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Religion and Meaning in Life
A majority of middle-aged adults are religious and consider spirituality a major part of their lives.
Spirituality significantly increases from the early 30s to the late 60s and early 70s.
Females are more interested and active in both organized and personal forms of religion than men.
Americans show strong belief in God and religion but show declining faith in mainstream religions, religious leaders, and the moral stature of the nation.
4. Religion is linked to health:
Some religious cults and sects encourage behaviors that negatively affect health, such as refusing medications or ignoring sound medical advice.
The effects of mainstream religion on health are mediated by other factors, but overall, there is a positive relationship with longevity.
Religion may promote better health:
Physically: lowering blood pressure and muscle tension.
Psychologically: supporting better coping skills.
5. Some studies show religion:
Is associated with a sense of competence and control, freedom from guilt and worry, and an absence of illness.
May or may not be related to ones happiness.
Some coping may be affected by spiritual support that is related to personal adjustment.
Religious beliefs can affect perceptions of pain or disabilitythus affecting decisions to seek treatment.
6. Many have pondered the meaning of lifethe search may come after great personal losses.
Frankl identified three most distinct human qualities as:
In middle adulthood, the reality of approaching death forces one to ask questions and evaluate the answers.
7. Baumeister has argued that the quest for the meaning of life may be understood in terms of 4 needs:
A sense of efficacy.