The Industrial Revolution. Historical significance of the Industrial Revolution. An ancient Greek or Roman would have been just as comfortable in Europe in 1700 because daily life ws not much difernt -agriculture and tech ology were not much cha nged in 2000+ years
of the World"
That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte
“Enclosed” Lands Today
Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure
Richard Arkwright:“Pioneer of the Factory System”
The “Water Frame”
John Kay’s “Flying Shuttle”
Factories are relocated near raw materials, workers and ports
Coal Mining in Britain:1800-1914
James Watt’s Steam Engine
Modern Railway Age
“The Great Land Serpent”
Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.
Crystal Palace:British Ingenuity on Display
Crystal Palace:American Pavilion
Thrived on the
Luxuries of the
19c Bourgeoisie: The Industrial Nouveau Riche
& the Destitute
Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830
The Silent Highwayman - 1858
Early-19c Londonby Gustave Dore
The Life of the New Urban Poor: A Dickensian Nightmare!
Private Charities: The “Lady Bountifuls”
The Luddites: 1811-1816
Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].
Ned Ludd [a mythical figure supposed to live in Sherwood Forest]
Peterloo Massacre, 1819
BritishSoldiers Fire on BritishWorkers:Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!
The “Peoples’ Charter”
A female Chartist
A physical force—Chartists arming for the fight.
The Utilitarians:Jeremy Bentham & John Stuart Mill
The Socialists:Utopians & Marxists
to the Dislocation
at the end of the 19c
By 1850: Zones of Industrializationon the European Continent
Industrialization By 1850
Share in World Manufacturing Output: 1750-1900
Late 18c: French Economic Advantages