City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape
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Potchefstroom. City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape. Towards sustainability-Reducing the city of Potchefstroom’s (South Africa) carbon footprint-examples and lessons learned for a medium sized African city. “” Satish Roopa Executive Mayor City of Potchefstroom

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City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

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City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Towards sustainability-Reducing the city of Potchefstroom’s (South Africa) carbon footprint-examples and lessons learned for a medium sized African city

  • “”

    Satish Roopa

    Executive Mayor

    City of Potchefstroom

    South Africa

    LGS - WSSD

    Johannesburg

    2002


City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape1

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Topics of discussion

Location

  • City Profile

  • City’s journey towards a more sustainable future

    • Contributing factors

    • City of Potchefstroom philosophy

    • Environmental challenges

    • Record of delivery

  • ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection Programme

    • Improved energy efficiency

    • Reducing the GHG emissions

    • The CCP projects

    • Lessons learnt


City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape2

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

LOCATION

  • Republic of South Africa

  • North West Province;

  • 120 km south west of Johannesburg

  • Map


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

JOHANNESBURG

AIRPORT

130KM

POTCHEFSTROOM


City profile

CITY PROFILE

  • Population size: ± 230 000

  • Income profile: 71% of households more than R18 000 per annum (US$1800)

  • Employment profile: Unemployment 36,6%

  • Prevalence of poverty: 29% earn less than R18 000 per annum (US$1800)


City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape4

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

The city’s journey towards a more sustainable future


City of expertise stad van deskundigheid motse wa baitsanape5

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CITY OF POTCHEFSTROOM MORE THAN JUST A LEAVY CITY

Tom Street Potchefstroom


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CONTRIBUTING FACTORS

  • Strong political will and leadership

    • Political support, empowerment and leadership

  • Existing capacity and skills base

    • Administrative leadership

    • Technical expertise

    • Intellectual capacity building and support from the Centre for Environmental Management

    • Use all local expertise to assist in the process – partnerships across many divisions


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CONTRIBUTING FACTORS

  • Institutional support

    • Short lines of communication

    • Absence of silosm and institutional rivalry

    • Recognition of the fact that environmental and sustainability are cross cutting

    • Capitalization on supporting programmes

      • Sewage treatment upgrades

      • Waste handling etc


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CONTRIBUTING FACTORS

  • Combination of environmental programmes with

    • Entrepreneurial development

    • Job creation

    • Skills transfer

    • i.e links with the critical, political agenda points.


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

THE CITY OF POTCHEFSTROOM PHILOSOPHY

Start small and

  • Get sustainability issues on the political and administrative agendas

  • Demonstrate success rather than

  • Be too ambitious and fail

  • Eat the elephant piece by piece

  • Pick the low hanging fruits first


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES

CHALLENGE

  • Air quality

  • Housing

  • Access to potable water

  • Hunger

  • Access to energy

  • Access to sanitation

  • Access to waste management

  • Unemployment

  • Water quality due to upstream mining

CITY’S RESPONSE

  • Electrification

  • RDP housing

  • Provision of water

  • Eco-circles

  • Electrification

  • Provision of sanitation

  • Delivery of services

  • Mooi River Forum


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

RECORD OF DELIVERY

PROGRESS MADE

  • 11 000 new connections

  • 3500 subsidised houses

  • 544 to feed the poor

  • Main sewerage system but not connected to all households

  • Weekly removal from all households

  • Community chest, preference procurement

  • Rehabilitation and closure of existing land fill sites

  • New sanitary landfill site

CHALLENGE

  • Electrification

  • Provision of housing

  • Eco-circles

  • Provision of sanitation

  • Waste removal services

  • Poverty alleviation

  • Sanitary land filling


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

ICLEI CITIES FOR CLIMATE PROTECTION PROGRAMME


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Potchefstroom CCP Partners


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Element

Unit

Conversion rate

Water usage

Litres

1.21

Coal usage

Kilograms

0.49

Ash produced

Grams

130

Ash emitted

Grams

0.35

SO2 emissions

Grams

7.95

NOX emissions

Grams

3.56

CO2 emissions

Kilograms

0.85

Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

REDUCTION OF ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT BY IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Ecological footprint

reduction for every

Kilowatt/hour savedin

South Africa

Source: Eskom, 2000: Environmental Report 2000, Towards Sustainability


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

The City of Potchefstroom’s CO2 emission base case: 1995 to 2001 (in Tons)

Data investigations by Guillaume Nel CEM Calculations with ICLEI Software


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Reducing the city’s contribution to GHG emissions


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

THE CCP MILESTONES

  • Conduct a GHG emissions inventory of current council and community activity and a forecast of GHG emissions growth in the future;

  • Establish a GHG emissions reduction goal;

  • Develop a local action plan;

  • Implement the local action plan;

  • Monitor and report on the implementation of the local action plan.


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Potchefstroom CCP-PROJECTS

CCP-project

  • Retrofitting airport

  • Redesigning new administration wing

  • Investigate energy efficiency of existing buildings

  • Investigate energy efficiency of street lighting

Status

  • Phase 1 completed

  • Phase 1 completed

  • Tentative MOU to be signed with Invirovest of Canada

  • Retrofitting of some Thoroufares and Mieder Park(suburb)


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Potchefstroom CCP-

Projects (2)

CCP-project

  • Methane recovery at the water treatment works

  • Investigate energy efficiency of water treatment works

  • Planting of trees to sequestrate GHG

Status

  • Fully operational

  • Phase One completed

  • Conceptual design-phase completed

    • 4070 Trees have already been planted


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CO2and ZAR savings achieved per year


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Trading Carbon

  • Carbon saved may be traded internationally

    • Current rate: US$5.00/ton

    • Potential revenue for the City of Potchefstroom against demonstrated CO2 savings

      US$50 000.00 /year


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Retrofitting the airport Runway and taxiway


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Energy savings: Airport

R

  • Retrofitting of:

    • Runway

    • Taxiway

    • 48 657 kg of CO2

    • / year

  • Donation of a wind turbine

    • Further CO2 reductions


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

REDESIGNING NEW ADMINISTRATION WING

R

  • Phase 1: Audit envelope against SAEDES

    • Completed

    • Found to be 80% in conformance

  • Corrective design action for remaining 20% completed

  • Phase 2: Audit windows, lighting and air conditioning design against SAEDES

    • In progress

  • Phase 3: Calculation of GHG savings

    • Scheduled for December 2002

SAEDES– South African Energy Demand and Efficiency Standard


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

INVESTIGATING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF EXISTING BUILDINGS

R

  • Four Council facilities investigated

    • In association with EnviroVest –Canada

    • Public Private partnership

    • Current energy bill ZAR3m/pa

    • Project cost ZAR2.5-4m.

    • Projected ZAR energy bill savings: ZAR 9.5m over 15 years

    • No capital cost at to Council


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Methane Recovery

R

  • CO2 kg reduction/year:

  • 8 292 310 kg/year

  • Benefits

    • Incineration of hazardous sewage screens in stead of land filling

    • Replacement of diesel fired incinerator by a methane fired one

    • Significant GHG reduction


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Planting Trees

R

  • To date: 4070 trees planted

  • 12 502 kg of CO2 sequestrated per year

  • Plans to plant another 15 000 trees

  • Linked to:

    • socio-economic development

    • Skills transfer

    • Job creation


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

CCP LESSONS LEARNT

  • Political and senior administrative support are key

  • Build internal capacity to understand the issues and solutions and to drive the initiative

  • Ensure P3 efficiencies

  • Look for partners that can bring expertise or other partners to the table

  • Start with modest proposals and ensure that environmental issues become an acceptable political agenda point

  • Pick the low hanging fruits first

  • Green House Gas reduction programmes do make financial sense

  • Green House Gas reductions and energy savings excites politicians and administers alike

  • The challenge of sustainability is a journey rather than the outcome of a few programmes


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Potchefstroom

City of expertise Stad van deskundigheid Motse wa Baitsanape

Mother Earth is sick. The source of her illness is an uncaring humanity. We can replace our clothing or change our diets, but we cannot replace our globe. It is all we have. It is our people, our planet and our prosperity. We must make a difference.


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