Understanding toddlers
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Understanding Toddlers. Who is a toddler?. A child between the ages of 1 and 3 years old. Before the age of one they are considered an infant. When they hit 3 years old they are considered Preschool age. Physical Development.

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Understanding Toddlers

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Understanding toddlers

Understanding Toddlers


Who is a toddler

Who is a toddler?

  • A child between the ages of 1 and 3 years old.

  • Before the age of one they are considered an infant.

  • When they hit 3 years old they

    are considered

    Preschool age.


Physical development

Physical Development

  • After infancy, growth in height and weight slows.

  • Appetites decrease

  • Gain lots of teeth!

  • Body proportions

    gradually change. Infants have large heads in proportion to their bodies---this becomes more of a natural proportion.


Physical development1

Physical Development

  • Gross motor skills: skills that use large muscles (back , legs, shoulders, arms, etc)

  • Climbing and walking is mastered

  • Begin to push themselves on wheeled toys then pedal by end of their second year.


Physical development2

Physical Development

  • Fine motor skills: skills that require use of small muscles (fingers, wrists, ankles, etc.)

  • Improved hand eye coordination

  • Stack blocks, string beads, simple puzzles, turn pages of a book, scribble with crayons, turn doorknobs, feed themselves.


Physical development3

Physical Development

  • Toilet Training

    • Children around the age of two are physically and intellectually ready to begin toilet training.

    • Girls tend to master the skill earlier than boys.


Intellectual development

Intellectual Development

  • Ask “Why”

  • Discover their world by satisfying their curiosity.

  • Use trial and error, repetition, and imitation

  • Increased attention span

  • Increased memory


Intellectual development1

Intellectual Development

  • Remember Piaget’s first period of intellectual development was the sensorimotor period (ages birth-2)

  • Piaget’s second period of intellectual development– Preoperational Period

    • Covers ages 2-7

    • A period when children start to think symbolically and imaginatively. They rely less on motor abilities and more on thinking to direct behavior.

      • Examples: Make believe play, inventing and creating


Intellectual development2

Intellectual Development

  • Language

    • Start by answering yes and no, pointing, and following simple commands.

    • By two years old they have a growing vocabulary of 50 to 300 words. Can name familiar objects.


Intellectual development3

Intellectual Development

Children try to understand new information 2 ways:

Assimilation: children take in new information and try to make it fit with what they currently know and understand. (example: thinking a black and white spotted dog is a cow)

Accommodation: children change their thinking to make new information fit. (learning the difference between a dog and a cow)


Emotional development

Emotional Development

  • Still learning control

  • Prone to impulsiveness and quick mood swings

  • Develop a sense of independence

  • Develop fears (spiders, water, etc.)

  • Sense of security continues as a primary emotional need for toddlers.


Social development

Social Development

  • PLAY is how they are learn.

    Solitary Play: Playing alone (1-2 years old)

    Parallel Play: Playing alone but next to another child. (2-3 years old)

  • Begin to learn social rules


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