Upcoming Alternatives : Bio-fuels. Alok Adholeya Director, Biotechnology and Management of Bioresources Division, The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. Why biofuels?. Country's dependence on crude import impact on fuel price stability.
Alok AdholeyaDirector, Biotechnology and Management of Bioresources Division, The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi
Country's dependence on crude import
impact on fuel price stability.
It is renewable and does not contribute to global warming due to its closed carbon cycle.
Carbon in the fuel was originally removed from the air by plants so there is no net increase in carbon dioxide levels.
It provides a market for non-edible oil and excess production of vegetable oils & animal fats.
Better opportunity cost.
Significant carbon emission reduction
Faster GDP growth, Lower Imports, energy prices & geopolitical sensitivities
Source: Biofuels Program, Central Carolina Community College, Pittsboro, NC
Rising energy demand & prices
Biofuels can secure energy supply
Rising threat of climate change
Biofuels can decrease GHG emissions
Source: Joachim von Braun, 2007. International Food Policy Research Institute, Melbourne
Source: Vinod Khosla, 2006. www. khoslaventures.com
Source: Rudy Smaling, 2007. HRAC
Source: Doug Frater, 2007. Global Green Solutions Inc.
Area covered: 28.7 M ha
168 Kg N, 57 Kg P2O5, 135 Kg K2O and 30 Kg Zn.
30.4 GJ/t Urea, 30 GJ/t P and 10 GJ/t K
10.4 MT Urea = 316 M GJ; 1.6 MT P = 48 M GJ; 3.9 MT K = 39 M GJ
Total: 403 M GJ
If the fertilizer demand is brought down by 25% this will save ~100 M GJ energy per annum from corn cultivation.
And reduce environmental footprint as well
Giovanni Riva, 2006. EUROPEAN CONFERENCE on BIOREFINERY RESEARCH