Semi-Democracy Democracy

Minimal 3 0 0

Partial 4 53 109

Extensive 0 2 38

Totals 7 55 147


Political Regimes in 1999: Countries and Population Typology

N %

Regime Type___ __Countries__ __Population__

Liberal Democracy 3 <5

Illiberal Democracy 11 60

Illiberal Semi-Democracy 5 33

Autocracy 1 2


The End Typology


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