The unep map iczm strategy
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The UNEP-MAP ICZM STRATEGY. Marko PREM PAP/RAC Deputy Director. MAP Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) 1975 Barcelona Convention 1976- 30 years Assess and control marine pollution Formulate national environmental policies ICZM after 1985. MAP legal base. Six specific legal frameworks

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The UNEP-MAP ICZM STRATEGY

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The unep map iczm strategy

The UNEP-MAPICZM STRATEGY

Marko PREM

PAP/RAC Deputy Director


The unep map iczm strategy

  • MAP

  • Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) 1975

  • Barcelona Convention 1976- 30 years

    • Assess and control marine pollution

    • Formulate national environmental policies

    • ICZM after 1985


The unep map iczm strategy

MAP legal base

  • Six specific legal frameworks

  • Dumping Protocol

  • Emergency Protocol

  • LBS Protocol

  • SPA and Biodiversity Protocol

  • Offshore Protocol

  • Hazardous Wastes Protocol

  • ICZM Protocol in preparation


The unep map iczm strategy

  • Pressures and the future

  • MSSD

  • ICZM Protocol

  • ICZM Strategy

  • CAMP


The unep map iczm strategy

Pressures and Future

  • Coastal urbanisation!!

    • rapid expansion, "litoralisation" phenomena, demography

    • demographic trends (in 2000 274 mio; S & E 100 mio 2000-2025, 31 mio in c.a.; 75% (380 mio) in urban a. by 2025)

  • Tourism!!

    • 637 mio tourists in 2025, 273 mio more than in 2000

  • Water consumption

  • Pollution/Waste

  • Reduction of biological diversity

  • Soil erosion and desertification

  • Environmental risks due to climate change

  • Threats to cultural identity and landscapes


The unep map iczm strategy

MSSD

  • Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development

  • Overall SD Strategy, adopted in Nov 2005

  • Four major objectives

    • Increasing economic development

    • Reduce social deficits

    • Change unsustainable production and consumption patterns and manage natural resources sustainably

    • End irreversible degradation of public goods, reduce vulnerability to natural risks


The unep map iczm strategy

  • Seven priority fields of action

  • 7. Promoting sustainable management of the sea and coastal zones, and urgently stopping the degradation of coastal zones

  • Objectives:

    • preventing and reducing pollution from ships and risks of accidents

    • reducing pollution from land-based sources

    • promoting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

    • protecting marine and coastal biodiversity

    • promoting more integrated development and management of coastal areas and prevention of risks


The unep map iczm strategy

  • Orientations and actions:

    • adoption of ICZM protocol by 2007, and implement ICZM strategy

    • adoption of coastal zone laws by countries before 2012, creation of mechanisms and instruments for coastal management by 2012

    • promotion of integrated management approaches and projects / capacity building

    • assess the vulnerability to natural and technological risks (risk plans by 2010)

    • promotion of the role of islands

    • make best use of Euro-Mediterranean SMAP


The unep map iczm strategy

  • PROTOCOL: MILESTONES and the PROCESS

  • 12th Ordinary Meeting of the CPs(November 2001)

    • Feasibility Study 2002/3

  • 13th Ordinary Meeting of the CPs (November 2003)

    • to prepare the draft Protocol

  • Consultation process (ICAM Forum in Cagliari; Expert WG; Consultative workshop in Oristano; Draft Protocol with Commentary)

  • 14thOrdinary Meeting of the CPs (Nov 2005)

    • Goverments designate a WG; Final Draft/Adoption? by Nov 2007


  • The unep map iczm strategy

    • PROTOCOL STRUCTURE

    • PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS

    • Article 1: General obligations

    • Article 2: Definitions

    • Article 3: Geographical coverage

    • Article 4: Preservation of rights


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • Part IIPRINCIPLES AND ELEMENTS OF INTEGRATED

    • COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

    • Article 5: General principles and objectives of IM

    • Article 6: Institutional co-ordination

    • Article 7: Protection and use of the coastal zone

    • Article 8: Economic activities

    • Article 9: Specific coastal ecosystems

    • Article 10: Coastal erosion

    • Article 11: Cultural heritage

    • Article 12: Participation

    • Article13: Awareness-raising, training, education and research


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • Part IIIINSTRUMENTS FOR INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

    • Article14: Observatories, inventories and networks

    • Article15: Mediterranean Strategy for ICZM

    • (shall be adopted; set out policy orientations for SD coastal zone

    • upon which national strategies could be based; in conformity

    • with MSSD; taking into account objectives and principles of

    • Protocol; periodical review)

    • Article16: National coastal strategies, plans and programmes

    • Article17: Environmental assessment

    • Article18: Land ownership

    • Article19: Economic and financial instruments


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • Part IVINTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

    • Article20: Training and research

    • Article21: Scientific and technical assistance

    • Article22: Exchange of information and demonstration projects

    • Article23: Natural disasters

    • Article24: Transboundary co-operation

    • Article25: Transboundary impact studies and strategic assessments


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • Part VINSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

    • Article 26: Focal Points

    • Article 27: Reports

    • Article 28: Institutional arrangements

    • Article 29: Meetings of the Parties

    • Part VIFINAL PROVISIONS

    • Article 30: Relationship with the Convention

    • Article 31: Relations with third Parties

    • Article 32: Final provisions


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • ICZM Strategy =

    • Operational Strategic Action Plan for ICZM in

    • the Mediterranean

    • (link to ICZM Protocol and MSSD)


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • Desired changes and outcomes- VISION

    • Strategic objectives

      • to catalyse (mainstreaming activities, complementarities and synergy, durable financing)

      • to develop (define priorities, best practices)

      • to communicate (communication mechanisms, participation)

      • to implement (capacity, local level)

    • For each strategic component

      • principles

      • objectives

        • action programme

        • timetable

        • means for implementation

        • roles and responsibilities


    Camp projects

    CAMP Projects

    • One of the main programmes of MAP

    • Non-commercial projects

    • Promoting SD and ICAM

    • Co-operating with & assisting countries:

      • to solve priority CM related problems

      • to introduce ICAM and tools

    • Implementation: national teams

    • and international experts - RACs

    • Co-ordinated by PAP/RAC


    The unep map iczm strategy

    Compulsory components

    • Participatory programme

    • Vertical and horizontal co-ordination

    • Involvement of stakeholders

    • Integration of sea and land use

    • Capacity building (training)

    • Raising awareness


    The unep map iczm strategy

    Other

    • Guidelines for ICZM

    • White Paper on CZM in Mediterranean

    • Good Practice Guides

    • Med Clearing House

    • Training courses / Workshops

    • Med Open - virtual training course on ICZM


    The unep map iczm strategy

    • UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan

    • Priority Actions Programme

    • Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC)

    • Kraj Sv. Ivana 11

    • HR-21000 Split

    • tel: (385) (21) 340 470

    • e-mail: [email protected]

    • www.pap-thecoastcentre.org


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