More about greek accents and other weird stuff
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MORE About Greek Accents and other “weird stuff”. General Principles. An acute accent can remain on the antepenult ONLY if the ultima is short; otherwise it MUST move to the penult.

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MORE About Greek Accents and other “weird stuff”

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MORE About Greek Accentsand other “weird stuff”


General Principles

  • An acute accent can remain on the antepenult ONLY if the ultima is short; otherwise it MUST move to the penult.

  • If the penult is naturally long and the ultima has a short vowel or ends in -ai or -oi, then the accent will be a circumflex.

  • Accents are RECESSIVE (go as far to the left in the word as possible)

  • Accents are PERSISTENT– they tend to remain in the same location for most words


Acute Behavior

  • An acute on the ultima of a word WILL CHANGE to a grave if followed by another word.

  • makr£ (by itself)

  • Makr¦ ¹ ÐdÒj (followed by a word)


Contraction

  • Attic Greek disliked two vowel sounds “rubbing” against each other in two syllables

  • CONTRACTION – removes one of the vowels by combining it with the other

  • tim£w  timî

  • The resulting vowel is a LONG vowel (because it has 2 vowels inside it)


Crasis

  • Crasis (“mingling”) results from cramming one word that ends in a vowel into the following word if it begins with a vowel

  • T¦ ¥lla  t¥lla

  • p, t, and k before an aspirated word turn into their aspirated forms f, q, and c


Elision

  • Elision is the dropping of a short vowel at the end of a word if the following word begins with a vowel

  • ¢ll¦ ¥ge  ¢ll’¥ge

  • Note that an apostrophe ’ marks the missing vowel


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