Is morality a sham
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Is morality a sham?. What’s the difference?. I will eat healthily. I should eat healthily. Will you be moral?. Should you be moral?. Why should I be moral?. * A Puzzle *. Nature: Survival of the fittest. A system of increasing & using one’s advantages

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What s the difference
What’s the difference?

I will eat healthily

I should eat healthily

Will you be moral?

Should you be moral?



Nature survival of the fittest
Nature: Survival of the fittest

  • A system of increasing & using one’s advantages

  • The strong takes advantage of the weak

  • The smart takes advantage of the dim


Puzzling morality
Puzzling morality

Catherine Wilson:

Moral obligations “reduce the advantages of those who observe them”

Is it rational to reduce one’s advantage???



Person in need

What’s your reason for being moral?

VS


Why be moral
Why be moral?

Rational

Benefits outweigh the cost?

ME

Person in need

ME

VS


Unselfish action
Unselfish action

Wants to end suffering

End suffering!

Saves child from drowning

Pleasure


Should you queue
Should you queue?

“You should queue at Macs for the Hello Kitty figure.”

“But I don’t want the Hello Kitty figure!”

“You should queue regardless of whether you want it.”

???


1 rationality principle
1. Rationality Principle

I should do something only if that serves my interests.

Can be direct or indirect


2 observation about morality
2. Observation about morality

Morality does not always serve our interests

  • Sometimes, we can get away with being immoral

  • & it is not very hard


Observation about morality
Observation about morality

Morality does not always serve our interests

When it fails to do so, why should we be moral?


Ted bundy
Ted Bundy

  • Confessed to 30 murders committed between 1974 – 78.

  • "...a sadistic sociopath who took pleasure from another human's pain and the control he had over his victims, to the point of death, and even after.”

    The Stranger Beside Me,

    by Ann Rule


‘Nor is there any "reason" to obey the law for anyone, like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles. ... I discovered that to become truly free, truly unfettered, I had to become truly uninhibited.

And I quickly discovered that the greatest obstacle to my freedom, the greatest block and limitation to it, consists in the insupportable "value judgment" that I was bound to respect the rights of others.’

Statement by Ted Bundy, paraphrased and rewritten by Harry V. Jaffa.


Why should ted bundy lead a moral life
Why should Ted Bundy lead a moral life? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

“It is immoral to murder”

“But why should I be moral?”


How should we respond to bundy
How should we respond to Bundy? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

  • Call him names

    • Evil, terrible, inhuman…

  • Try to influence him

    • “You would be moral if you stop murdering…”


Ted bundy1
Ted Bundy like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

  • Confessed to 30 murders committed between 1974 – 78.

  • "...a sadistic sociopath who took pleasure from another human's pain and the control he had over his victims, to the point of death, and even after.”

    The Stranger Beside Me,

    by Ann Rule

A most reasonable man!?


How should we respond to bundy1
How should we respond to Bundy? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

  • Demand that he stop harming others

    • “You should not cause others to suffer just for your own pleasure…”

  • Bundy has the duty to be moral!


3 moral conviction
3. Moral conviction like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

We should be moral even when we can get away with immorality.

Moral obligations do not depend on our interests.


Putting them together
Putting them together like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

Rationality Principle

Our interests decide what we should do.

Moral action doesn’t always get us what we want.

Observation About Morality

Moral Conviction

We should always be moral.


Should you be moral
Should you be moral? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

“You should not cheat because it is wrong.”

“But I have no interest to be moral!”

“You should be moral regardless of your interests.”

???


Revised rationality principle
Revised rationality principle? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

“You should do something only if that serves your interests, unless it harms other people.

“You should do something only if that serves your interests, unless it involves Hello Kitty toys.


Honesty, trustworthiness, moral courage and loyalty. like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

Being moral

= Best way to serve your interests?

Being moral strategically

= Best way to serve your interests


Morality is a sham
Morality is a sham? like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

“…he would be thought by the lookers-on to be a most wretched idiot, although they would praise him to one another's faces, and keep up appearances with one another from a fear that they too might suffer injustice.”

Plato’s Republic


Putting them together1
Putting them together like myself, who has the boldness and daring -- the strength of character -- to throw off its shackles.

Rationality Principle

Observation About Morality

It is a social construct, & a method of social control

Moral Conviction


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