Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science
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Effects of Research Apprenticeship on In-Service Teachers’ Understanding of Nature of Science. Michelle R. Edgcomb Friday C&I 575 May 5, 2010. 1957: Launch of Sputnik spurs interest in science and engineering education 1.

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Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Effects of Research Apprenticeship on In-Service Teachers’ Understanding of Nature of Science

Michelle R. Edgcomb Friday

C&I 575

May 5, 2010


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

1957: Launch of Sputnik spurs interest in science and engineering education1

2010: President Obama cites need for science and math education multiple times in State of the Union Address2


What is science

What Is Science?

Practical vs. Esoteric

Content vs. Process

Accessible vs. Remote

Layperson vs. Practitioner

Knowing vs. Doing

“Proof” vs. Theory


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

1996 NSES6

Rote3,4,5

Teacher-Centered

Inquiry

Didactic


Why 7 8

Why?7,8


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Professional

Development

Content Understanding

Nature of Science (NOS)

Inquiry Practices


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Research

Apprenticeships

Content Understanding9

Nature of Science9

Inquiry Practices?


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Research

Apprenticeships

Varying results10

Varying lengths10


Purpose statement

Purpose Statement

  • The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of the length of a research apprenticeship on teachers’ gains in scientific content knowledge, teachers’ gains in understanding of the nature of science, and teacher’s use of inquiry-based methods in their classroom.


Research questions

Research Questions

  • Does a 150-hour research immersion program increase teachers’:

    • Content understanding more than a 75-hour research immersion program?

    • Understanding of the nature of science more than a 75-hour research immersion program?

    • Class time spent on inquiry-education more than a 75-hour research immersion program?


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Length of

Immersion

Content

Time on

Inquiry

NOS


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

NOS

Time on inquiry

Content


Program description

Program Description

  • pK-8 teachers placed with a research mentor

  • PUSD 150

  • 75 or 150 hour placement

  • Graduate credit (1 or 2 hr.)

  • Active research project


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Recruit cohort

April-May 2011

Informed consent

Safety training

Inquiry Journals

Pre-assessments


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Research immersion

June-September 2011

Weekly seminars

Post-assessments

Inquiry Journals


Methodology

Methodology

  • Mixed methods

    • Quantitative content

    • Qualitative NOS and Time on Inquiry

  • Non-experimental

    • No control

    • Convenience sampling

    • N=30, n=15


Assessments

Assessments

  • Diagnostic Science Assessments for Middle School Teachers11

  • The Views on Nature of Science-C12

  • Teacher journals10


Analysis

Analysis

  • Dependent t-test

    • Pre/post within group

  • Independent t-test

    • Pre/post between groups

  • Qualitative analysis

    • Journals

    • Interviews


Ethical considerations

Ethical Considerations

Concerns

Interventions

Physical safety

General workshops

Established protocols

Lowered self-efficacy

Program advisor

Cohort seminars


Effects of research apprenticeship on in service teachers understanding of nature of science

Limitations

Control

Length10

Lag-time13


References

References

  • 1Abramson, Larry (2007). Sputnik left legacy for U.S. science education. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14829195

  • 2Obama, Barack (2010, January 27). Remarks by the President in State of the Union Address. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-state-union-address

  • 3National Science Resources Center. (1997). Science for all children: A guide to improving elementary science education in your district. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

  • 4Nelson, G. (1999). Science literacy for all in the 21st century. Educational Leadership, 41, 14-17.

  • 5Korb, M. A., Sirola, C., & Climack, R. (2005). Promoting physical science to education majors. Journal of College Science Teaching. XXXIV, 42-45.


References1

References

  • 6National Research Council. (1996). National Science Education Standards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  • 7Kelly, J. (2000). Rethinking the elementary science methods course: A case for content, pedagogy, and informal science education. International Journal of Science Education, 22(7), 755-777.

  • 8Zubrowski, B. (2007) An observational and planning tool for professional developmentin science education. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 18, 861-884.

  • 9Westerlund, J. F., Garcia, D.M., Koke, J. R., Taylor, T.A., & Mason, D. S. (2002). Summer scientific research for teachers: The experience and its effect. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 13, 63-83.

  • 10Sadler, T., Burgin, S., McKinney, L., & Ponjuan, L. (2009). Learning science through research apprenticeships: A critical review of the literature. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. doi: 10.1002/tea.20326


References2

References

  • 11University of Louisville (2010). Diagnostic Science Assessments for Middle School Teachers. Retrieved from http://louisville.edu/education/research/centers/crmstd/diag_sci_assess_middle_teachers.html

  • 12Lederman, N.G., Abd-El-Khalick, F., Bell, R.L., & Schwartz, R.S.(2001). Views of nature of science questionnaire: Toward valid and meaningful assessment of learners’ conceptions of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39, 497-521.

  • 13Silverstein, S., Dubner, J., Miller, J., Glied, S., & Loike, D. (2009). Teachers’ participation in research programs improves their students’ achievement in science. Science, 326, 440-442.


Photo credits

Photo Credits

  • Sputnik: This image or file is a work of a U.S. Air Force Airman or employee, taken or made during the course of the person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image or file is in the public domain.

  • President Barack Obama: Pete Souza, This image is a work of an employee of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, taken or made during the course of the person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

  • Lecture class: U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman James R. Evans: This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.

  • University of Louisville: Jack E. Boucher:his image or media file contains material based on a work of a National Park Service employee, created during the course of the person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, such work is in the public domain.

  • Graph: GNOME Project: This work is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or any later version. This work is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See version 2 and version 3 of the GNU General Public License for more details.


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