Slovenian experience in guidance supporting parents in career counseling to their children. Maruša Goršak Špela Reš. „FAMILY CAREER COMPASS - Efficient Career Guidance Approaches Supporting Parents in Guiding their Children’s Vocational Career”. About Kadis d.o.o. Founded in 1992
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„FAMILY CAREER COMPASS - Efficient Career Guidance Approaches Supporting Parents in Guiding their Children’s Vocational Career”
(app. 14% 18 to 24 year-old leave school with a lower secondary education or less)
The „lost“ individuals
Dissatisfaction with vocational choice/job position
(only 40% individuals between 21. in 30. years old are satisfied.; psychosomatic problems)
Unemployment (we don‘t have the insight in the labour market situation)
Self exploration trough often job changing
(USA: 64% individuals change job 5x -14x in their lifetime)
72,6% of children discuss their educational and vocational decision with their parents!
I‘m going to career counseling to their children„make“ passports like my father when I grow up!
How parents influence their childrenvocation and educational choices?
WHERE CAN PARENTS LEARN HOW TO DO THAT!!!
Organization and Financing of Education Actstates that school counsellors can only become specialists who have graduated from university studies: psychology, pedagogy and andragogy, social work, social pedagogy and defectology (children and youth with special needs)
National Guidelines for Schools Counselling Servicedefine so called Minimal Standards for Guidance counsellors in Schools.The national programme is largely implemented by school counsellors with the assistance of the Employment Service of Slovenia (ESS), providing guidance services through Centres for Information and Vocational Counselling (VICC).
According to Minimal Standards every primary school should:
ensure all pupils have access to the information
execute 2 hours long lecture/workshop per year for pupils in last two grades in primary schools
provide access to at least one individual counseling session for each pupil before they finished primary school
collect data on pupils for the purpose of career guidance
organize at least one lecture for parents of children in last two grades of primary school regarding their role and influence on children’s’ educational and vocational choicesandprovide access to individual counseling for parents where they can discuss child’s career choices.
All schools provide group session to help pupils filling in the application formsfor secondary schools. Beside that schools organize a visit to local Vocational Information and Counseling Centre, which can students later on visit also with their parents.
Parents usually accompany their children on so called Information days organized by secondary school.
According to Minimal Standards every secondary school should provide:
Group lectures for parents and individual counselling sessions are determined but the content is not related with career guidance.
There are no formal and little informal training programs available in the field of career guidance.
School counselors can choose between different short training programs (8 to 16 hours) that are also related to career guidance (eg. counselling approaches).
From 2004 to 2009 there was only one workshop offered by THE NATIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA but was canceled due to low number of applications.
Institute for Vocational Education and training has designed a training program in 2010 called „New trends in information giving and counselling for youth making their first career choice“ – the program was successful, but didn‘t address parents involvement specifically (source: Polak Wiliams, 2011)
Private providers offer lectures for parents, counsellors and students (KADIS, IZIDA, VIZOR …) – problem is
Definition of key concepts
What, when, why
Ginzberg‘s career development stages
The complexness of career choices
The influence of various factors in Vocational/Career decisions
The parents‘ influence – what is my role, what can I do?
Career planning with DOTS model
Labor market today – which are perspective professions
How to get familiarized with different professions
Which school to choose
How to communicate with a teenager regarding his career planning
Where to find useful information – who, what can help us
It started as a project founded by EU commission and Slovenian Ministry of Education in 2008.
Target group: pupils, students, school counselors, parents, participants in adult education.
In the first year it had about 44.000 visitors –and already 127.330 in the last year (2012).
10.000 visitors per month and 2600 likes on FB
Information is gathered form different institutions like Ministry of Education, Slovenian Institute for adult education, Chamber of crafts, Employment service and others.
To popularize the website a series of printed information materials was provided for whole generation (approximately 18,000 pupils per year).
RESULTS: enrollment in vocational schoolsin 2011/2012 hasincreasedthe first time since the school year 2004/2005despite the decline in generations.