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The Roman Republic. I. Origins of Rome. A . Romulus and Remus Twin sons of the God of Mars Built near the location where they were found B. Mortals Build there because of the strategic location and fertile soil C. Geography 7 rolling hills, near the Tiber River

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I origins of rome
I. Origins of Rome

  • A. Romulus and Remus

    • Twin sons of the God of Mars

    • Built near the location where they were found

  • B. Mortals

    • Build there because of the strategic location and fertile soil

  • C. Geography

    • 7 rolling hills, near the Tiber River

    • Center of Italy- middle of the Med. Sea


Ii the first romans
II. The First Romans

  • The Latins, Greeks and Etruscans

    • The Latins were the first Romans

    • The Greeks brought Rome into trade and closer contact with Greek Civilization

    • Etruscans-native to the area

      • Influenced by the use of their alphabet, architecture and writing


III. The Early Republic:Is a form of gov’t in which power rests in the hands of their citizens and electing their leaders

  • A. Patricians and Plebeians-struggle for pwr

    • Pat.- wealthy land owners (held most of the pwr)

    • Pleb.-commoners

  • B. Twelve Tables

    • A written law code that helped the Plebians

    • All free citizens had a right to the protection of the law

  • C. Government Under the Republic

    • Consuls- Two King like figures

      • Limited power

    • Senate- Legislative and administrative functions

      • Could Elect a Dictator in a state of Crisis- only a 6 month reign


Early republic continued
Early Republic Continued

  • D. The Roman Army

    • Great Value on their Army

    • Legions- citizens who owned land and citizens who wished to serve in public office (10 yrs) were placed into these large organized military units

      • Infantry- 5,000 foot soldiers

      • Calvary- soldiers on horseback

      • Rome’s Army was KEY to Rome’s greatness


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