Chapter 12
Download
1 / 13

Chapter 12 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 158 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 12. Concepts of Emergency and Disaster Preparedness. Disaster. Disaster — an event in which illness or injuries exceed resource capabilities of a community or medical facility: Violence Illness outbreaks Severe weather Earthquakes Avalanches Fire.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 12' - denton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 12

Chapter 12

Concepts of Emergency and Disaster Preparedness


Disaster
Disaster

  • Disaster—an event in which illness or injuries exceed resource capabilities of a community or medical facility:

    • Violence

    • Illness outbreaks

    • Severe weather

    • Earthquakes

    • Avalanches

    • Fire


Multi casualty events and mass casualty events
Multi-Casualty Events and Mass Casualty Events

  • Multi-Casualty Event—can be managed by a hospital using local resources.

  • Mass Casualty Event—local medical capabilities are overwhelmed and may require the collaboration of multiple agencies and health care facilities to handle the crisis.



Impact of recent disasters
Impact of Recent Disasters

  • Events of September 11, 2001

  • HAZMAT training

  • Emergency preparedness



Emergency preparedness and response cont d
Emergency Preparedness and Response (Cont’d)

  • In mass casualty or disaster situations, a military form of triage is implemented with the overall goal of doing the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

  • Safety concerns for providers in the field.


Disaster triage tag system
Disaster Triage Tag System

  • Red Tag—emergent (class I) patients

  • Yellow Tag—patients who can wait a short time for care (class II)

  • Green Tag—nonurgent or “walking wounded” (class III)

  • Black Tag—patients who are expected to die or are dead (class IV)


Notification and activation of emergency preparedness plans
Notification and Activation of Emergency Preparedness Plans

  • Radio or cellular communication between the ED and EMS providers at the scene

  • Media broadcast message via radio, television, or electronic announcements

  • DMAT team


Hospital incident command system
Hospital Incident Command System

  • Common organizational model for disaster management

  • Roles formally structured under the hospital or long-term care facility incident commander with clear lines of authority and accountability for specific resources

  • Emergency Operations Center or Command Center

  • Hospital incident commander

  • Medical command physician

  • Triage officer


Role of nursing in hospital incident command system
Role of Nursing in Hospital Incident Command System

  • Meet patient needs

  • Personal emergency preparedness plan

  • Personal readiness supplies or “go bag”



Event resolution
Event Resolution

  • Debriefing:

    • Critical incident stress debriefing

    • Administrative review

  • Psychosocial response of survivors to mass casualty events


ad