Convection and the mantle pages 132 135
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Convection and the Mantle (pages 132–135). Types of Heat Transfer (pages 133–134) Key Concept: There are three types of heat transfer : conduction, convection, and radiation.

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Convection and the Mantle (pages 132–135)

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Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Convection and the Mantle

(pages 132–135)


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Types of Heat Transfer (pages 133–134)

Key Concept: There are three types of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

When an object heats up, particles in the object have more energy and move faster. This energy can travel, or transfer, from a warmer object to a cooler object.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Radiation is the transfer of energy through space. For example, sunlight travels through space by radiation and warms Earth’s surface.


Radiation also explains why your hands get warm when you hold them near a fire

Radiation also explains why your hands get warm when you hold them near a fire.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Conduction is the transfer of heat between objects that are touching. If you touch a hot pot, heat travels from the pot to your hand by conduction.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Convection is the transfer of heat by the movement of particles in fluids such as water. Moving particles transfer heat throughout the fluid.


The kind of heat transfer that warms earth s surface on a sunny day is

The kind of heat transfer that warms Earth’s surface on a sunny day is

RADIATION


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Circle the letter an example of conduction.

a. A sidewalk gets hot on a sunny day.

b. A pot gets hot on a stove.

c. A bench gets hot near a campfire.


The transfer of heat by the movement of particles in fluids is

The transfer of heat by the movement of particles in fluids is

CONVECTION


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Convection Currents (page 134)

Key Concept: Heating and cooling of a fluid, changes in the fluid’s density, and the force of gravity combine to set convection currents in motion.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Remember, convection is the transfer of heat by the movement of particles in fluids. This movement of particles is called a convection current.


A convection current starts when there are differences in temperature and density in a fluid

A convection current starts when there are differences in temperature and density in a fluid.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Density is the amount of mass in a given volume of a substance. A high-density substance feels heavy for its size.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

true or false? A convection current starts when there are differences in

temperature and volume in a fluid.

FALSE

DENSITY


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Convection Currents in Earth (page 135)

Key Concept: Heat from the core and the mantle itself causes convection currents in the mantle.


The heat inside earth causes convection currents in the mantle and outer core

The heat inside Earth causes convection currents in the mantle and outer core.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Convection currents inside Earth are like convection currents in a pot of soup. Hot materials at the bottom rise to the top. Cooler materials at the top sink to

the bottom.


Convection currents in the mantle move very slowly this is because the mantle is made of solid rock

Convection currents in the mantle move very slowly. This is because the mantle is made of solid rock.


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Remember, Earth is like a giant magnet because of currents in the outer core. Those currents are convection currents.


The layers of earth that have convection currents are the mantle and

The layers of Earth that have convection currents are the mantle and

Outer Core


Convection and the mantle pages 132 135

Circle the letter of the sentence that correctly describes how convection currents move inside Earth.

a. Hot materials rise, while cooler materials sink.

b. Hot materials sink, while cooler materials rise.

c. Hot materials move up or down, while cooler materials move sideways.


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