Chapter eighteen lecture one
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Chapter Eighteen Lecture One. Jason and the Myths of Iolchus and Calydon. Myths of Jason and Thessaly. Thessaly; a large plain north of Thermopylae Neolithic and Mycenaean settlements Port city of Iolchus (modern-day Volos) the point of debarkation for Jason’s adventure. Thessaly.

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Chapter Eighteen Lecture One

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Chapter eighteen lecture one

Chapter EighteenLecture One

Jason and the Myths of Iolchus and Calydon


Myths of jason and thessaly

Myths of Jason and Thessaly

  • Thessaly; a large plain north of Thermopylae

  • Neolithic and Mycenaean settlements

  • Port city of Iolchus (modern-day Volos) the point of debarkation for Jason’s adventure


Thessaly

Thessaly


Prelude to the argonautica

Prelude to the Argonautica

Phrixus, Hellê, and the Golden Fleece


Phrixus hell and the golden fleece

Phrixus, Hellê, and the Golden Fleece

  • Aeolus =>

    • The Aeolids

    • Athamas

  • Athamas + Nephelê

    • Phrixus (son)

    • Hellê (daughter)


Phrixus hell and the golden fleece1

Phrixus, Hellê, and the Golden Fleece

  • Athamas then marries another, Ino, daughter of Cadmus in Thebes

    • Two sons

  • Ino arranges a trap to have Phrixus (her step son) murdered

    • Parches grain

    • Intercepts messenger to Delphi

    • Prophecy says Phrixus must be sacrificed

    • A golden ram appears just in time

    • The two – Phrixus and Hellê ride away on it


Phrixus hell and the golden fleece2

Phrixus, Hellê, and the Golden Fleece

  • Hellê falls off the ram at the “Hellespont”

  • Ram flies on to Colchis, where Aeëtes is king

    • The fleece is given to Aeëtes, who receives Phrixus


Pelias and aeson

Pelias and Aeson


Pelias and aeson1

Pelias and Aeson

  • Athamas’s niece (Tyro)

  • She has two sons by Poseidon

    • Pelias, who will become king in Iolchus

    • Neleus, who will become king in Pylos

  • She has two sons by the mortal, Cretheus

    • Aeson and Pheres


Pelias and aeson2

Pelias and Aeson

  • Pelias drives out his brother Neleus

  • Imprisons his half-brother Aeson

  • But Aeson’s wife bears Jason

    • Spirited away and raise by Chiron the Centaur on Mt. Pelion (near Iolcus)

  • Aeson warned to beware a man with one sandal


Pelias and aeson3

Pelias and Aeson

  • Now a young man, Jason comes down from Mt. Pelion to Iolcus

  • Helps Hera in disguise to cross a river and he loses a sandal

    • Hera is out to punish Aeson for not worshipping her. Her plan is to bring Medea to Iolcus, and that means having Jason go to Aeëtes’s kingdom to get her!


Pelias and aeson4

Pelias and Aeson

  • Jason is tricked into going to search for the Golden Fleece

    • “What would you do if you knew someone was going to kill you?”


The voyage of the argo

The Voyage of the Argo


The voyage of the argo1

The Voyage of the Argo

  • A ship is built by Argus

    • The bow is from Dodona

    • Called the Argo after Argus

  • Jason collects the best warriors of the day


Early adventures

Early Adventures

  • The women of Lemnos

    • Had earlier killed their men for refusing their them (except for Queen Hypsipylê)

    • The Argonauts service the sex-starved women

    • Heracles preserves the company of his boyfriend (Hylas)

  • Next they were received by Cyzicus at Samothrace


Early adventures1

Early Adventures

  • A storm blows the Argo back to Samothrace at night and, thinking his island was being attacked by strangers, Cyzicus brings out his army

    • King is killed by Jason

  • Heracles lost when Hylas is abducted by water nymphs on Mysia

    • John Waterhouse, Hylas and the Nymphs


Early adventures2

Early Adventures

  • Bebryces

  • Amycus

    • Defeated by Polydecues in boxing


Phineus and harpies

Phineus and Harpies


Phineus and harpies1

Phineus and Harpies

  • Salmydessus

  • King Phineus and the Harpies

    • Freed by Zetes and Calaïs


The symplegades

The Symplegades


The symplegades1

The Symplegades

  • Phineus gives them advice about their future adventures

    • Release a dove


Medea and the golden fleece

Medea and the Golden Fleece


Medea and the golden fleece1

Medea and the Golden Fleece

  • Medea, daughter of Aeëtes, first sees Jason

    • Aphrodite sends Eros to make her fall in love with him

  • Aeëtes is expecting a “stranger” to be his downfall and refuses the fleece

    • Must first yoke fire-breathing bulls and sow dragon’s teeth (which would produce murderous warriors)


Medea and the golden fleece2

Medea and the Golden Fleece

  • Medea gives him ointments to protect him from the bulls

  • When the warriors are grown . . . the rock

  • Medea helps Jason get the fleece

  • Aeëtes in pursuit

    • Apsyrtus (his two fates)

  • The geography of the chase

    • Eridanus, southern France, the Phaeacians . . .


Libya

Libya


Libya1

Libya

  • The Argo is dropped into the middle of desert

  • The Nymphs of the Hesperides

  • The close encounter with Heracles

  • Triton helps them

  • Talus of Crete

    • Medea’s “evil eye”

  • Poem stops as they’ve left Crete


The deflated hero

The Deflated Hero


The deflated hero1

The Deflated Hero

  • Evidence for Bronze Age travel into the Black Sea?

    • To this legendary voyage are added details of folktale (the quest): hero’s troubles at birth, magical animal raised him, magical land and impossible tasks, marriage as a reward . . .

    • But he did not get a glorious kingship


The deflated hero2

The Deflated Hero

  • Apollonius writing for a literate audience who would appreciate the twists and variations on the standard hero theme

    • Focus on individual emotions, precious descriptions . . .

    • Greatly influenced subsequent epic and poetry, especially Vergil and his Aeneid


Next lecture

Next Lecture

After the Argo


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