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Department of Criminal Justice California State University - Bakersfield CRJU 477 Terrorism Dr. Abu-Lughod, Reem Ali Future of Terrorism. Future of Terrorism: New Threats Will it change? Intolerance and resentment Different types of T remain alive in society today

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Department of Criminal Justice

California State University - Bakersfield

CRJU 477

Terrorism

Dr. Abu-Lughod, Reem Ali

Future of Terrorism


Future of Terrorism: New Threats

  • Will it change?

  • Intolerance and resentment

  • Different types of T remain alive in society today

  • “one person’s T is another person’s freedom fighter”


Terrorist Environments in the 21st Century

  • State sponsored

  • Dissident T

  • Religious

  • Ideological T

  • Criminal Dissident T


Future Sources of T

  • The Middle East e.g. Rafik Hariri of Lebanon

  • Palestine and Israel. The intifadah, establishment of the State of Israel

  • Latin America: Colombia and narcotraficantes

  • Europe: Madrid 2004, London July 7, 2005

  • Africa: Ethno-national communal conflict

  • Asia: New People’s Army (NPA), Marxist guerilla group in Philippines. Overthrowing government


High-Tech T

  • Information technology

  • Cyber-terrorism

  • Weapons of Mass destruction


Exotic Technologies:

  • Electromagnetic Pulse Technologies (EMT): disable microchips and military information

  • Plastics: thwart detection from metal detection

  • Liquid Metal Embrittlement: chemicals theoretically weakening metals when applied


CONTROLLING T: NEW CHALLENGES

  • Deterring Ts

  • Government responses: peaces processes, social reforms, negotiations

  • Societal responses: ideological changes, multicultural changes and diversity in America

  • The “melting pot” in America


New Fronts in a New War

  • Covert “shadow wars”: deployment of military

  • Domestic (Homeland) security measures

  • Counterterrorist Financial Operations

  • Global Surveillance of Communication Technologies

  • Identifying and Disrupting Transnational T Cells and Support Networks “connect the dots”


The Use of Force as Deterrence

  • General Deterrence

  • Specific Deterrence


CONCLUDING REMARKS

  • Fighting the enemy?

  • The innocent and collateral damages inflicted

  • Ideologies

  • Preparedness to future threats

  • The change in foreign policy

  • Impact on society and social change


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