Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products
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Cal-Med Consortium Workshop II December 7-8 Washington D.C. Federal Farm Policy and Domestic Policy Support for Mediterranean Products. Jay E. Noel Director, California Institute for the Study of Specialty Crops California Polytechnic State University. Production Location.

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Federal Farm Policy and Domestic Policy Support for Mediterranean Products

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Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

Cal-Med Consortium Workshop II

December 7-8 Washington D.C.

Federal Farm Policy and Domestic Policy Support for Mediterranean Products

Jay E. Noel

Director, California Institute for the Study of Specialty Crops

California Polytechnic State University


Production location

Production Location


Acreage and value of production 2005

Acreage and Value of Production2005


Federal farm policy support of u s mediterranean crops

Federal Farm Policy Support of U.S. Mediterranean Crops

  • Assistance for Losses

    • Crop Insurance: 44 crops covered; Crop insurance subsidy $424 million

    • Market Loss Payments: Ad Hoc payments. Examples include Apples $269 million in 1999 and 2000; Pecans $8.5 million 2005; cumulative total of ~$20 billion since 1988


Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

  • Marketing

    • Marketing Orders and Agreements

    • Generic Promotion, Research and Information Programs (Check-off Programs)

      A number of studies have shown positive cost/benefit returns to marketing order and check-off programs- Examples include Williams (benefit-cost ranges of 12 to 27 for differing crop and marketing order activities); Carman (Avocado producers gained an additional $70.4 million in revenues for $7.86 promotional spending)

Williams, Gary. “FAIR Reviews and Economic Returns Analyses as Strategic Marketing/Management Tools”, 2004 Marketing Order Management Conference, San Antonio, Texas, September 29, 2004.

Carman, Hoy F. “Offsetting Price Impacts from Imports with Generic Advertising and Promotion Programs: The Hass Avocado Promotion and Research Order”, Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2006. see also Carman, Hoy F. and R. Kim Craft. “An Economic Evaluation of California Avocado Industry Marketing Programs, 1956 – 1995”, NICPRE Quarterly, Vol. 4. No. 3, 1998.


Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

  • Marketing

    • Export Promotion- Market Access Promotional Program

      $138.5 million allocated by USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service in 2005 to promote Mediterranean type crops.

    • Food Purchases

      USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) domestic purchases of fruits and vegetables were $445.8 million in 2004 and $375 million in 2005.


Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

  • Marketing

    • Food Assistance and Nutrition

  • National Research

    • USDA, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) allocated ~$160.4 million or 33.7% of its FY 2005 $476.1 million budget to fruits, nuts and vegetable research.

    • USDA, Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension (CSREES) FY Budget invested approximately $79.6 million to support research, extension and education focused on fruits, nuts, and vegetables representing about 7.2% of a total budget of $1.1 billion.

    • USDA, Economic Research Service (ERS) in FY 2005 budgeted $542,000 to staff and overhead costs for specialty crops research and $165,800 to cooperative research agreements with external collaborators representing ~ 1% of its $74 million.


Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

  • Other Federal Support

    • Mediterranean Products Planting Restrictions

    • USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

      Difficult to isolate APHIS budgetary outlays that address pest and disease activities that relate specifically to Mediterranean products. There is annual appropriation of $60 million for the fruit fly exclusion and detection program and $18 million is budgeted for trade issues management and resolution. The total FY 2006 budget for APHIS activities is $306 million.


Federal farm policy and domestic policy support for mediterranean products

  • Other Federal Support

    • Specialty Crop Block Grants to the States

      The Emergency Agricultural Assistance Act (EAAC) of 2001 provided states with block grants to promote specialty crops. provided almost $160 million to all 50 states and Puerto Rico.

      Specialty Crop Competitiveness Act (SCCA) of 2004 (PL 108-465). The SCCA block grants are to support programs in research, marketing, education, pest and disease management, production, and food safety. The initial legislation (HR 3242) called for a mandatory annual appropriation of $470 million in mandatory funds from the Commodity Credit Fund to support the block grant program. The final bill authorized the program subject to annual appropriations, and limited funding to $44.5 million per year ($7 million was appropriated in FY 2006).


The 2007 farm bill and mediterranean products

The 2007 Farm Bill and Mediterranean Products

  • HR 6193 “Equitable Agriculture Today for a Healthy America Act” or the “Eat Healthy America Act”

    • Objective: permanently incorporating specific specialty crop programs into federal farm legislation.

    • Support: Over 70 U.S. specialty crop organizations representing producers of fresh fruit, dried fruit, tree nuts, and other specialty crops.

    • The Bill contains eight titles that provide for government support for specialty crop block grants, disaster assistance, conservation, international trade, pest and disease control, nutrition, research and development, renewable energy, and miscellaneous issues


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