Hungary s act xxvi of 1998
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Hungary’s Act XXVI of 1998. ( ON PROVISION OF THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS LIVING WITH DISABILITY  AND THEIR EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY ). Where is Hungary?. General Overview of the Hungarian Republic.

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Hungary’s Act XXVI of 1998

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Hungary s act xxvi of 1998

Hungary’s Act XXVI of 1998

( ON PROVISION OF THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS LIVING WITH DISABILITY AND THEIR EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY)


Where is hungary

Where is Hungary?


General overview of the hungarian republic

General Overview of the Hungarian Republic

  • Located in Central Eastern Europe Border Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia

  • Covers an area of 93,030 sq km

  • Population: over 10 million


Developent of hungary s equalization opportunity law act xxxvi of 1998

DEVELOPENT OF HUNGARY’S EQUALIZATION OPPORTUNITY LAW (ACT XXXVI OF 1998)

  • History

  • General Provisions and Basic Principles

  • Purpose


Definitions

Definitions

  • “a person living with a disability” – anyone who is to a significant extent or entirely not in possession of a sensory – particularly sight, hearing, locomotor, or intellectual – functions, or who is substantially restricted in communication and is thereby placed at a permanent disadvantage regarding active participation in the life of society.


Rehabilitation

“rehabilitation”

  • a process realized in the health care, mental hygiene, education, training, retraining, employment and social welfare systems, aimed at developing or maintaining the level of capability of the person living with disability for participation in the life of society, and at promoting independent living.


Hungary s act xxvi of 1998

“aid”

  • serving to partially or fully make up for the partial or full lack of physical or sensory capability in persons living with disability


Supporting service

“supporting service”

  • service aimed at promoting independent living for persons living with disability, at meeting their everyday needs and realized though personal participation


Residential home

“residential home”

  • form of residence for a small community, promoting independent living for persons living with disability.


Chapter 2 rights to which persons with living with disability are entitled

Chapter 2: Rights to which persons with living with disability are entitled:

  • Environment

  • Communication

  • Transport

  • Supporting services, aids


Target areas for the equalization of opportunities

Target areas for the equalization of opportunities

  • Health care

  • Education, Training

  • Employment

  • Place of residence

  • Culture, Sport


Hungarian act xxvi of 1998 and ada

Hungarian Act XXVI of 1998andADA

  • ADA’s Title I v. Act XXVI of 1998

    employment


Hungary s act of xxvi of 1998 and ada

Hungary’s Act of XXVI of 1998and ADA

  • ADA’s Title II v. Act XXVI of 1998

    public services and transportation


Hungary s act xxvi of 1998 and ada

Hungary’s Act XXVI of 1998and ADA

  • ADA’s Title III v. Act XXVI of 1998

    Public Accommodation and Environment


Hungary s act xxvi of 1998

Hungary’s Act XXVIandUN Draft Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (aka Draft Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disability)


Hungary s act xxvi of 1998

PREAMBLEDraft Article 1: PURPOSEDraft Article 2: GENERAL PRINCIPLESDraft Article 3: DEFINITIONSDraft Article 4: GENERAL OBLIGATIONSDraft Article 5: PROMOTION OF POSITIVE ATTITUDES TO PERSONS WITH DISABILITIESDraft Article 6: STATISTICS AND DATA COLLECTIONDraft Article 7: EQUALITY AND NON-DISCRIMINATIONDraft Article 8: RIGHT TO LIFEDraft Article 9: EQUAL RECOGNITION AS A PERSON BEFORE THE LAWDraft Article 10: LIBERTY AND SECURITY OF THE PERSONDraft Article 11: FREEDOM FROM TORTURE OR CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENTDraft Article 12: FREEDOM FROM VIOLENCE AND ABUSEDraft Article 13: FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND OPINION, AND ACCESS TO INFORMATIONDraft Article 14: RESPECT FOR PRIVACY, THE HOME AND THE FAMILYDraft Article 15: LIVING INDEPENDENTLY AND BEING INCLUDED IN THE COMMUNITYDraft Article 16: CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIESDraft Article 17: EDUCATIONDraft Article 18: PARTICIPATION IN POLITICAL AND PUBLIC LIFEDraft Article 19: ACCESSIBILITYDraft Article 20: PERSONAL MOBILITYDraft Article 21: RIGHT TO HEALTH AND REHABILITATIONDraft Article 22: RIGHT TO WORKDraft Article 23: SOCIAL SECURITY AND AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVINGDraft Article 24: PARTICIPATION IN CULTURAL LIFE, RECREATION, LEISURE AND SPORTDraft Article 25: MONITORING


Purpose of un draft convention

Purpose of UN Draft Convention

The purpose of this Convention shall be to ensure the full, effective and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities


Purpose of the hungarian act xxvi of 1998

Purpose of the Hungarian Act XXVI of 1998

1. To Define the rights of persons living

with disability.

2. To ensure equality of opportunity.


What un draft convention covers

What UN Draft Convention Covers

  • The right to life

  • Equal recognition before the law

  • Liberty and security of a person

  • Freedom from violence and abuse; as well as cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

  • Freedom of expression and opinion

  • Children with Disabilities

  • Education and participation in public and political life


What un draft convention covers1

What UN Draft Convention Covers

  • Accessibility

  • Personal Mobility

  • Right to Health and Rehabilitation

  • Right to work; social security, and adequate standard of living

  • Participation in cultural life, entertainment and sports


What hungarian act xxvi covers

What Hungarian Act XXVI covers

  • Transportation

  • Supporting service and aids

  • Health care

  • Education

  • Employment

  • Place of residence

  • The right to rehabilitation

  • Disability support

  • Who is going to be assigned in ensuring these things


Definitions draft article 3

Definitions(Draft Article 3)

  • “Accessibility”

  • “Communication”

  • “Disability”

  • “Discrimination on the ground of disability”

  • “Reasonable Accommodation”


Accessibility un draft convention

“Accessibility”(UN Draft Convention)

  • Addressed in Article 19, under “Accessibility”

  • States Parties to this Convention shall take appropriate 66 measures to

  • 1. identify and eliminate obstacles, and

  • 2. to ensure accessibility for persons with disabilities to

    a. the built67 environment,

    b. to transportation,

    c. to information and communications, (including information

    and communications technologies), and

    d. to other services 68 in order to ensure the capacity of

    persons with disabilities to live independently and to

    participate fully in all aspects of life.


Facilities covered under draft convention

Facilities covered (under Draft Convention)

  • Public buildings

  • Roads

  • Other facilities for public use (schools, housing, medical facilities, indoor and outdoor facilities, public workplaces)

  • Public transportation facilities


Accessibility under hungarian act xxvi

“Accessibility” under Hungarian Act XXVI

  • Section 5:

  • “The person living with disability has the right to a man-made environment that presents no obstacles, can be perceived and is safe”

  • The right above applies particularly to orientation traffic and the man-made environment.


Communication un draft convention article 3

“Communication”(UN Draft Convention – Article 3)

  • "Communication" includes oral-aural communication, communication using:

    1. sign language,

    2. tactile communication,

    3. Braille,

    4. large print,

    5. audio,

    6. accessible multimedia,

    7. human reader (and other augmentative or alternative modes of communication, including accessible information and communication technology).


Communication hungarian act xxvi

“Communication”(Hungarian Act XXVI)

  • Section 6: Accessibility to information

  • Persons living with disability, their family members and helpers must be ensured the possibility of access to:

    a. information of public interest, as well as to

    b. information related to the rights to which

    the disabled are entitled and the services

    provided for them.

  • Information is accessible if disabled person can perceive it and if it ensures him of the possibility of appropriate interpretation.


Disability un draft convention article 3

“Disability”(UN Draft Convention – Article 3)

• Footnote 12


Disability hungarian act xxvi

“Disability”(Hungarian Act XXVI)

  • Section 4: “Person living with Disability”

  • Anyone who is to a significant extent or entirely not in possession of:

    a. sensory-particularly sight, hearing-locomotor

    or intellectual functions,

    b. or who is substantially restricted in

    communication and is thereby placed at a

    permanent disadvantage regarding active

    participation in the life of society


Discrimination un draft convention

“Discrimination”(UN Draft Convention)

  • Discrimination shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction which has the purpose or effect of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by persons with disabilities, on an equal footing, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms.

  • Discrimination shall include all forms of discrimination, including direct, indirect 24 and systemic, and shall also include discrimination based on an actual or perceived25 disability.


Reasonable accommodation un draft convention

“Reasonable Accommodation”(UN Draft Convention)

Footnote 27


Reasonable accommodation hungarian act xxvi of 1998

“Reasonable Accommodation”(Hungarian Act XXVI of 1998)

  • Used in employment and transportation


Government entities assigned to oversee these provisions

Government Entities Assigned to oversee these provisions:

  • National Disability Affairs Council

  • National Disability Affairs Program


National disability affairs council

National Disability Affairs Council

  • Takes initiatives

  • Makes proposals

  • Gives opinions (on draft regulations)

  • Co-ordinates in decision-making

  • Carries out and evaluates implementation of program

  • Regularly informs the govt. on the current life situation of people with disabilities


National disability affairs program

National Disability Affairs Program

  • Presents the social situation of people living with disability

  • Identifies the aims related to rehabilitation

  • Plans the tasks needed to bring about the change in social attitudes

  • Identifies the conditions needed to improve the quality of life

  • This program is adopted by the Parliament which re-examines resolutions every 4 yrs.


Comparison

Comparison

  • Place of Residence

  • Employment

  • Sports/Recreation

  • Access to Information

  • Rehabilitation

  • Disability Support

  • Education

  • Transportation


Conclusion

Conclusion


Useful links to disability issues in hungary

Useful Links to Disability issues in Hungary

  • http://www.talkingcities.co.uk/budapest_pages/essentials_df.htm

  • http://www.dpi.org/en/locations/national_assemblies/details.php?countryID=52

  • http://www.budapestsun.com/full_story.asp?ArticleId=%7b9E3AB3C7B118406EB55F455B3E7AF75A%7d&From=Business

  • http://www.budapestsun.com/full_story.asp?ArticleId=%7b082A9C22B8A648709CD3571841F65757%7d&From=News

  • http://www.budapestsun.com/full_story.asp?ArticleId=%7bBDFA83E6E5194E86828DFB54EF09A7C1%7d&From=News

  • http://www.bkv.hu/angol/mozgaskorlatozott/index.html

  • http://www.independentliving.org/donet/

  • http://www.inclusion-europe.org/documents/334.pdf

  • http://www.mdac.info/documents/P%20R%20E%20S%20S%20%20%20R%20E%20L%20E%20A%20S%20E.doc


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