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Strahan. A Vibrant Town in Western Tasmania. MAPS.

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Strahan

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Strahan

Strahan

A Vibrant Town in Western Tasmania


Strahan

MAPS

Strahan has a significant geographical location to connect the remote west of Tasmania with the rest of this island during the mining era.The maps included in this resource section illustrate the discovery of the west coast of Tasmania through historical maps, the isolation of Strahan regarding access via road and the current features around Strahan.


Strahan

Strahan - 42° south 

Left: the grid showing the latitude of 42° south in Tasmania taken from google earth

Right: Strahan and its surroundings in Google maps


Strahan

Current map of Strahan and its surroundings 

  • Detailing;

    • Population areas

    • Reserves & Parks

    • Sand

    • Native Vegetation 

  • http://www.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&x=145.29&y=-42.15&w=21681&h=21681&i=554&j=554&p=289328&pp=

  • 289328&fc=1&s=terrain%20around%20stahan&st=TAS&zix=3%2E61183151372501E%2D03&mpsec=0#map


Historical map

Historical Map

Historical Map of the world from 1650 - 1690. The map illustrates only the bottom half of Tasmania existing, as discovered by Abel Tasman. http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-nk1578


Strahan

 Kok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people and events that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little port that was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart: Hindsight.

Map of West Coast Tasmania, 1915, showing railway lines, including the Emu Bay line to Burnie, but not roads connecting the west with eastern Tasmania.


Early settlement

Early Settlement

Strahan's early settlement was established on the industries of pining, mining, shipping and fishing. The resources include photographs, maps, books, diagrams, and personal accounts.


Pining

Pining

Kerr, G. & McDermott, H. (1999) The Huon pine story : the history of harvest and use of a unique timber. Portland, Vic. : Mainsail Books.

This book details the history of Huon pine and the pining of. Particular focus is paid on the West Coast using quotes, photographs, maps and other primary sources detailing the changing life of those working in the pining industry.

p. 34 - Map of Huon pine stands in the South West

pp. 100-102 give a personal account of life on the river a piner

p. 102 Punt on the river

p. 128 Picture of horse pulling huon pine

p. 140 Diagram of piners punt


Mining

Mining

Images from:

Gowlland, R. & Gowlland, K. (1977).Trampled Wilderness: The History of South-West Tasmania. Devonport: C. L. Richmond & Sons Pty. Ltd.

Further information:

Whitham, C.(1949). Western Tasmania: A land of riches and beauty. Hobart: Davies Brothers Limited. 

Mount Lyell Minging and Railway Company

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Lyell_Mining_and_Railway_Company


Fishing

Fishing

Kok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people and

events that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little port

that was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart: Hindsight.


The growth of the town

The growth of the town

Strahan's growth was initially linked to the early settlement industries, however overtime the population has fluctuated, with more recent growth attributed to the tourism industry. Resources include photographs detailing the physical changes to the town, as well as significant figures in the growth of the town, websites, and population figures.


Strahan

The Changing Landscape of StrahanKok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people andevents that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little portthat was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart: Hindsight.

Strahan in 1890, showing the wharf 

nearly completed, but not yet filled 

in behind.

Strahan in 1900; scaffolding can be 

seen on the Union Steam Ship 

Company's Offices which were still 

being build.

Strahan in 1960; showing from left: 

wharf, Union Steam Ship Offices, 

Hamers Hotel, World War One 

memorial and the railway 

connecting to Regatta Point.


Historical figure in the growth of strahan

Historical figure in the Growth of Strahan

The founding father of Strahan, Frederick Ormiston Henry and his Pioneer Stores in Long Bay.

Why F.O. Henry was of significant importance to the foundation and development of Strahan - http://www.ormistonhouse.com.au/history.html(images sourced from website).

F.O.Henry's letter to C.P.Sprent, in which he explained the reason why he aimed to establish the store in Long Bay, Strahan.

Letter from: Kok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people and events that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little port that was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart: Hindsight.


Strahan

Population of Strahan (2001)http://www.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=254&d=p&cmd=sp&c=1&x=145%2E32733&y=%2D42%2E15194&w=40000&mpsec=0


Transportation

Transportation

Strahan's remote and rugged location meant that access to the area was challenging, but nevertheless vital to the towns survival. The resources below provide information on access to Stahan via road, railway and sea through photographs, maps, websites, books, paintings, newspaper articles, and youtube clips.


Strahan

RoadThe Need for an east-west roadResources: Gowlland, K. & Gowlland, R. (1973). Trampled Wilderness: History of south west Tasmania.Lauceston: Regal Publications.Historical figure-Thomas Bather Moore http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Bather_Moore

T.B.Moore (left)

T.B.Moore's Track in western Tasmania(right)


Railway the need for railway

RailwayThe need for Railway

Mt Lyell train leaving Queenstown for

Strahan. c.1920.(left)

Quarter mile bridge crossing the King River. c.1899(right)

Kok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people and events that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little port that was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart: Hindsight.


The great western railway

The Great Western Railway

youtube - Pure tasmania - Abt railway experience: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTgOR2bX3JE

Whitham, C.(1949). Western Tasmania: A land of riches and beauty. Hobart: Davies Brothers Limited.

Great Western Railway Route-1898

Gowlland, K. & Gowlland, R. (1973). Trampled Wilderness: History of south west Tasmania.Lauceston: Regal Publications.

Construction of the Abt Railway - 1895

Pink, K. (1982) The West Coast story : a history of Western Tasmania and its mining fields. Zeehan: West Coast Pioneers' Memorial Museum; p.76.


Hells gates shipping

Hells Gates - Shipping

Historical painting of the entrance to Macquarie Harbour (Hells Gates), Tasmania, Publisher: Osboldstone & Co

http://www.lighthouse.net.au/lights/TAS/Hells%20Gate/Hells%20Gate.htm


Hells gates shipwrecks

Hells Gates - Shipwrecks

Broxam, G. & Nash, M. (1998) Tasmanian shipwrecks.Woden, A.C.T. : Navarine Publishing.

1907 Newspaper article on shipwreck that occurred in Macquarie Heads/Hells Gates. Gives good details of the rough conditions and weather faced.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/5083675?searchTerm=

shipwreck%20macquarie%20

heads%20strahan&searchLimits=


The natural environment

THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Strahan's natural environment provides the link between many of the other resources sections in this package. Transport to the area, tourism, and the growth of the town through specific industries are all related to this environment. This section provides resources illustrating Strahan's terrain, weather and climate through maps, images, profiles, and data tables.


Strahan

Terrain around Strahan:

http://www.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=254&d=ter&cmd=sp&c=1&x=145%2E32733&y=%2D42%2E15194&w=40000&mpsec=0

NASA aerial view of Macquarie Harbour detailing terrain:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Macquarie_Harbour_SE.jpg


Strahan s weather and climate

Strahan's weather and climate

Climate data for Strahan

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strahan,_Tasmania

Weather around Strahan, including 'rainfall' and 'rainy day graphs' 

http://www.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=254&d=w&cmd=sp&c=1&x=145%2E32733&y=%2D42%2E15194&w=40000&mpsec=0


The strong westerly winds

The strong westerly winds

This map details the clipper route sailed by the clipper ships used during the 19th century. These ships made use of the strong prevailing westerly winds, travelling from the west to the east on the southern ocean, from England to Australia. These winds were strong because they were unimpeded by little land mass. The route hits the west coast of Tasmania.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roaring_Forties


Tourism

TOURISM

Since Strahan ceased to be a mining port in the 1970's, the tourism industry began to grow, and now forms a major part of Strahan's economy.  From 1982-83, a huge protest on the contrustion of the Gordon-below-Franklin dam attracted  much international attention. Since then, Strahan has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in Tasmania for international travellers.The resources in the section include website links to official statistics of tourist data, some tourist information, newpaper clips, and Youtube videos.


Historical paper clipping the mercury

Historical Paper Clipping - The Mercury

1938 Mercury clipping regarding issues around, and ideas to increase, Strahan's tourist numbers. A transcript is available on the site. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/page/1843309?zoomLevel=1&searchTerm=Strahan%20population&searchLimits=


Strahan

Visitors to Strahan:

http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/46d1bc47ac9d0c

7bca256c470025ff87/DD5914B98A7731EDCA256F1F0004A4AC

Tourist highlights from Pure Tasmania of Strahan:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rhj6n8Fjj6o

http://www.puretasmania.com.au/default.asp?pID=46

http://www.puretasmania.com.au/default.asp?pID=305

http://www.puretasmania.com.au/default.asp?pID=35


The campaign to save the franklin

The campaign to ‘Save the Franklin'

image taken from http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/G/Gordon-below-Franklin%20Dam.htm

http://www.lakepedder.org/resources/reports/GovernmentBackgroundFranklin.htm

http://www.wilderness.org.au/campaigns/forests/frankin-river-campaign-part1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGpy8_v3tmI&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhCGFHkzifQ&feature=related


Interaction between eurpeons and aboriginals

Interaction between Eurpeons and aboriginals

Early interaction between Aboriginals and Europeans was limited around Strahan itself, as the township did not exist, however interaction in the wider area occurred. This resource collection touches on the impact of George Augustus Robinson's arrival and 'Friendly mission' on the plight of the west coast Tasmanian aboriginals and their ultimate removal from the area. This resource includes historical journal extracts, maps, and works of art.


Different tribes

Different Tribes

Map of tribal boundaries for Tasmanian Aboriginals.

From:

Boyce, J. (2008) Van Diemen's land. Melbourne: Black Inc.


Early interaction

Early Interaction

December 28, 1815: Extract from Captain James Kelly's diary during his passage into Macquarie Harbour.

Pink, K. (1982). The West Coast story : a history of Western Tasmania and its mining fields. Zeehan: West Coast Pioneers' Memorial Museum; p. 33.


Strahan

Friendly MissionGeorge Augustus Robinson was employed by Governor Arthur during 1829-1834 to relocate the Tasmanian Aborigines to Flinders Island where they could be civilised and Christianised.

A painting drawn by Benjamin Duterrau, showing Robinson on one of his "condiliation" missions among the Tasmanian Aborigines.

From: http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/regions/tasmania.php


Friendly mission

Friendly Mission

Kok, A. (1999), A Pictoral History of Strahan: A chronicle of the people and events that led to the settlement of Strahan, and the changes to the little port that was once the busiest in Tasmania. Hobart Hindsight.

Plomley, N.J.B. (1966). Friendly Mission: The Tasmanian Journals and Papers of George Augustus Robinson 1829-1834. NSW: Halstead Press Pty Ltd.

Semi-fictional account

Kneale, M.(2007). English Passengers. New York: Knopf Doubeday Publishing Group.

Boyle, T.C.(1979). "The extinction tales", Descent of Man. New York:Little Brown.


Friendly mission1

Friendly Mission

1840 Drawing of Wybalenna on Flinders Island, where Aborigines were exiled from Tasmania.

http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/W/Wybalenna.htm

M Shaw, 'Wybalenna and the treaty of Whitemark', Indigenous Law Bulletin, July 1999.

Last four Tasmanian Aborigines in 1866

http://tasphotos.blogspot.com/2006/11/aboriginality-150-years-ago.html


Friendly mission2

Friendly Mission

Historical figure-Trugannini, was considered to be the last of her people up until the mid 1970s, however this is not correct. As of 2005, 10,000 Tasmanians were identifying with aboriginal heritage.

Trugannini guided Robinson on his west coast expeditions. She acted as a translator and ambassador for Robinson in the trip.

Further reading:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trugannini

http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/regions/tasmania.php

http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/T/Truganini.htm

Lyndall, R.(1996). The Aboriginal Tasmanians.  NSW: Allen and Unwin.


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