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Integration into a new setting: how do children integrate following their trafficking experience and what can we learn from work with other populations regarding integration? 11 th October 2012. Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people. Ravi KS Kohli

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Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people ravi ks kohli

Integration into a new setting: how do children integrate following their trafficking experience and what can we learn from work with other populations regarding integration?11th October 2012


Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people ravi ks kohli

Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people.

Ravi KS Kohli

Professor of Child Welfare

University of Bedfordshire


Key questions

Key Questions

  • what are we learning about the barriers and challenges to integration for separated children seeking asylum in the UK?

  • what are some of the strategies that can support the integration of children into a new setting?


Unaccompanied asylum seeking children

Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children

  • Someone who is (or looks as if they are) under 18 years of age.

  • Separated from parents or other adult relatives or guardians.

  • Making an asylum application in their own right.

  • Needs the protection of welfare services in the country of asylum while their claim is examined and settled.


Refugees in the world in 2010

Refugees in the World in 2010

  • 25.2 million displaced.

  • 10.55million refugees.

  • 4.62 million children.

  • Mostly from Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia.

  • Major host countries: Pakistan, Iran, Syria, Germany, Jordan, Kenya, Chad, China, USA, UK.

  • In UK 3.84 refugees per 1000 people.

  • 15,500 unaccompanied child applicants in 69countries.

  • 1,717 unaccompanied child asylum applicants in the UK.


17 or under initial decisions 2005 2010

17 or under: Initial decisions 2005-2010

Total Numbers: 15,045

Discretionary Leave: 10,500

Refused: 2,885

Refugee Status: 1,540

Humanitarian Protection: 95


Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people ravi ks kohli

A labelled identity

house and ‘home’

Anonymity

fellowship

‘Thin’ Stories

‘Thick’

stories

linking roots and shoots

Choosing to move

citizenship

Restricted movement

Kinship

Education

Money

Status

Sanctuary


The scottish guardianship service

The Scottish Guardianship Service

  • A Guardian is someone who accompanies children and young people when they claim asylum or are trafficked and are cared for by health, education and welfare services.  

  • A Guardian will help a child or young person to be actively involved in decisions that affect their life and to get the help they need, when they need it.  

  • A Guardian is on the child's side, can explain what is happening to them, will listen to their views and experiences and speak up for them when needed.  A Guardian will also help a child or young person to plan their future, whether in the UK or elsewhere.


A guardian is

A Guardian is...

By their side

On their side

As they arrive, stay or leave.


Intended focus of work

Intended Focus of Work

Each separated young person has a significantly improved experience of the immigration and welfare processes.

Welfare

Asylum

Scottish Guardianship Service

To develop a child-centred model of practice that:

promotes interagency working and

provides better information upon which to base immigration decisions


Year 1 young people s views

Year 1: Young People’s Views

  • The young people feel positive about ‘their’ Guardians: friends, family members, trusted and reliable companions, trouble-shooters, connectors, diary organisers and guides. They helped reduce bewilderment and loneliness.

  • Guardians offer clarity, kindness, repetition, de-briefing, constancy and companionship, trust, elasticity and ‘sense-making’ in a difficult world.

  • She endures with me…


Domains of guardianship working

Domains of Guardianship Working

Lawyers

UKBA

Friends

Social work

Scottish Guardianship

Service

Project work

Health

Dancing

Education

Arts & crafts

Accommodation

Social Activities


Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people ravi ks kohli

Child or adult?

Age disputed

Asylum

Seeker

Bogus

Refugee

Victim

Trafficked

Unaccompanied

Foreign


Integration in a time limited space for asylum seeking young people ravi ks kohli

Businessman

Accountant

Footballer

Chef

Billionaire

Nurse

President

Basketball

Player


Support

Support

  • Time

  • Companionship

  • Constancy and endurance.

  • Bringing everyday life back.

  • Dignity

  • Supporting ambitions for safety, belonging and success.


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