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People to know: Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Rostow Wallerstein Von Thunen Weber Christaller Burgess Hoyt Harris Ullman - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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People to know: Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Rostow Wallerstein Von Thunen Weber Christaller Burgess Hoyt Harris Ullman . People to know: Carl Sauer: cultural landscape Thomas Malthus: population growth faster than food supply would mean disaster Rostow : stage of economic development

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People to know:

  • Carl Sauer

  • Thomas Malthus

  • Rostow

  • Wallerstein

  • Von Thunen

  • Weber

  • Christaller

  • Burgess

  • Hoyt

  • Harris Ullman


People to know:

  • Carl Sauer: cultural landscape

  • Thomas Malthus: population growth faster than food supply would mean disaster

  • Rostow: stage of economic development

  • Wallerstein: core-periphery model

  • Von Thunen: location theory for agriculture

  • Weber: location theory for industry/manufacturing

  • Christaller : central place theory

  • Burgess: Concentric urban model

  • Hoyt: Sector: urban model

  • Harris Ullman : multiple nuclei urban model




Rostow: stage of economic development

US economist Walter Rostow, argued that countries would progress through five stages



Strength of the Modernization model:

Over the long term, all countries are capable of development.

It has proved to works for some countries: Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan (Asian Dragons) the American South, Czech Republic, Ireland



Wallerstein: core-periphery model

Immanuel Wallerstein, a leading advocate of the approach characterizes the world system as a set of mechanisms which redistributes resources from the periphery to the core.


Dependency School of Thought/Model (1970s).Sees low development levels as being a result of the LDCs economic dependency on the MDCs.


Von Thunen’s Agricultural ModelA land use model used to explain the importance of proximity to the market in the choice of crops on commercial farms(this created a concentric pattern: circles sharing the same centers)


Because farmers must pay to transport their produce to the market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the market


Weber’s least cost theory market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the marketaccounted for the location of a manufacturing plant in terms of the owner’s desire to minimize three categories of costs.

1. Transportation

2. Labor

3. Agglomeration


Do Activity market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the market


Weber s model attempts to explain industrial location
Weber's model attempts to explain industrial location. market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the market


Weber used locational triangles to illustrate the impact of transport costs on industrial location.



B. Transporting raw materials costs less than finished product (maybe finished product delicate/more packaging)‏








C product (loss in bulk)ARL Sauer: Cultural Landscape


Malthus: product (loss in bulk)Malnutrition


Malthus: too many product (loss in bulk)mouths to feed


Rostow: product (loss in bulk)Stages of development


Wallerstein: Humpty Dumpty sat on a product (loss in bulk)wall

core

periphery


Von Thunen: Vons Transportation product (loss in bulk)




Burgess: Bulls eye product (loss in bulk)


Hoyt: Hot product (loss in bulk)

Sector Model=Sexy model



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