Disease of external nose. BY- KCSUDEEP. Cellulitis. The nasal skin may be invaded by streptococci or staphylcocci leading to a red, swollen and tender nose sometimes , it is an extension of infection from the nasal vestibule. Treatment
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It can also result from excessive removal of septum in submucous resection , destruction of septal cartilages by haematoma or abscess, sometimes by leprosy, tuberculosis or syphilis.
Hump nose this may also involve the bone or cartilage or both bone and cartilage.
Treatment is neurosurgical: severing the tumour stalk from the brain and repairing the bony defect through which herniation has taken
Glioma- it is a nipped off portion of encephalocele during embroyonic development. MOST OF THEM (60% ) are extranasal and present as firm subcutaneous swellings on the bridge, side of nose or near the inner canthus. Some of them are purely in tranasal (30%) while 10% are both intra and extra nasal. Extranasalgliomas are encapsulated and can be easily removed by external nasal approach
Rhinophyma or potato tumour is a slow-growing benign tumour due to hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands of the tip of nose often seen in cases of long-standing acne rosacea. It presents as a pink , lobulated mass over the nose with superficilal vascular dilation : mostly affects men past middle age.
Treatment consists of paring down the bulk of tumour with sharp knife or carbon diaoxide laser and the area allowed to re-epithelialise. Sometimes, tumour is completely excised and the raw area skin-grafted.
Basal cell carcinoma starts in the top layer of the skin called the epidermis. It grows slowly and is painless. A new skin growth that bleeds easily or does not heal well may suggest basal cell carcinoma. The majority of these cancers occur on areas of skin that are regularly exposed to sunlight or other ultraviolet radiation. They may also appear on the scalp. Basal cell skin cancer used to be more common in people over age 40, but is now often diagnosed in younger people.
Treatment varies depending on the size, depth, and location of the basal cell cancer. It will be removed using one of the following procedures:
This is an example of melanoma or malignant melanoma. This is the most dangerous form, and also the most rare.
This melanoma grew under this man’s fingernail. The nail has been removed to facilitate removal of the tumor.
The large brown mass on the side of this woman’s nose is a malignant melanoma.
This is the same woman. Her melanoma has been removed. If you look closely, you can see the depression where the tumor once was located.
Doctors found that her cancer had spread, so she underwent chemotherapy to try to obliterate all of the cancerous cells. The differences in the woman’s appearance are side effects of the chemotherapy.
It’s hard to see what is wrong with this woman. There is a melanoma on the right side of her nose in this picture. Although it’s not dark, the tumor is still melanoma.
The woman’s nose had to be removed because the cancer was so advanced. The pen marks are guides for radiation, while the mouth cork is to keep her airway open.
This is not a color enhanced photo. This woman did not read the warnings on her medicine. She went to the tanning bed while taking tetracycline. This antibiotic amplifies the effects of UV light.
Immunological factors and UV light: normal epidermal Langerhans cells on the left; there are fewer cells on the right after being treated with UV light.
So never press or squeeze a boil over this areaor you will land yourself in grave trouble.