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Integration into a new setting: how do children integrate following their trafficking experience and what can we learn from work with other populations regarding integration? 11 th October 2012. Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people. Ravi KS Kohli

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Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people. Ravi KS Kohli

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Integration into a new setting: how do children integrate following their trafficking experience and what can we learn from work with other populations regarding integration?11th October 2012


Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people.

Ravi KS Kohli

Professor of Child Welfare

University of Bedfordshire


Key Questions

  • what are we learning about the barriers and challenges to integration for separated children seeking asylum in the UK?

  • what are some of the strategies that can support the integration of children into a new setting?


Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children

  • Someone who is (or looks as if they are) under 18 years of age.

  • Separated from parents or other adult relatives or guardians.

  • Making an asylum application in their own right.

  • Needs the protection of welfare services in the country of asylum while their claim is examined and settled.


Refugees in the World in 2010

  • 25.2 million displaced.

  • 10.55million refugees.

  • 4.62 million children.

  • Mostly from Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia.

  • Major host countries: Pakistan, Iran, Syria, Germany, Jordan, Kenya, Chad, China, USA, UK.

  • In UK 3.84 refugees per 1000 people.

  • 15,500 unaccompanied child applicants in 69countries.

  • 1,717 unaccompanied child asylum applicants in the UK.


17 or under: Initial decisions 2005-2010

Total Numbers: 15,045

Discretionary Leave: 10,500

Refused: 2,885

Refugee Status: 1,540

Humanitarian Protection: 95


A labelled identity

house and ‘home’

Anonymity

fellowship

‘Thin’ Stories

‘Thick’

stories

linking roots and shoots

Choosing to move

citizenship

Restricted movement

Kinship

Education

Money

Status

Sanctuary


The Scottish Guardianship Service

  • A Guardian is someone who accompanies children and young people when they claim asylum or are trafficked and are cared for by health, education and welfare services.  

  • A Guardian will help a child or young person to be actively involved in decisions that affect their life and to get the help they need, when they need it.  

  • A Guardian is on the child's side, can explain what is happening to them, will listen to their views and experiences and speak up for them when needed.  A Guardian will also help a child or young person to plan their future, whether in the UK or elsewhere.


A Guardian is...

By their side

On their side

As they arrive, stay or leave.


Intended Focus of Work

Each separated young person has a significantly improved experience of the immigration and welfare processes.

Welfare

Asylum

Scottish Guardianship Service

To develop a child-centred model of practice that:

promotes interagency working and

provides better information upon which to base immigration decisions


Year 1: Young People’s Views

  • The young people feel positive about ‘their’ Guardians: friends, family members, trusted and reliable companions, trouble-shooters, connectors, diary organisers and guides. They helped reduce bewilderment and loneliness.

  • Guardians offer clarity, kindness, repetition, de-briefing, constancy and companionship, trust, elasticity and ‘sense-making’ in a difficult world.

  • She endures with me…


Domains of Guardianship Working

Lawyers

UKBA

Friends

Social work

Scottish Guardianship

Service

Project work

Health

Dancing

Education

Arts & crafts

Accommodation

Social Activities


Child or adult?

Age disputed

Asylum

Seeker

Bogus

Refugee

Victim

Trafficked

Unaccompanied

Foreign


Businessman

Accountant

Footballer

Chef

Billionaire

Nurse

President

Basketball

Player


Support

  • Time

  • Companionship

  • Constancy and endurance.

  • Bringing everyday life back.

  • Dignity

  • Supporting ambitions for safety, belonging and success.


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