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Grade 10 Canadian History . Post war analysis. 1945-1967. Agenda . Cold War Details +Video St. Lawrence Seaway Immigration Baby Boom The Changing Canada A Face of Canada Series Film . The Cold War.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Cold War
    • Details +Video
  • St. Lawrence Seaway
  • Immigration
  • Baby Boom
  • The Changing Canada
    • A Face of Canada Series Film
the cold war
The Cold War
  • As you have learnt, the Cold War was one that moved towards an arms race (nuclear weapons)
  • Propaganda also played an important role
    • Scare tactics

Leaders involved: Truman (US) and Stalin (Russia)

Overview of the Cold War--

russia s view
Russia’s view
  • Stalin wanted Germany to remain broken (no industrialization) to avoid re-militarization and another invasion
  • He was also seeking reparations from Germany but knew that it would put pressure on them and they may lash out
  • He wanted to create support for Russia/Soviet across Europe and was trying to spread the communist beliefs, again more land support = more power
  • Stalin did support the US with forming the United Nations but he didn’t agree with any other things Truman stood for
    • The Marshall Plan (to help Germany rebuild)
Stalin set up pro-communist countries in Poland and Eastern European countries– this divide was knows as the IRON CURTAIN

What do you think happened here?

germany s situation
Germany’s Situation
  • Was being supported by French, British and US efforts
  • Stalin tried to drive them out so that he could convince Germany to be a part of the Soviet bloc
  • Truman arranged air drops of supplies for Germans called “The Berlin airlift”
  • A wall was erected in 1961 to protect the Eastern side of Germany against threats from the Western Side, this known as the Berlin Wall
  • The belief existed that West Germany was still not rid of Nazi thinking as well as fascist dictatorship
the korean war 1950 53
The tensions erupted between the two powersThe Korean War 1950-53
  • Cold War tensions between the United States and the USSR eventually exploded in Korea when Soviet-backed North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950.

Truman was criticized for not using nuclear weapons and was voted out of office and lost to Eisenhower

-Cease fire (no more war) was agreed only after Eisenhower threatened to use nuclear weapons

-There are conflicting dates about the end of the Cold War, some believe it has never officially ended and so it has been the centre of much conspiracy etc (James Bond Movies etc)


The seaway opened in 1959 and was an example of economic cooperation between the US and Canada

  • It was a very expensive venture and the US were not entirely on board at first, they saw the value of the seaway after Canada began to boom– they were focusing on mining and expanding their own railway
  • Used to ship supplies for trade and natural gradients in the land were used to produce Hydroelectric power, the Sea Way had to be artificially built in some areas to go around Niagara Falls
  • The Seaway enabled the profit off of agricultural products and delivered much needed supplies across Canada
the war bride phenomena
The War Bride Phenomena

After WW2, many of the soldiers overseas married European women – British, Dutch and Belgians

War brides came back with their husbands to Canada, they were the first real immigrants since no one really came during the depression or WW2

48000 war brides entered Canada

21000 children also accompanied their parents

refugees and immigration
Refugees and Immigration
  • What is the difference?
  • Since 1948, we have reformed to accept refugees in Canada
  • Many came wanting to get away from possible communism
  • Immigrants came looking for opportunities in a booming land
  • Italians, Greeks and Southern Europeans wanted into Canada, they wanted a new start a new life
canadian citizenship
Canadian Citizenship
  • Concept is born in 1947
    • Prior-- if you were born here you were considered a British subject and you were considered a naturalized immigrant if you were here for more than 5 years
    • The citizenship act of 1974 gave “citizenship” or a sense of real belonging to both those types of people mentioned above
section 4 the baby boom
Section 4: The Baby Boom
  • The War very similarly to WW1 stalled life, men and women returned from war and continued their lives:
    • New immigrants were finding jobs in their new home and having families–
    • We had 300 000 more births in Canada in 1945 to over 400 000 by the end of 1952
the shift
The Baby BoomersThe Shift
  • Education
    • Agricultural families = children needed to work on the farm
    • 6 years of schooling only (grade 5)
    • Education believed now to be more important and a right
    • Students began to stay in school longer
the changing face of a nation
The Changing Face of A Nation

Video and Question Sheet